Reform in Great Britain 11

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Cornell Notes:

World History: Unit 6: Title

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Reform in Great Britain

The Luddites: 1811-1816

Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].

The Luddite Triangle

Ideas: Utilitarianism    Individual Freedom Jeremy Bentham  “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” John Stuart Mill   Votes for women & working class Government should help working class

Peterloo Massacre, 1819

British Soldiers Fire on British Workers: 19 dead, 700 wounded

Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!

Reform Act of 1832    Rotten Burroughs – Members of Parliament not representative of population lowered property qualifications Redistributed votes in House of Commons to represent cities

British Reform Bill of 1832

Chartist Movement  1830’s  Wanted …  Universal Adult Male Suffrage  Salaries for Parliament  Secret Ballot

The Chartists

A female Chartist

A physical force— Chartists arming for the fight.

Impact of Chartists

Abolition of slavery in the colonies in 1832.

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Sadler Commission to look into working conditions

Factory Act [1833] – child labor.

New Poor Law [1834] – indoor relief.

Poor houses.

Anti-Corn League, 1848   Wanted to end tariff on imported grain—hard on factory workers First modern protest group     Demonstrations Lectures Posters pamphlets

Ireland      Controlled by England & Immigrant English Protestants Discrimination against Catholics Potato Famine 1845-50 Demand “Home Rule”  Charles Parnell 1921 – Ireland became independent  Except Northern Ireland

Education Reform    Ragged Schools – religious schools for poor 1881 – public schools & mandatory education from 5-10 years old 1918-public secondary schools

The Socialists: Utopians & Marxists

   People as a society would operate and own the means of production, not individuals.

Their goal was a society that benefited everyone, not just a rich, well-connected few.

Tried to build perfect communities [utopias].

Queen Victoria  18 yrs old  Reigned from 1837-1901  Height of British Empire

William Gladstone    Liberal Prime Minister Supported social reforms    Education Anti-Poverty Suffrage

Benjamin Disraeli     Conservative Prime Minister Preserve Aristocracy Supported moderate reform

Suffragettes—Women’s Rights      Emmeline Pankhurst Demonstrations & marches When jailed went on hunger strikes Women’s Property Acts 1882 Women over 30, Right to Vote 1918

Other Reformers   Fabian Society—Socialism by gradual reform Labor Party—Trade Unions

Manchester, England    1750: 17,000 1850:300,000 2010:480,000

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