Neolithic Revolution

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Binder Check!!
Please have your binders on your desk. The 4
sections need to be labeled:
-Notes
-tests/quizzes
-Review
-Essays
If you are missing dividers get a 4th period class to get
some on Wednesday!
Tweety Tuesday
1st person writes three #hashtags
2nd person writes 3 sentences explaining the significance of ONE of
the #hashtags
Today’s Topic:
Watertown, NY
Taking Notes
I will give you guided note packets for the
year. This are full of information and must be
kept in your binders
Some slides you will need to take notes on,
others you wont. Pay attention to the upper
left hand corner for a pencil icon.
Write notes!!!
Slides with the pencil icon have blanks that you
must fill in, or questions that you must answer
on your note sheets.
No notes needed
Some slides are meant to increase your
understanding of a topic. These slides may
have a different activity but will not have notes.
If there is no pencil, you don’t need to take
notes, but must pay attention!
Ex: What was the note on the previous slide
you needed to complete?
Pencil
Global Studies 9
Who studies history?
Studying History
Many different groups of people study history:
-Archaeologists- find and analyze physical remains and artifacts
(objects made by humans)
-Anthropologists- study humans and the societies they created
-Geographists- study people, their environment and the
resources available to them.
Archaeology
Archaeologists study the human remains and artifacts from the past.
They also study the technology, or the skills and tools people used to
meet their basic needs.
Technology from pre-history often includes rough stone tools and
animal skin clothes.
Geography
Theme: Relationship between people,
places, and environments over time
Geography includes how we have
altered the environment to match
our needs
*Dams to slow water and prevent
floods
*Canals to transport goods quickly
*Irrigation ditches to water plants
*Terrace farming in the mountains
Geography
Theme: Relationship between people,
places, and environments over time
Geography also includes how the
environment affects humans
Can you think of a way our
environment affects us in
Northern NY?
Geography
We have 5 main ways we examine geography
Location
Longitude and Latitude
Place
The physical features such as
mountains, water, climate and
resources
Human environment
interaction
How we are and have shaped
the environment (dams)
Movement
Trade, Migration and cultural
diffusion
Region
Unifying characteristics that
unite a region
(Atlantic coast states)
2 Types of Maps
Topographic- the physical features of a place or region
Political- shows the borders of countries and nations
Hemispheres
The Earth is also split into several hemispheres: Northern and
Southern/ Western and Eastern
A Hemisphere is created by cutting the globe in half
Northern
Western
Eastern
Southern
Climate
What Climate zone does this picture represent?
Climate is the average weather in a region
Tropical
Near the equator; tropical
rainforests
Mid latitude
Variety of weather changes with
season. (North America and
Europe)
High latitude
Polar regions, very cold
Dry
Less than 10 inches rain/year; hot
during the day, cold at night
Review
A topographical map would most likely be used
to:
1.identify the major agricultural products of Egypt
2.determine the population of Beijing, China
3.estimate the elevation of Kabul, Afghanistan
4.count the number of provinces in India
Review
The study of people, their environment, and their resources
is:
1. archaeology
2. anthropology
3. geography
4. sociology
Pre-history
The time before written records
Early People
Evidence suggests the earliest humans came from East Africa
Humans then migrated to Europe and Asia
Migrate:
the movement of
people from one area
to another
Paleolithic Age
Paleolithic means Old Stone Age. Humans in this time had very simple
tools made of stone.
Hunters and Gatherers- food came from hunting animals and
gathering berries and fruits as they ripened
People were nomads- moving to follow herds and plant ripening
The Climate was very cold, the world was mostly covered in glaciers,
or large sheets of ice
After reading the image below, what was the “thing” they were
making?
Life in Paleolithic Age
It was difficult to survive in the cold weather. Nomadic groups of 20-30
banded together, taking shelter in caves during the cold seasons
Usually men hunted while women and children gathered.
Most people died before the age of 30
Cave Art depicts animals that were hunted
Prehistory:
The time before written
Records
How can we study Pre-history if there are no written
records?
Archaeologist evidence
The Paleolithic era is part of prehistorybefore writing
To study events from so long ago we
use artifacts and human remains
Archaeologists have discovered many
graves with tools, pots, supplies and
human remains.
Artifact:
Objects made by
humans
Science and Technology
Theme: Tools and methods used by people
to get what they need and want
What types of technology did Paleolithic people have?
