Teaching Physical Education

Terry L. Rizzo
What is Physical Education?
Physical education is:
The development of physical and motor fitness;
Fundamental motor skills and patterns; and, skills in
aquatics, dance and individual and group games and sports.
The term includes intramural and lifetime activities.
Special physical education, adapted physical education,
movement education, and motor development.
Physical Activity
Physical activity is muscle movement that substantially increases energy
expenditure, including exercise, sport, dance, and other movement forms.
Physical education programs, recesses, intramural sports programs, and
athletic programs involve physical activity, but each serves a different
Intramural sports and athletic programs provide opportunities for student
learning but are not likely to constitute high quality standards-based
physical education instruction.
Why is PE important?
It addresses four Domains of behavior:
How Much PE is Required?
Students in grades one through six, inclusive, must be
provided with physical education instruction with an emphasis
upon the physical activities for the pupils that may be conducive to
health and vigor of body and mind, for a total of not less than 200
minutes each ten schooldays, exclusive of recesses and the lunch
Students in grades seven through 12, except pupils excused or exempted,
are required to attend upon the courses of physical education for a
total period of time of not less than 400 minutes each ten
The high school graduation requirement is: Two courses in physical
education, unless the pupil has been exempted pursuant to the
provisions of the education code.
We Need More PE in Schools
Issues: What should be taught?
PE has content standards for each grade level
Look at the California Department of Education website for the content
Compare the standards to what you’ve seen taught
Are team sports the appropriate content for PE instruction in elementary
What makes a good PE lesson?
Active participation (75% on task behavior)
Focus on content standards
Clear expectations and goals
Preparation for student management
Assessment of student progress
What else?
Make the Most of Physical Education
And so?
Factors to Consider
Childhood obesity has quadrupled since 1970, from 4 percent to 17 percent.
A healthy skeleton does not depend on calcium, it depends on exercise.
Aerobic exercise such as running, swimming, etc. is important but resistance
exercise is critical for a strong skeleton.
Type 2 diabetes is no longer classified as "adult onset diabetes." It occurs in
children as young as 6 years and complications such as blindness,
amputations and kidney failure are now occurring before the age of 30.
Factors to Consider
More than 90 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Those
who appear to be of normal weight have abnormal levels of body fat that
has replaced muscle because of lack of physical activity.
Children who are physically active during the school day learn better and
have fewer behavior problems.
Daily vigorous physical activity is associated with increased levels of
academic achievement
What is the Course of Study?
The course of study provides for instruction in a developmental sequence in
each of the following areas:
1. Effects of physical activity upon dynamic health
2. Mechanics of body movement
3. Aquatics
4. Gymnastics and tumbling
5. Individual and dual sports
6. Rhythms and dance
7. Team sports
8. Combatives
Can PE be integrated with other
Curriculum Subjects?
Yes, but . . .
Good teaching takes creativity.
Brainstorm with your colleagues how this might be accomplished.
Share your ideas!
Have you seen PE taught?
What have you seen?
How often is PE taught?
What’s the difference between PE and recess?
Participation is not the same as education.
What does State education code say about how many minutes a week of PE
instruction children should receive?