Transparency

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Carolyn Ball, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Public Administration
Accountability
 Trust
 Sunshine laws
 Whistleblower laws
 Open meetings
 Freedom of Information

Creates a perception of a problem
 Can offer a solution or strategy to
resolve a problem

Peter Eigen, World Bank Manager
 Transparency International formed
1993
 Corruption Index

http://www.transparency.org/about_us/organisation

Effects and consequences of
corruption for citizens
Accident of translation
 Assumption German, French, and
English meaning of Transparenz,
transparence, and transparency are
similar
 English: an overhead film, something
clear, seamless, or even a condom

World Bank, IMF, European Union,
treaties
 Transparency focuses on upfront or
before hand openness

Accountability emphasizes an
oversight body after the fact
 Sometimes used interchangeably with
transparency

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DL08s5uH8as
◦
Decision-making
 Access to Information

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72g7qmeP1dE

Actions creating credible governance
systems, visible performance
measurement systems, readily
available information
http://blogs.wsj.com/health/2009/08/24/pitching-patientsafety-and-hospital-transparency-on-youtube/

Political Action Committees
http://fec.gov/disclosure.shtml

New Nonprofit Advocacy Committee
that doesn’t report donors
http://www.crossroadsgps.org/
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