RFID 技术(马鲁玛县图书馆)

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RFID
Multnomah County Library
R F I D 技术
马鲁玛县图书馆
A Case Study:
个案研究
2009 – 2010
RFID: Definition 定义
RFID = Radio Frequency Identification
无线电频率监定
RFID: Definition 定义
RFID is used to track items in a system.
用来跟踪系统中的项目:
RFID technology has two parts:
RFID 技术有两部份:
1. Tags 标签
2. Readers 阅读器
Why RFID in Libraries
为甚麽要在图书馆用RFID?
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Millions of items 藏书量庞大
High circulation 流通性高
Space issues 地方问题
Staff physical limits 员工体力限制
Patron expectations 读者期望
Missing items 遗失刊物, 书籍等
RFID Advantages 优点
Materials movement efficiencies
材料运送效率提高
 Staff time better used
 更善用员工时间
 Reduces repetitive stress injuries
 减低因重覆性动作而受伤
 Reduces loss
 减少遗失, 损失
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Library Profile 图书馆简介
19 library locations 十九所分馆
1 administration building –座行政大厦
500 staff 五百名员工
100 volunteers 一百位义工
Circulation – 23 million 流通量: 二千三百万美元
Budget – 64 million 财政预算: 六千四百万美元
MCL Project Scope 项目范围
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Convert existing collection to RFID
转换现有的馆藏到RFID
All new materials purchased RFID-ready
新买图书全有RFID预备
Install new check-out machines
安装新的借书机件
Install security gates
安装安全门
MCL Project – Not included
项目范围--不包括以下:
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Automated sorting
自动分配
Building renovation
建筑装修
New facilities
新建筑物
Mobile services
移动服务
MCL Project Timeline 项目时间表
April 2009: Hire Project Manager 聘请项目主任
June: Select vendors 挑选供应商
July – Sept: Planning 计划
Oct – Feb 2010:
Implementation Part 1 - Central Library
实施 - 第一期 -- 中央图书馆
Mar – October:
Implementation Part 2 – Branches
实施 - 第二期 -- 其他分馆
MCL Project Support 项目支援
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Special funding from County
县有特别款项
Identified & supported as a top priority by
library management
图书馆高层视为第一优先
Project Facts & Figures
项目事实及数字
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Cost: $3 million USD 用款: 三百万美金
2 million items 二百万馆藏
Staff: 员工
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1 project manager (FT) 一全职项目主任
7 project leads (PT) 七位半职负责带领人
all staff contributed some time
所有员工都有不同的贡献
Summary of Approach 总结方法
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Steering team with Project Manager
主任跟小组合作
Functional teams with team leaders
职能团队及领导人
Convert existing collection
转换现有馆藏
Vendors pre-tag new acquisitions
供应商为新书先作标记
Leadership & principles 领导及原则
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Distributed leadership分布式领导
Steering team with Project Manager
主任及指导小组
Functional teams with team leaders
职能团队及领导人
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Conversion 转换
Security 安全措施
Check-out machines 借书机件
Communication & Training 沟通及培训
Conversion – Central
转换 -- 中央图书馆
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Convert Central first 先从中央开始
Largest collection 藏书量最大
More staff 员工最多
Conversion – Branches
转换 --分馆
Branches convert one at a time
做完一分馆才开始另一分馆
 When fully converted to RFID, install
checkout machines and security gates
全部转换後才安装借书机及安全门
 Branches convert all items that pass through
分馆转换交回的书籍及其他项目
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New items 新购项目
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Vendors pre-tag new acquisitions
所有新购项目由供应商把标签预备
Many library vendors new to RFID
RFID对很多供应商是一种新技术
Experiments & tests
试验及探讨
Security 安全措施
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Security gates at all locations
所有馆址都装有安全门
Non confrontational attitude
用非对抗性的态度对待读者
Check-out stations 借书站
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Improved self check-out
改进自助借书站
Fewer mistakes
减少出错
Multiple items
可以同时处理多件项目
Interface in multiple languages
介面可用多种语言
Communication & Training
沟通及训练
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Merged two teams
联合两组
Intranet
内联网
Weekly email updates
每周电邮发新消息
Lessons Learned 经验教训
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Staff: job security, extra work
员工: 事业安全保障, 增加工作量
Patrons: privacy, health concerns
读者: 私隐, 健康关注
Not everyone will cooperate
不是每个人都会合作
Lessons Learned 经验教训
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Tags are getting cheaper fast. Don’t order in
large quantities.
标签愈来愈平宜, 不用大批订货
Combination of tagging stations
不同的标签站 -- 适应性不同的要求
Lessons Learned 经验教训
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Move book returns outside of gates
将还书处移到安全门外面
Educate staff about loss prevention
教导员工关於防盗知识
Develop policy for patrons who remove tags
研制有关读者挪开标签的政策
Vendors 供应商
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Biblioteca
Millennium
Ingram
Midwest Tapes
Next ? 下一步
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Vacation 假期
Sort center 挑选中心
Offsite facility 异地设施
Contact Information 通讯 资料
Brandon A. Barnett, MLS
Electronic Resources Librarian 电子资源图书馆员
Multnomah County Library, Oregon
[email protected]
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