Reflection in Nursing Practice Rebecca Taylor (3rd year student nurse) Learning outcomes… Define reflection Understand reflection in nursing Recognise models for reflection What is reflection? “an active process of witnessing one’s own experience in order to take a closer look and explore it in depth”. (Amulya, 1999) Why do we reflect??? “to develop strategies for survival throughout our lives”. (Jasper, 2003) Example… A night out on the town… excessive alcohol intake!! Reflecting… Description of the event How this made you feel Evaluating if it was good or bad Analysing an area for learning Coming to a conclusion The changes you might make Analysis of alcohol... What is it? How much should I drink? Are there any short term or long term effects? How does it affect me physically or psychologically? Reflection in nursing practice… “a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse and evaluate, and so, inform learning from practice”. (Reid, 1993) An example from practice… An incidence of poor patient care in the operating theatre. Reflection models… Gibb’s model (1988) Analysis of advocacy… What is advocacy? Your responsibility as a nurse. What elements need to be present? What barriers can inhibit advocacy? Understanding facilitates a change in practice Any questions??? References… Amulya, J. (1999) What is reflective practice? Centre for Reflective Community Practice. MIT. Gibbs, G. (1988) Learning by doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Oxford. Oxford Polytechnic. Jasper, M. (2003) Beginning reflective practice. In: Foundations in Nursing and Healthcare. Nelson Thornes. Johns, C. (1994) Guided reflection. In: Palmer, A. Burns, S. and Bulman, C. (eds) Reflective practice in nursing: The growth of the professional practitioner. Oxford. Blackwell Science. Reid, B. (1993) But we’re already doing it! Exploring a response to the concept of reflective practice in order to improve it’s facilitation. Nurse Education Today. 13 pp. 305309. Stephenson, S. (2000) Exemplars of reflection. In: Burns, S. and Bulman, C. (eds) Reflective practice in nursing: The growth of the professional practitioner. Oxford. Blackwell Science. Somerville, D. and Keeling, A. (2004) A practical approach to promote reflective practice within nursing [online] Available from: http://www.nursingtimes.net/nursingpractice/204502.article [accessed: 10th June 2011].