China-Reform and Reaction From This To This! Reform and Mao’s Legacy His harsh reforms greatly damaged China Family life replaced by communal life No more incentives for higher work When critics of Mao wanted to change directions Mao created the “Cultural Revolution” to avoid capitalism China and the West After the Chinese Revolution, they shut the doors to outsiders China and the USA would go to war in North Korea By the late 1960’s the USSR and China despise eachother In the early 1970’s Mao’s right hand man, Zhou Enlai wanted to open relations with the West, he recognized their importance He invited an American table tennis team to come to China-Became known as “Ping Pong Diplomacy” Forrest, Forrest Gump Then….. Zhou Enlai invited the Presiden to the United States, Yorba Linda’ s favorite son Richard Nixon to China. HUGE!!! They promised to start with small cultural exchanges and limited trade Change Happening THROUGOUT CHINA Mao and Zhou died in 1976. Moderate took over led by Deng Xiaopeng Unlike Mao, he was willing to utilize moderate usage of capitalism Created “Four Modernizations” agriculture, industry, defense, and science Eliminated communes, leased the land Food production increased He welcomed foreign technology and investment Deng Massacre in Tiananmen Square Rich and poor gap developed Western ideas flooded China, democracy was trying to take root In the Spring of 1989 100,000 student began to protest and occupy Tiananmen Square Deng declared Martial law June 4, thousands of heavily armed Chinese troops attacked the students, killing perhaps thousands.