# Latitude and Longitude

```KUQRTHAEEA
CAOONVL
USTNISMA
LIAH
DNOOART
UNRERICAH
AZRDHA
I am lost in the middle
of the Atlantic Ocean
oh no!
I have no food
or water and only have
one phone call
What do I do?
Location, Location, Location
Where do volcanoes
and earthquakes
occur?
Latitude and Longitude
• What is Latitude?
• What is Longitude?
• How do I use it?
Latitude and Longitude
Latitude
Longitude
A grid of lines is used to find the location of any place on the
surface of the Earth.
Lines of latitude run ACROSS.
Lines of longitude run UP & DOWN.
Latitude and Longitude
Latitude lines go ACROSS the earth
They tell us how far North or South we are from the EQUATOR
The EQUATOR is a line of LATITUDE in the middle of the
Earth
The Equator has a latitude of 0o
North
Latitude
South
Longitude
Latitude and Longitude
Longitude lines go UP and DOWN the earth
They tell us how far East and West we are from the
GREENWICH MERIDAN LINE
East
West
Latitude
Longitude
Pacific Ocean Centred Map
The Globe has
been turned 90°
East
So we can look at
the world
From a different
angle
Latitude
Longitude
Latitude and Longitude
ALWAYS
write these
first
Latitude
These are
lines of
latitude
N
Longitude
These are lines of longitude
The latitude of ‘a’ is
The longitude of ‘a’ is
º
º
…
…
Therefore we write the latitude and longitude of ‘a’ as
Latitude and Longitude
Remember the 6 point rule
Latitude
Longitude
1) Number
2) Unit
3) Direction
4) Number
5) Unit
6) Direction
Latitude
Longitude
True or False
• Volcanoes and earthquakes occur along the west coast
of North and South America
• Some places have earthquakes and not volcanoes
• Australia does have volcanoes and earthquakes
• There is an Indian Ring of Fire
• Volcanoes and earthquakes occur on plate boundaries
```

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