Perspective - Terrigal High School

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A young child looks
through a great stained
glass window, watching as
people go by.
Everyone seems to be
wearing a red coat. His
mother sees jackets in
white
-Kutless
What is the difference between what
is seen by the boy and his mum? Why
would this happen?
Perspective
• The way in which objects are
seen due to their spatial
attributes (their dimensions
and from what point they are
being viewed).
• This causes objects to look
smaller the further they are
from you. Artist represent
this in the effect called
Foreshortening
Perspective and Art
This
It Started
example
inisthe
a One
Point
withto
Artists
, which
Perspective
isRenaissance
used
by Perspective
artists
create
that
imitates
wanted
theIllusion
to
way
create
our
aDepth
realistic
perceive
setting
space
as
the
ofeyes
in their
art.for
disappearing to their
a single
Pieces.
point on the horizon.
Christ Handing the Keys to St. Peter by Pietro Perugino (1481-82)
What did Art look like
before the Renaissance?
The
Crucifixion,
Pietro
Lorenzetti,
1340s
The Virgin and
Child
Enthroned
and
Surrounded
by Angels,
Byzantine Art
Cimabue, ca.
1280
Perspective
 Many of the earlier
works artists
created showed
little depth.
 Does this picture
reflect depth? Why
or why not?
 How could this
picture be changed
to increase its’
depth?
Kaufmann Haggadah. Spain, late 14th C.
 Many artists have
used a variety of
different
techniques to show
depth. However it
was not until the
Renaissance that
artists developed a
system to show
depth logically and
consistently.
Raphael.
Betrothal of the Virgin 1504
A
Inone
a One
point
Point
perspective
Perspective
is created
the Front
by
placing
Face ofaasingle
form is
Vanishing
seen as Point
the closest
on the
Horizon Line. Objects
point . recede towards
this point along lines called Orthogonals.
Horizon
Line
Front
Face
Vanishing
Point
Front
Face
Orthogonals
Front Face
Christ Handing the Keys to St. Peter by Pietro Perugino (1481-82)
During the Renaissance
artists became
interested in making
two-dimensional
artwork look threedimensional.
This image was painted
2 years earlier. Notice
that Macaccio has
painted the background
gold rather than
showing perspective.
Masaccio. The Holy Trinity. 1428
Perspective
Influential People during the Renaissance
 Art:
 Michelangelo
 Leonardo da Vinci
 Science
 Galileo
 Literature
 Shakespeare
Raphael, School of Athens,
One-point linear perspective
Perspective
 Artists used
mathematics and close
observation to invent
linear perspective.
 Linear perspective
allows artists to trick
the eye into seeing
depth on a flat surface.
Linear Perspective:
 Based on the way the human eye sees the
world.
 Objects that are closer appear larger, more
distant objects appear smaller.
 To create the illusion of space the artists
creates a vanishing point on the horizon line.
 Objects are drawn using orthogonal lines,
which lead to the vanishing points.
Perspective
 Can you locate the
Horizon Line?
 How did you
determine this?
 Can you find the
vanishing point in
this picture?
Perspective
The red line is the Horizon Line.
Perspective
Can you locate the vanishing point?
Perspective
Draw a horizon line towards the top of your paper.
1. CENTRAL EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
2. LOW EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
3. “BIRDS” EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
TWO POINT PERSPECTIVE
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
HORIZON / EYE LEVEL
Perspective
Draw two vanishing points on the horizon line near
the page edges.
Perspective
Now draw a vertical line this is your front edge. Draw
it in near the bottom middle of the page, so you have
plenty of room to add more forms to your building.
Perspective
Now connect the both ends of the front edge to both
vanishing points. These are orthogonals. Draw lightly
so you can erase!
Perspective
Draw two vertical lines between the orthogonals where
you want the back edges of your form to appear.
Perspective
Now join the back and top corners to the opposite
vanishing point to complete the top of the form.
Perspective
Erase the extra orthogonals. Now you have a form
drawn in two-point perspective!
Perspective
Task 1. 20 marks due week 7.
Create a 2 point
perspective drawing from
inside or outside of the
school. A3 size.
Sketch out in pencil
first.
Add shading and details
to make the drawing
realistic.
Marking criteria.
You must demonstrate an
understanding of how to draw
2 point perspective by
representing the image in the
correct proportions. 7.5 marks
The drawing must show a
creative approach. 5 marks
A high degree of skill should
be shown in rendering light,
dark and detail. 7.5 marks
Now Select
a Vanishing
Point on
the
After
that
draw
a
Horizontal
line
to
Use
your
ruler
to
draw
a
Next
draw
the
Front
Face
of
Now
Finish
your
shape
by
erasing
Horizon
Line
and
connect
the
edges
end
your
shape
and
a
Vertical
line
to
Line
in
the middle
of
aHorizon
Square
in one
corner
of
the
of
your
square
to
it
using
Orthogonal
the
remaining
Orthogonal
lines.
complete the side
your
paper.
Lines.
page.
Now Experiment with drawing boxes in other
parts of the page to see how they come out.
See what it looks like to stack boxes or
subtract one from another.
Perspective Drawing - Animated!
Click on this hyperlink
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