Dr Erica Morris - Oxford Brookes University

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‘Plagiarism today’: current themes and perspectives

Dr Erica Morris Senior Adviser Academic Integrity Service The Higher Education Academy

Measuring the scale of the problem types of misconduct, policies, procedures and penalties Education and going online academic integrity modules, learning activities (with text matching tools) But in my discipline educational context, subject specific academic integrity issues Follow the light holistic approach, institutional framework, promoting academic integrity Uncovering secrets reasons, student understandings and perspectives 2

Supporting academic integrity

• • • • Summarising work from last 10 years Highlighting key issues Case studies: educational approaches – Institution – Programme – Subject Sharing good practice across higher education 3

Policy works

• • • • • Reviewing policy to manage unacceptable academic practice in higher education Previous research and good practice guidance 12 recommendations Examples and excerpts from institutional policies Illustrative cases 4

‘Plagiarism tomorrow’: emerging themes, challenges and directions

Dr Erica Morris Senior Adviser Academic Integrity Service The Higher Education Academy

Measuring the scale of the problem types of misconduct, policies, procedures and penalties Education and going online academic integrity modules, learning activities (with text matching tools) But in my discipline educational context, subject specific academic integrity issues Follow the light holistic approach, institutional framework, promoting academic integrity Uncovering secrets reasons, student understandings and perspectives 6

Measuring the scale of the problem

• • • • Importance of AMBeR project Methodological issues – Self reporting (dis)honest behaviour – Variation in terminology Patterns: use of assignments – – Frequency and nature of plagiarism Student characteristics – Walker (2010) Promote academic integrity – East (2009) 7

Education and going online

• • • • Complex skills – Research, study, academic writing – Web resources, tutorials, online modules Formative assessment – – Students: practise skills Text-matching tools ‘Avoid’, ‘reduce’ plagiarism Evaluation study – Academic integrity module – Lack of knowledge: citation – Belter and du Pre (2009) University of Aberdeen’s guidance on plagiarism 8

But in my discipline

• • • Generic and subject-specific issues – Group work and collusion – Data fabrication Context of the subject – Students acquiring knowledge and skills Teaching, learning and assessment practices – Authentic assessments 9

Follow the light

• Holistic approaches – Teaching and learning strategies – Policies and procedures – Student learning and development – Staff training and development East (2009), Macdonald and Carroll (2006), Park (2004) • • Continuous staff engagement • Senior management • Ownership of policies Working to

achieve

consistency • Staff development • Joining up strategies and policies • Using tools effectively 10

Uncovering secrets

• • Varied, interrelated reasons Study on use of sources and plagiarism in essays – Questionnaire, text-analysis, consultations with students – Electronic sources as different from print – Lack of note-taking from electronic sources – Academic writing: not just ‘technical’ matters – Ellery (2008) 11

Directions Building connections

• Policy, strategy, practice, implementation • ‘Alignment’ (East, 2009) • Language of policies (Bretag et al, 2011)

International perspectives

• Academic integrity standards initiative in Australia (Bretag et al) • Approaches in USA: academic integrity seminars, peer educator programme (Bertram Gallant, 2010) 12

Student engagement • Range of understandings and confusions • Dialogue and discussion • Collaborative developments and ‘campaigns’ 13

Follow-up and resources

[email protected]

http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/academic-integrity Supporting academic integrity: approaches and resources for higher education Policy works: recommendations for reviewing policy to manage unacceptable academic practice in higher education 14

References

Belter, R. W. and du Pre, A. (2009) A strategy to reduce plagiarism in an undergraduate course. Teaching of Psychology, 36(4), 257 261.

Bertram Gallant, T. (2010) UCSD Academic Integrity Annual Report 2008-2009. http://academicaffairs.ucsd.edu/ug ed/academicintegrity/AI_2008-2009_Report.pdf

Learning Development.

Learning, 3(1), A38-A51.

Higher Education, 33(6), 607-617.

Evaluation in Higher Education, 31(2), 233-245.

http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/academic-integrity Further and Higher Education. 28 (3), 291-306.

[7 June 2011].

Bretag, T. , Mahmud, S., East, J., Green, M., James, C., McGowan, U., Partridge, L., Wallace, M. and Walker, R. (2011) Academic

integrity standards: a preliminary analysis of academic integrity policies at Australian universities.

Carroll. J. (2007) A Handbook for Deterring Plagiarism in Higher Education. Second edition. Oxford: Oxford Centre for Staff and East, J. (2009) Aligning policy and practice: an approach to integrating academic integrity. Journal of Academic Language & Ellery, K. (2008) An investigation into electronic-source plagiarism in a first-year essay assignment. Assessment & Evaluation in Macdonald, R. and Carroll, J. (2006) Plagiarism – a complex issue requiring a holistic institutional approach. Assessment and Morris, E. with Carroll, J. (2011) Policy works: recommendations for reviewing policy to manage unacceptable academic practice in higher education. The Academy JISC Academic Integrity Service, The Higher Education Academy. Available from: Morris, E. et al (2010) Supporting academic integrity: approaches and resources for higher education. The Academy JISC Academic Integrity Service, The Higher Education Academy. Available from: http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/academic-integrity Park, C. (2004) Rebels without a clause: towards an institutional framework for dealing with plagiarism by students. Journal of Plagiarismadvice.org (2010) Plagiarism Reference Tariff. Available from: http://www.plagiarismadvice.org/documents/AMBeR%20Tariffv2.pdf

Plagiarism and the Penalties Applied. Available from: k [21 July 2010].

35(1), 41-59.

[1 November 2010].

Tennant, P. and Duggan, F. (2008) Academic Misconduct Benchmarking Research Project: Part 2. The Recorded Incidence of Student http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/ourwork/teachingandlearning/assessment/alldisplay?type=projects&newid=AMBeR&site=yor Walker, J. (2010) Measuring plagiarism: researching what students do, not what they say they do. Studies in Higher Education, 15

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