Emergency and
Non-Emergency Moves
One of the most dangerous threats to a seriously
injured person is unnecessary movement
You should move a person only in the following
three situations:
– When you are faced with immediate danger
(e.g., fire).
– When you must get to another person who may
have a more serious injury or illness.
– When you must move the person to give proper
To avoid hurting yourself or the injured person:
– use your legs, not your back, when you bend
– Bend at the knees and hips and avoid twisting
your body
– Avoid twisting or bending anyone who you think
has a possible head, neck or back injury
Clothes Drag
Gather the patient’s clothing behind his or her neck.
While moving the patient, cradle the head with his or
her clothes and your hands.
Pull the patient to safety
Blanket Drag
Keep the patient between you and the blanket.
Gather half the blanket and place it against the
patient’s side.
Roll the patient toward you as a unit.
Reach over the patient and place the blanket under
the patient.
Roll the patient onto the blanket.
Gather the blanket at the head and move the patient
to safety
Foot Drag
Firmly grasp the patient’s ankles and move backward
Pull the patient in a straight line and be careful not to
bump his or her head
Four-handed seat
This technique is for
carrying conscious and
alert victims moderate
The victim must be able to
stand unsupported and
hold themselves upright
during transport
Two-handed seat
This technique is for carrying a victim longer
This technique can support an unconscious victim.
Chair carry
This is a good method for carrying victims up and
down stairs or through narrow or uneven areas
Hammock carry
Three-person carry or stretcher lift
Assess what equipment you have to improvise a
A good stretcher:
Is stable.
Can be tipped over without the patient falling out.
Keeps the patient safe and does not make the
patient’s injuries worse.
Will not injure the person carrying it
Makes the person feel safe and comfortable
Can be controlled from both ends at the same time.
When carrying a stretcher………..
Blanket stretcher
Improvised stretcher
Helping a Person in Trouble in the
Out-of-water assists are safer for the responder
Reach out to the person with a hand, foot, clothing,
stick, paddle or anything that allows you to remain
safely on land or in a boat
If the water is safe and
shallow enough, you can
wade in to reach the victim
Wade into the water and
extend the object to the
Throw something that floats to the person so he or
she can hold on to it.
You can also throw a rope and tow the person to
Row to the person, or get to the person in some sort
of watercraft, using reaching or throwing devices as
“Go” is ONLY appropriate for good swimmers with
water rescue training and when it is possible to safely
reach the victim.
How to Treat a Spinal Injury Victim
Spinal injuries can lead to permanent disability and
Knowing how to properly treat someone who has had
a spinal injury can lower the risks of damaging the
spinal cord.
Spinal cord injuries can cause long-term, irreversible
damage and death
1- Know when a person is at risk of a
spinal cord injury
Victim reports severe pain in neck or back.
Victim cannot or will not move neck.
Victim has fallen on, or has suffered trauma to the
back, neck or head.
Head trauma with ongoing effects on consciousness.
Loss of bladder or bowel control.
Paralysis, weakness, or numbness of limbs.
Neck or back is at an unnatural angle.
2- Call for emergency services
Medical professionals will be better able to assess
and manage potential spinal injuries, and will have
backboards and special equipment for moving people
with these injuries
3- Do not move the victim
Do not move the victim unless he is in immediate
danger of further injury or you need to open an
airway for them to breathe
4- Stabilize the victim
If the victim must be moved
Pull them by their clothing
– Grab a shirt collar and use your forearms to
support their head while pulling the body in a
straight line.
Pull the victim with their feet or shoulders
– Use both feet, both shoulders, or both arms pulled
over the shoulders.
Use at least two people if you must roll a victim over
Thanks for your attention
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