Cultural Differences in Physical Education

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By: Kacey Oswell
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In everyday conversation, as little as 7% of a
message may be expressed in words. The rest is
through facial expression, voice tone, body
gestures, and overall posture
It may be difficult to understand nonverbal
messages because different cultures have
different expectations about eye contact,
physical touch, body gestures, etc.
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PE in Japan has many similarities & differences with
PE programs in the United States.
Promote major outcomes related to fitness and lifelong
sport and physical activity participation.
Promote making a mind-body connection and learning
to live a happy and cheerful life.

Overall Objective:
 To recognize the
body and mind as a
whole by gaining
experience in sport
and understanding of
health and safety
 One should keep a
good fitness level and
have a healthy
attitude to make life
happy and cheerful

Goals:

To promote a positive attitude aimed at practicing
fundamental physical activities and games by
having simple rules and activities
 Which will promote the child’s fitness.

To promote an attitude favorable to practicing
physical activities while being friendly with
everyone and paying attention to one’s own health
and safety.

Goals:



To promote a positive attitude towards playing
sports by giving activities based on individual goals,
learn sport skills based on sport’s properties, and
promote fitness.
Promote an attitude of fairness and cooperation, and
to still give the desire to make a good effort while
paying attention to one’s own health and safety.
Student’s should understand how to live a healthy
life and achieve physical development, and to have
an attitude that will make life happy and cheerful.

Goals:



Promote a positive attitude towards playing sports,
by giving activities based on individual goals, learn
sport’s properties and controlled conditions, and
promote fitness.
Promote an attitude of fairness and cooperation, and
still give the desire to make a good effort while
paying attention to one’s own health and safety.
Students should be able to understand how to
prevent injury and diseases and work toward
making their life healthy and cheerful.

Overall Objective:


To recognize the body and mind as a whole by
participating in sports and through an understanding of
health and safety, students should have a positive
attitude toward sports, promote their fitness, and have
the ability to do something good for their health on their
own, and develop an attitude that will make life happy
and cheerful.
Students should:
Develop sport skills and gain experiences by solving tasks
 Learn to control their own health and be aware of each
physical change.


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Same objective
Students should gain pleasurable experiences
by developing sports skills; promote their
fitness; have attitudes of fairness, cooperation,
and responsibility; and have a positive attitude
toward lifelong participation in sport.
The afPE (Association for Physical Education)
is the only PE and school sport subject
association in the UK
 Their purpose is to promote and maintain high
standards and safe practice in all aspects and at
all levels of physical education, influencing
developments in physical education at national
and local levels.
 ‘Physical Education – The Heart of School Life’
http://www.afpe.org.uk/index.php

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Aim for learning and undertaking activities in
PE to contribute to:
 Achievement
 Successful learners who enjoy learning, achieving, &
progression.
 Become confident individuals who are able to live safe,
healthy and fulfilling lives.
 Become responsible citizens who make positive
contribution to society.

Competence
Developing control of whole-body skills and fine
manipulation skills.
 Responding with body and mind to the demands of an
activity


Performance

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Creativity

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Understanding the nature of success in different types of
activity.
Using imaginative ways to express & communicate ideas,
solve problems and overcome challenges.
Healthy, active lifestyles

Understanding that physical activity contributes to the
healthy functioning of the body and mind.
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United States - “Physical Education is fitness
for everyone”
Japan – “Learning to live a happy and cheerful
life”
United Kingdom – “Physical Education – The
Heart of School Life”
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Nakai, T. (2005, September 01). Standards and practice for k-12 physical education in japan: In both content and approach,
japanese physical education exhibits similarities to, and differences from, physical education in the united states. Retrieved from
http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ7279
61&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ727961
Nakai, T. (2005, September). Standards and practice in asia physical education. Retrieved from
http://etc.usf.edu/flstandards/pe/pe in japan.pdf
Wilkinson, S. (2007, September). Association for physical education. Retrieved from http://www.afpe.org.uk/index.php
Curriculum Authority. (2007). Physical education. Retrieved from http://curriculum.qcda.gov.uk/uploads/QCA-07-3342p_PE_KS3_tcm8-407.pdf
Speregen , K. (2005). Physical education in american's public schools. Retrieved from
http://sitemaker.umich.edu/356.speregen/physical_education_and_school_performance
California Department of Education. (2010, September 17). Physical education model content standards for california public
schools. Retrieved from http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/documents/pestandards.pdf
RM Education. . Pe-warm up/cool down ideas. Retrieved from http://www.teachingideas.co.uk/pe/contents.htm
Active Living Research. (2006). Active education. Retrieved from
http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Active_Ed.pdf
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