Exhibiting What You Have Learned

Lecture 6
What You Have Learned
Developed by Yang Ying
Three types of exhibition tasks:
Do collocation reconstruction tasks
Write using collocations collected
Do one round of editing with a focus on
collocation use
Collocation Reconstruction
Pair/group learning
One student/group reads a text and selects
a list of collocations.
Another student/group reconstructs the
text by using the list of collocations.
Shared learning in and outside classroom
Maximize learning opportunities
Use Collocations Collected
Writing a short passage/an online blog
with collocations from a longer text
2. Retell a story/Sum up the main idea of a
text using the collocations learned from
the text
An Example
Below is a list of collocations collected from the text “Teenagers and Stress” by David Inman
(do not) have stress
have had firsthand experience with stress
grapple with stress
feel under stress
face stress
run into stress
bringing some of it on yourself
caused by your frame of mind
(It can be tricky) to pin down where the stress comes from.
It comes from inside yourself/ Stress can often come from within.
Stress comes from trying to please others.
expect you not to be yourself
want you to follow in …’s footsteps
contemplate suicide
commit suicide
It can challenge you
make you push harder
Source of the text: Ruetten, M.K. (2003). Developing Composition Skills: Rhetoric and Grammar. 2nd edition.
Thomson Heinle. P94-96.
Sample Writing from a Student
Many adults may think that teenagers are not likely to
feel under stress. This is far from the truth. In fact,
many teenagers have had their firsthand experience
with stress/have to grapple with stress. Stress can
come from within—caused by one’s own expectation
to achieve. Stress can also come from trying to please
others, for example, pleasing your parents to be what
they want you to be or follow in a successful sibling’s
footsteps. Stress can have negative consequences.
Some teenagers may contemplate suicide or even
commit suicide when they run into severe stress.
However, stress can also challenge you and make you
push harder. Anyway, if you want to do well, you end
up bringing some (of it)/stress onto yourself.
A Sample of Oral Report
Below is a transcribed oral report a student did based on the same text:
Every one of us may have experienced stress. There are several possible
causes of stress.Very often, stress comes from inside yourself—your own
frame of mind. You cannot help feeling under stress if you want to do well.
Sometimes, stress comes from the people around you: your friends, your
colleagues or even your family members when they expect too much from
you and you strive hard to fulfil such expectations. For example, it can be
highly stressful trying to be what your parents want you to be or follow in
a successful sibling’s footsteps.
Stress is like an enemy. When we face it, we need to grapple with it to beat
it. If you contemplate suicide or even commit suicide when you run into
stress, it’s like giving up and killing yourself before you even start to fight
the enemy. Doesn’t that sound silly to you?
Anyway, every body has stress at some point of his life, if not throughout
his life, so do not expect you or I to be spared. Face it, and face it bravely.
Edit Writing with a Focus on
Collocation Use
Edit for grammatical accuracy
 Focus one round of editing on collocation
A Sample of Edited Text
Part of the trick in keeping yourself physically fit lies in an effective control
of what you eat and how to eat. First, eating sensibly is one of the critical
factors for a healthy body. Eating a rich variety of nutritious foods, such as
fruits, vegetables, grains and limiting sugary foods, salt and refined-grain
products will make you fit and healthy. Moreover, consuming water instead
of gaseous or soda drink and eating less fast food or oily food is also more
likely to keep you from some common diseases. The way you consume
food is also a significant factor to maintain your physical health. When you
chew your food, you should take your time to fully digest it. In addition to
this, you should listen to your body attentively; when your body sends out
the signal that it is hungry, you should at least eat a biscuit or cake although
you may be terribly busy. However, you must cautiously avoid over-eating
your favorite food as over-eating will make you feel sick. Eating just enough
to satisfy your hunger will help you remain fully alert and fairly
(totally/perfectly) relaxed. Moreover, you must carefully avoid stress while
eating. When you are heavily stressed, your digestion can be seriously
compromised, causing health problems like colitis or indigestion. Last but
not least, you should deliberately avoid eating while working, driving or
arguing. To conclude, effective management of your eating styles helps you
stay fit and healthy.
--By Chit Su (used with permission)
Three types of exhibition tasks
Collocation reconstruction
 Writing with a conscious use of collocations collected
 Editing with a focus on collocation use
 Rose, C., &
Nicholl, M. J. (1997). Accelerated
Learning for the 21st Century: the Six-Step Plan to
Unlock Your MASTER-mind. Dell Publishing.
 Ruetten, M.K. 2003. Developing
Composition Skills:
Rhetoric and Grammar. 2nd edition. Thomson
Heinle. P94-96.
 Yang,Y. (2009). Towards
Language Awareness and
Learner Autonomy in Collocation Learning:
Learner Perspectives and Practices on an
“AWARE” Approach. Unpublished Doctorate
thesis. University of Western Australia.