Phase 3



American researcher: Will Schutz

Theme: Group theories and concurrence in group.




O undamental nterpersonal elationship rientation

The 3 developing phases

1. Inclusion

2. Control

3. Openness

Phase 1:


Phase 2:


Phase 3:


Phase 1, Inclusion

• Am I allowed on board?

• A new group is created

• Rules for the team

• Team/group values

• Norms for our team?

• Goals – What are we striving for?



What do we want?

Phase 2, Control

• Groupmembers finding their role

• Am I competent enough?

• Who are the leaders?

• How much influence will I have?

• The battle for leadership!

• ”Mark your territory”

• Inner battles – ”Either run or stay and fight”?

• Who reacts?

– Interpersonal reaction – Works in the shadows




– Open reaction – Openly takes a stand!

Offensive line

Phase 3, Openness

• Everyone knows there place and role.

• Everyone accepts there place

• Leadership is decided and accepted

• Everyone is important for the group

Phase 3

• Mutual dependence

• No more “those guys mades the dessisions” now everyone feels included.

Worth considering ….

• Team express:





”We have unity”

Phase 3

”We have great team morale”

• A lot of people are unaware what good unity and team morale is

• In Phase 1 or 2 you will not find effective groups

• The groups ”best” performance will only be achieved in phase 3.

Remember that different phases require different leadership!

• Phase 1

• The coach is an administrator/authoritarian pedagogue

– Direct instructions

– Sets the bar

• Phase 2

– Vigilance on running away or taking the fight

– If there is to much of this, the leader must intervene.

• Phase 3

– The person in charge is the accepted leader

– Can be found behind the group for support – “The rock in which the group leans on”

– The group experience passive leadership.

Group members act different in every phase

Phase 1 Asks many questions to get conformation and support

Phase 2 Afraid of asking questions, scared of loosing the position in the group.

Phase 3 Not afraid to ask questions, express their opinions, Discuss to find better solutions.

Characteristics, FIRO 3

A team with

• Effective (group members)

• Harmony

• Team spirit

• Problem solver

• Natural Happiness


Teamwork by units (fives)

Were in FIRO are the team now?

One group of five

• We have been everywhere in all phases

• Must understand their role/roles better in fives/chaine and as a player

• Get better on how we talk to each other

• Accept what is said, look no reasons/excuses

• Right now in start of phase 2

What can we do to move forward?

• 1. Accept your role! Praise for the little things

(blocked shots, get puck out of zone)

• 2. How you talk/interact/react to teammates, know we are all in for the team

• 3. Those with confidence help built those who are struggling. Give energy to those who need

• 4. We have 25 guys in room who have to stick together, no one is gonna help us

• 5. Everybody contribute, not every line will score all nights. Help each other!