Building the Economic Foundations for Democracy in Haiti

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Building the economic
foundations for democracy
in Haiti
Financial
services are
essential
But 3.6 billion people
worldwide do not have
access to financial services
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




Micro-savings
Micro-insurance
Micro-capital
Money transfers (remittances)
Currency exchange
Non Financial services





Financial literacy
Leadership training
Business support
Health
and more
“Every human
being deserves to
live in dignity, with
schools and
churches to attend,
food and clean
water for
themselves and
their children,
access to health
care shelter, and
safe communities.”
-- Father Joseph Philippe, CSSp
We now have nearly 2,000
Solidarity Centers
throughout rural Haiti
The Fonkoze Approach
Four
D’s of microfinance in Haiti
Do it all!
Double Bottom Line
Deep Dive into poverty
Difficult environment
Microfinance+
… you can’t just
give a woman a loan
Double Bottom Line
Social and Financial
Deep Dive into Poverty
Haiti is one of the most
Difficult Environments
in the world!
Haitian
Diaspora
A joint project of The Worldwide Vincentian Family, Fonkoze, DePaul University and
the Haitian Hometown Associations Resource Group Initiated on the occasion of the
350th anniversary of the deaths of St. Louise de Marillac and St. Vincent de Paul
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1700 contributeurs (30 % Diaspora)
775 emplois crees
500+ enterprises/organisations financees
$1.7M + mobilises pour en dons ou prets
pour financer leurs projets
Underserved Market, Untapped Potential
$300,000+
Commercial Banking
Loan Sizes
Sogebank, Unibank, Capital Bank
$10,000 $300,000
SME Banking
•
Although constrained, very large
businesses can access credit from
commercial banks
•
Micro-entrepeneurs with options, in most
part of the country, borrow from MFIs
•
“Missing middle” are small-and-medium
enterprises
Underserved by microfinance and FDI
$1,000 $10,000
Zafen: Soft loans and BDS
Large Microfinance
Sogesol, MCN (for Capital and not really for rural
areas with Collateral no agriculture)
•
<$1,000
Microfinance
•
Too large for microfinance institutions
•
Too small for commercial banks
SMEs drive job creation globally and
especially in Haiti
Fonkoze, FINCA, ACME
*Note: The representations above are the lending levels of focus for each institution, not their exclusive area of lending
18
Source: The SME Banking Knowledge Guide / IFC advisory Services – Access to Finance 2009
Arrows: Zafen loans (14 month no interest loans, 12 equal repayments) should have been tailored for the
needs of the clients.
Loan type Portf.
Livestock, $8,115
Agriculture, 35,273
Poultry/ Fish, $40,152
Agriculture
Poultry/ Fish
Working Capital , $256,347
Equipment
Equipment, $241,071
Working Capital
Livestock
Portf. Sect.
Other,
$84,306.31
Agriculture,
$121,845.91
Sewing, $25,629.32
Education,
$42,292.80
Handcraft,
$57,825.83
Service, $87,278.32
Food service,
$86,072.82
Construction,
$70,208.84
Production, $5,498.58
Mèsi Anpil
Thanks for Listening
www.fonkoze.org
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