义务教育阶段的教育财政问题为什么义务教育需要转移支付?

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中国教育发展与改革中若干教育经济理 论与方法问题

Several Theoretical and Methodology Problems on Economics of Education during the Process of China ’ s Educational Reform and Development

CIEE,Beijing Normal University 北京师范大学首都教育经济研究院 Shanmai Wang 王善迈 30 June, 2011 2011年6月30日 1

主 要 内

Contents

容 1 教育与经济社会发展关系 The relationship between education and socio-economic development 2 市场经济体制下教育中的政府与市场关系 The relationship between government and market in education under market economy 3 层级政府间教育职责和财政责任的关系 The relationship between education and financial roles among levels of government 2

4 教育与劳动力市场关系 The relationship between education and labor market 5 教育财政和教育财政制度的评价 The evaluation of educational finance and educational fiscal system 6 教育财政制度的改革和安排 The reform and arrangement of educational fiscal system 3

1 教育与经济社会发展关系 The relationship between education and socio-economic development  不同的社会历史发展背景下如何认识教育与经 济社会发展的关系 how to understand the relationship between education and socio-economic development under different social economic development periods 4

 如何认识教育对经济社会发展的作用 How to understand the roles of education to economic and social development  如何规划教育发展的目标 How to plan the goals of educational development 5

2 市场经济体制下教育中的政府与市场关系 The relationship between government and market in education under market economy  政府与市场—一个永恒的主题 government and market — a perpetual topic  教育中的政府与市场:教育资源谁提供、谁分配、 如何分配 The relationship between government and market in education: who should provide the educational resources, who should allocate it and how to allocate.

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 教育中政府与市场作用的边界 The boundary of roles of government and market in education  义务教育 compulsory education  非义务教育 non- compulsory education  教育培训 educational training 7

3 层级政府间教育职责和财政责任的关系 The relationship between educational responsibility and financial roles among levels of government  教育职责和财政支出责任的划分根据 The division basis of educational responsibilities and fiscal expenditure roles 8

 各级各类教育职责和支出责任的具体设定 How to specifically regulate the education and expenditure responsibilities for all levels and types of education  教育事权与财权的对等和转移支付 Matching educational management power and financial authority through transfer payment system 9

4 高等教育与劳动力市场关系 The relationship between higher education and labour market    大学生就业难与过度教育 The employment difficulties of college graduates and over-education problem 中国大学生就业的制度环境 The institutional environment of Chinese graduates' employment 大学生供求均衡问题 The balancing problem of college graduates’ demand and supply 10

5 教育财政制度的评价 The evaluation of educational finance and educational fiscal system  本森关于教育财政的评价标准: 充足、效率、 公平 The evaluation criteria of educational finance by Benson: adequacy, efficiency and equality  教育财政评价标准的探讨 Discussions on evaluation criteria of educational finance 11

教育财政评价标准的探讨 Discussions on evaluation criteria of educational finance  是否存在其他标准    whether there are other standards or not.

如何定义和测量充足、效率、公平 how to define and measure adequacy, efficiency and equality 充足、效率、公平的关系 The relationship between adequacy, efficiency and equality 教育财政制度中如何体现充足、效率、公平 how to embody adequacy, efficiency and equity in educational fiscal system 12

6 公共教育财政制度的改革和安排 The reform and arrangement of educational fiscal system 6.1 公共教育财政制度的界定 The definition of public educational fiscal system    基本职能 basic function 特征 characteristics 作用边界 boundary of roles 13

6.2 各项公共教育财政制度的改革 Reform on public educational fiscal system -教育预算编制、执行和监管 Education budget' constitution, implementation and monitoring - 非义务教育的成本分担 Cost sharing for non-compulsory education - 政府对学校的拨款制度 Schooling financing system by government - 教育财政转移支付制度 Transfer payment system of educational finance - 非义务教育的学费制度 Tuition system of non-compulsory education 14

谢谢 !

Thanks 欢迎批评指正 Welcome comments and suggestions 15

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