Chapter 11 Section 1 Europe’s Dramatic Landscape Europe’s Geography • The entire continent is a peninsula, sometimes called “the peninsula of peninsulas”. Europe’s Geography • Most places in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea. Peninsula •a body of land nearly surrounded by water. Europe’s Peninsula’s • Scandinavian Peninsula- juts out into the North Sea. The countries of Norway and Sweden are on it. Europe’s Peninsula’s • Iberian Peninsula- Extends into the Mediterranean Sea. Spain and Portugal are both on it. Europe’s Peninsula’s • Italian Peninsula- shaped like a boot and stretches into the Mediterranean Sea. Italy is the only country on it. Europe’s Peninsula’s • Balkan Peninsula- stretches into the Mediterranean and Aegean Sea. Many small countries are located here with Greece located at the southern point. Europe’s Mountains • The Alps- Europe’s tallest mountains. Stretches across eight countries in southern Europe. The Alps Europe’s Mountains • The Pyrenees- forms a natural barrier between Spain and France. Northern European Plain • Vast area of flat or gently rolling land from France to Russia. Europe’s Climate • The closeness to oceans on all sides of Europe keep the temperatures fairly mild compared to other locations of the same latitude. North Atlantic Drift • Current of water through the Atlantic Ocean carrying warm water that influences temperatures in Europe.