Nationalism in India BY: Courtney Gallagher & Chantal Brown INTRODUCTION The British empire which controlled India began to weaken. This brought nationalist activity in India, Turkey, and in some southwest Asian countries. Indians who attended British schools learned European views of nationalism and democracy. They applied these ideas to their countries. Indian Nationalism grows World War One Increases. – Rowlatt Acts: allowed government to jail protestors with out trial for as long as two years. Amristar Massacre – Killing by British troops of nearly 400 Indians gathered at Amristar to protest the Rowlatt Acts. 1,200 were wounded. Gandhi QuickTime™ and a TIFF ( Uncompressed) decompr essor are needed to see this pictur e. This is Mohandas K. Gandhi. Gandhi had a strategy which was a deeply religious approach to political activity. His teachings had ideas from all of the major world religions. Gandhi attracted many followers. They then began calling him the Mahatma, this means Salt March QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. This picture is Gandhi leading the Salt March. It was in 1930 to go against the Salt Acts. Because of these laws, Indians could buy salt from no other source, but the government and had to pay sale tax on salt. To show this they walked about 240 miles to the seacoast. There they made their own salt by collecting sea water and letting it evaporate. Gandhi’s Tactics of Nonviolence •Mohandas K. Gandhi – the leader of the independence movement.He had a religious approach to political activity, and took ideas from Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. •Civil Disobedience – a deliberate and public refusal to obey a law to considered unjust • Boycotts – he called on Indians to refuse to buy British goods, attend government schools, pay British taxes, or vote in elections. – He told Indians to do things for themselves. Continuation of Gandhi’s Nonviolence. • Strikes and Demonstrations. – British had trouble keeping trains running, factories operating and over crowded jails from bursting. – Protests also led to riots. • The salt march. – salt march - a peaceful protest against the salt acts in 1930 in India which Gandhi led his followers on a 240 mile walk to the sea, where they made their own salt, from evaporating sea water. - Planned a march to a site where the British government processes salt. - More demonstrations against the salt tax and it took place throughout India, eventually about 60,000 people were arrested, including Gandhi. This political cartoon shows Gandhi putting all of his focus on India while creating chaos in India. Britain Grants Limited SelfRule - Gandhi, and followers gained greater political power for India - In 1935 British parliament passed the government of India Act. India Finally Gained Independence. They got independence on August 15, 1947. India became the world largest democracy. Jawaharlal Nehru was Indians first prime minister. Nehru was India's leader for the first 17 years of independence. He was one of Gandhi’s most committed followers. CONCLUSION In conclusion nationalism in India brought many prosperous things to the people. They grow to out power the British with the new ideas and creations brought about by Gandhi. Without these new enlightenment ideas India would not have their selfrule.