ppt.Total War

Total War: WWII
• Why do you think TIME magazine said, “The
political history of the 20th century can be written
as the biographies of six men: Lenin, Stalin, Hitler,
Mao Zedong, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston
• In your notebook give the reasons you think TIME
said this.
• I am NOT telling you how long it should be, but
write what you know. Each have been covered in
this class. You should KNOW something for each.
• Students will be able to evaluate the use of
Total War during WWII through the use of a
power point showing the definition as well as
different points of Total War. During the ppt.
students will write comments about each slide
within their peer group. At the end of the day,
a writing assignment answering the key
question will be assigned.
How did nations cooperate to
end the war?
How did the citizens
cooperate to bring about a
successful end to the war?
Write a paper judging how citizens cooperated
to bring a successful end to the war. Your
paper should reference what you have learned
from the power point. You need a topic
sentence, thesis, commentary, concluding
sentence. (written in 3rd person.)
Total war has 2 components.
Firstly, the entire population is mobilized as part of a nation's war effort
- those that don't fight work in the factories making war materiel or on
the land, those that are too old or to young grow extra food in their
gardens or collect scrap metal or do jobs on the Home Front.
Secondly, a nation's war effort targets the entire enemy population (as
they are all contributing to the enemy war effort), by all means
available or possible.
Carpet bombing of enemy cities to kill civilians is a good example of one
aspect of Total War. This was carried out by both sides in WW2.
Submarine attacks on unarmed merchant ships, again carried out by
both sides, is another.
FD Roosevelt declares war on Japan December 8, 1941
World War II was a total war because it was not simply limited to the
battlefield or even the troops. It was a total war because it involved
everyone. Innocent civilians died in air raids and everyone was joining in
the war effort.
Taking the example of the firebombing of Dresden during the night of
February 13-14, 1945, over 25,000 people were killed, destroying the
splendor of the city and displacing hundreds of thousands of residents.
Initial bombing raids on London targeted armament factories and other
strategically sensitive sites, most of which were in the poorer East End.
However, eventually, even Buckingham Palace was bombed. This
placed the poor working-class of the East End and Princess Elizabeth
both subject to the forces of war. As I mentioned earlier, World War II
was a total war because it targeted everyone, not just troops and people
on the battlefield. Living in a certain country defined a person as an
Rosie The Riveter
American women entered the workforce in
unprecedented numbers during World War II, as
widespread male enlistment left gaping holes in the
industrial labor force. Between 1940 and 1945, the
female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased
from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945
nearly one out of every four married women
worked outside the home. "Rosie the Riveter," star
of a government campaign aimed at recruiting
female workers for the munitions industry, became
perhaps the most iconic image of working women
during the war.
Men were off fighting women
picked up the slack!
Sugar Rationing-our boys need it
Was It You?
The Tuskegee airmen were the first black servicemen to
serve as military aviators in the U.S. armed forces, flying
with distinction during World War II. Though subject to
racial discrimination both at home and abroad, the 996
pilots and more than 15,000 ground personnel who
served with the all-black units would be credited with
some 15,500 combat sorties and earn over 150
Distinguished Flying Crosses for their achievements. The
highly publicized successes of the Tuskegee Airmen
helped pave the way for the eventual integration of the
U.S. armed forces under President Harry Truman in 1948.
Propaganda WWII