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C.S. Holling

Father of Resilience Theory

Austrian Cross for

Science and Art

Awards and Honors

Seven principles for building resilience in social-ecological systems:

1) Maintain diversity and redundancy

2) Manage connectivity

3) Manage slow variables and feed backs

4) Foster complex adaptive systems thinking

5) Encourage learning

6) Broaden participation

7) Promote polycentric governance systems

Ecology and Society

Editors –in- Chief

Carl Folke, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden

Lance Gunderson, Emory University, USA

Founding Editor- in- Chief

C.S. Holling

An electron journal

Peer- reviewed

Multidisciplinary

Devoted to the rapid dissemination of current research

Carl Folke and Lance Gunderson

Publications

Books

Three Memorable Points

Resiliency

Adaptability

Panarchy

Engineered Resilience Vs. Ecological Resilience comiteresources.net

b.wagner

Theoretical Framework

Behaviors of a system

The Basin of Attraction

Resilience

Four aspects:

1. Latitude: the maximum amount a system can be changed before losing it ability to recover

2. Resistance: the ease or difficulty of changing the system; how “resistant” it is to being changed

3. Precariousness: how close the current state of the system is to the limit

4. Panarchy: how the above three attributes are influenced by the state of dynamics of the system at scales above and below the scale of interest

Bayouwoman.com

b.wagner

Adaptability

Actors can:

1. Move the current state of a system away from or closer to the threshold

2. Make the threshold more difficult or easier to reach

3. Manage cross-scale interaction to avoid or generate loss of resilience

4. Managing for single state equilibrium can be a paradox mauricekerrigan.com

How Ecosystems Function:

The Adaptive Cycle

Ecology

Economics

Social Systems

Connectedness

Panarchy

Local Regional Global

Thoughts?

References

Resilience Alliance www.resalliance.org

Ecology and Society www.ecologyandsociety.org

Holling, C S. "Resilience And Stability Of Ecological Systems." Annual Review of Ecology and

Systematics (): 1-23. Print.

Holling, C. S.. "Cross-Scale Morphology, Geometry, and Dynamics of Ecosystems." Ecological

Monographs (): 447. Print.

Gunderson, Lance H.. Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems.

Washington, DC: Island Press, 2002. Print.

Holling, C. S.. Adaptive environmental assessment and management. Laxenburg, Austria:

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis ;, 1978. Print

Gunderson, Lance , C.S. Holling, L. Pritchard, and G.D. Peterson. ”Resilience” Encyclopedia of global change: environmental change and human society. Volume 2: The Earth system: biological and ecological dimension of global environmental change pg. 530-531.

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