World History: Unit 6: Title
Your Reaction: Notes from PowerPoint Questions Explanations Ideas Summary of Lecture:
The Luddites: 1811-1816
Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].
The Luddite Triangle
Ideas: Utilitarianism Individual Freedom Jeremy Bentham “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” John Stuart Mill Votes for women & working class Government should help working class
Peterloo Massacre, 1819
British Soldiers Fire on British Workers: 19 dead, 700 wounded
Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!
Reform Act of 1832 Rotten Burroughs – Members of Parliament not representative of population lowered property qualifications Redistributed votes in House of Commons to represent cities
British Reform Bill of 1832
Chartist Movement 1830’s Wanted … Universal Adult Male Suffrage Salaries for Parliament Secret Ballot
A female Chartist
A physical force— Chartists arming for the fight.
Abolition of slavery in the colonies in 1832.
Sadler Commission to look into working conditions
Factory Act  – child labor.
New Poor Law  – indoor relief.
Anti-Corn League, 1848 Wanted to end tariff on imported grain—hard on factory workers First modern protest group Demonstrations Lectures Posters pamphlets
Ireland Controlled by England & Immigrant English Protestants Discrimination against Catholics Potato Famine 1845-50 Demand “Home Rule” Charles Parnell 1921 – Ireland became independent Except Northern Ireland
Education Reform Ragged Schools – religious schools for poor 1881 – public schools & mandatory education from 5-10 years old 1918-public secondary schools
The Socialists: Utopians & Marxists
People as a society would operate and own the means of production, not individuals.
Their goal was a society that benefited everyone, not just a rich, well-connected few.
Tried to build perfect communities [utopias].
Queen Victoria 18 yrs old Reigned from 1837-1901 Height of British Empire
William Gladstone Liberal Prime Minister Supported social reforms Education Anti-Poverty Suffrage
Benjamin Disraeli Conservative Prime Minister Preserve Aristocracy Supported moderate reform
Suffragettes—Women’s Rights Emmeline Pankhurst Demonstrations & marches When jailed went on hunger strikes Women’s Property Acts 1882 Women over 30, Right to Vote 1918
Other Reformers Fabian Society—Socialism by gradual reform Labor Party—Trade Unions
Manchester, England 1750: 17,000 1850:300,000 2010:480,000