Farrowing unit Jytte Jochumsen Lactating sows 95 % 5% Danish legislation Lactating sows • Nest-building material • Castration: 2 - 7 days after birth • Tail-docking: 2 - 4 days after birth • Tooth grinding: 0 – 4 days after birth • Enrichment material • Weaning age (28 days / 21 days) Lactating sows • Increasing sow size – 20 % heavier – 10 % longer • Weaning age up from 4 to 5 weeks • 12.5 live born/litter Lactating sows Crate size • Old recommendations – 160 x 260 cm • New Recommendations – 180 x 270 cm Lactating sows • Sows farrowing in loose housing Countdown to farrowing. at least one week before expected farrowing date - to a clean , disinfected and dry farrowing pen - heating lamps Farrowing - normally last 2-3 hours (0,5 – 10 hours) - obstetric assistance. Page 94 - litter adjustment, if necassary Treatment of piglets -colostrum. (antibodies). - iron supplement ( powder, paste, jelly or injection) - castration - tooth polishing, if necessary - tail docking - ear marking Piglets -dry feed at the floor from the second week after farrowing - fresh and clean water from the second week of their lives Recipe for an electrolyte solution - 25 grams of glucose - 9 grams of common salt - 2 spoon of fruit juice - 1 litre of boiled water 1-1,5 litre of electrolyte solution per litter is required twice a day. This must be made on a daily basis. An essentiel reguirement for Succes is good hygiene. Lactating sow • 1 kg mix = 1,07 – 1,1 FU • High milk production • No weight loos • Feed the piglets through the sow • Water reguirement for sow 25-35 litres Feeding of sows Mastitis, metritis and agalactia Cause: Unknown Symptoms of importance: Aglactia. Loss of appetite, Constipation, abnorm vaginal dischange, swollen Mammary glands and fever Treatment: Antibiotics and oxytocin Combating and prevention: Good hygiene at farrowing (clean well-littered pens) Diet prior to farrowing.