Stone arrow heads for hunting
Pots for cooking
Baskets for gathering
Review
Sketch a scene of life in the Paleolithic Age
Neolithic Revolution
Revolution= Change
Around 10,000 years ago early people began to
change from hunting and gathering to farming and
herding.
This period is known as the Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic Revolution
Hunters
and
Gatherers
Nomadic
migration
• Planted crops
• Domesticated
animals
• Settled in one area
• Permanent homes
constructed
Change and Turning Points
Theme: Basic alterations in
events, things and ideas
What is the basic alteration of the Neolithic
Revolution?
Humans stopped migrating and
settled in one place.
Life in Neolithic Age
Villages are established
Read “The
Changing
Ways
of
Some groups domesticated animals in
closed pens, others herded
them to on page 12 of
Life”
green pastures.
your
blue
books
The rank of men increased over women
(under the desk)
Women took care of home, men farmed
and took care of animals
Effects of the Neolithic
Revolution
People lived longer
Steady source of food increased
Population increased
Civilizations started to develop
Compare and Contrast
Paleolithic
Neolithic
Skara Brae
Read pages 11-12 to learn about Skara Brae, an ancient village
that developed during the Neolithic Revolution.
1) Explain why cooperation would be essential to survival in
Neolithic Villages like Skara Brae
2) Identify two forms of technology the people of Skara Brae
developed. What was one they were missing?
Effects
What types of changes do you think occurred
because of the Neolithic Revolution?
-Surplus food
Increase
-improved health
population
-permanent shelters
-women’s status declines
-Trade and interaction
Crash Course: Neolithic
Revolution
As the video plays write down 3 things about the Neolithic
Revolution and how it changed life
Villages Cities  Civilizations
As the population increased,
villages became cities, and soon
cities developed into Civilizations
Features of Civilizations
Civilizations all have 8 basic features
1) Cities
2) Well-organized central governments
3) Complex religions
4) Job specialization
5) Social classes
6) Arts and architecture
7) Public works
8) Writing
Cities
As farmers were able to produce surplus food populations grew.
Villages became cities as their populations continued to grow.
Organized Government
Governments were responsible for
During
-issuing laws
the Paleolithic Age
governments were led by the tribe
-collecting taxes
elders, who had the most
-ensuring a steady and
experience.
sufficient
food supply In the Neolithic Age
-organizingWarrior
defense Kings fought to gain and
maintain power
Bureaucracy developed: officials
. would oversee various duties such as
farming production, animal husbandry,
road repair
Complex Religions
Most ancient religions were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods.
Many gods were based around nature such as Sun gods, river goddesses, and
animal spirits. Others were based around human activities such as war gods.
To appease the gods people built temples and made sacrifices. Priests were
specially trained in rituals, knowledge and ceremonies to keep the favor of the gods.
Job Specialization
As cities continued to grow, so did their “To-do-list”. Urban people
developed numerous skills to help them maintain their cities and evolving
lifestyles:
-Artisans were skilled craft workers who made pottery, tools, and
other goods.
-Bricklayers built city walls and buildings
-Soldiers defended cities
-Farmers worked the land
Social Classes
People were ranked according to their jobs.
Nobles- wealthy
families with ties to
the king
Priests and nobles
Wealthy merchants
Artisans
Peasant farmers
Slaves
Label the pyramid
on your papers
Egyptian Social classes
Arts and Architecture
To emphasize the power of the government, the rulers would commission
grand buildings such as temples and palaces.
Public Works
Rulers would order projects to benefit the city by protecting it from attack
and ensuring a steady food supply. Such projects included irrigation
What
is the
purpose
systems,
roads,
bridges,
and defensive walls.
of the system
pictured to the right?
Irrigation- bringing
water to the plants
away from the
water source
Writing
Writing has developed over time from pictograms to letters.
Pictograms are simple drawings that show the words they represent. In
time symbols were added for ideas that could not easily be drawn.
Would scribes be in
a low, mid or high
social class? Why?
Only a select few, called scribes,
learned to read and write.
Scribe: people
who learned to
read and write
Review
What social class would it be unlikely for a Scribe to
come from?
1) Priests
2) Nobles
3) Merchants
4) Farmers
Review
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the
Neolithic Age?
1) Villages
2) Farming
3) Nomads
4) Job Specialization
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