Nationalism in India

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Nationalism in India
BY:
Courtney Gallagher &
Chantal Brown
INTRODUCTION
The British empire which controlled
India began to weaken. This brought
nationalist activity in India, Turkey,
and in some southwest Asian
countries. Indians who attended
British schools learned European
views of nationalism and
democracy. They applied these
ideas to their countries.
Indian Nationalism grows
World War One Increases.
– Rowlatt Acts: allowed government to jail
protestors with out trial for as long as two
years.
Amristar Massacre
– Killing by British troops of nearly 400
Indians gathered at Amristar to protest
the Rowlatt Acts. 1,200 were wounded.
Gandhi
QuickTime™ and a
TIFF ( Uncompressed) decompr essor
are needed to see this pictur e.
This is Mohandas K.
Gandhi. Gandhi had a
strategy which was a
deeply religious
approach to political
activity. His teachings
had ideas from all of
the major world
religions. Gandhi
attracted many
followers. They then
began calling him the
Mahatma, this means
Salt March
QuickTime™ and a
TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
This picture is Gandhi
leading the Salt March.
It was in 1930 to go
against the Salt Acts.
Because of these laws,
Indians could buy salt
from no other source,
but the government
and had to pay sale tax
on salt. To show this
they walked about 240
miles to the seacoast.
There they made their
own salt by collecting
sea water and letting it
evaporate.
Gandhi’s Tactics of
Nonviolence
•Mohandas K. Gandhi
– the leader of the independence movement.He had a
religious approach to political activity, and took ideas
from Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and
Christianity.
•Civil Disobedience
– a deliberate and public refusal to obey a law to
considered unjust
• Boycotts
– he called on Indians to refuse to buy British goods,
attend government schools, pay British taxes, or vote in
elections.
– He told Indians to do things for themselves.
Continuation of Gandhi’s
Nonviolence.
• Strikes and Demonstrations.
– British had trouble keeping trains running, factories operating
and over crowded jails from bursting.
– Protests also led to riots.
• The salt march.
– salt march - a peaceful protest against the salt acts in 1930 in
India which Gandhi led his followers on a 240 mile walk to the
sea, where they made their own salt, from evaporating sea
water.
- Planned a march to a site where the British government
processes salt.
- More demonstrations against the salt tax and it took place
throughout India, eventually about 60,000 people were
arrested, including Gandhi.
This political
cartoon shows
Gandhi putting all
of his focus on
India while
creating chaos in
India.
Britain Grants Limited SelfRule
- Gandhi, and followers
gained greater political
power for India
- In 1935 British
parliament passed the
government of India Act.
India Finally Gained
Independence.
They got independence on August 15,
1947. India became the world
largest democracy. Jawaharlal
Nehru was Indians first prime minister.
Nehru was India's leader for the first
17 years of independence. He was
one of Gandhi’s most committed
followers.
CONCLUSION
In conclusion nationalism in India
brought many prosperous things to
the people. They grow to out power
the British with the new ideas and
creations brought about by Gandhi.
Without these new enlightenment
ideas India would not have their selfrule.
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