Slide 1 - Knowledge on Line

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CURRENT MILITARY AIMS AND
STRATEGIES
• LONG RANGE BALANCE
OF POWER
CONSIDERATIONS IN THE
ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.
• TO GUARANTEE SEA
BORNE ACCESS TO
SUPPLY AND ROUTES OF
TRADE
PEOPLE’S LIBERATION
ARMY
PLA ORGANISATION
• CENTRAL MILITARY
COMMISSION




PLA-ARMY
PLA- NAVY
PLA-AIRFORCE
SECOND ARTILLERY
FORCE
• MILITARY REGION
• GP ARMIES (CORPS
EQUIVALENT)
PLA DOCTRINE
•LIMITED WAR UNDER
HIGH TECHNOLOGY
CONDITIONS.
• ACTIVE DEFENCE.
• RAPID REACTION
FORCES.
PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY-NAVY
PLA-N ORGANISATION
• THREE FLEETS
– NORTH SEA
– EAST SEA
– SOUTH SEA
• 700 SHIPS, 75
SUBMARINES AND
500 COMBAT
AIRCRAFTS
PLA-N MODERNISATION
• PURCHASED RUSSIAN
KILO CLASS SUBMARINES
• ADDITION OF NEW
INDIGENOUSLY BUILT
DESTROYERS, FRIGATES,
SUPPLY SHIPS & LANDING
CRAFTS.
• MODERN ANTI SUBMARINE
AND ANTI AIRCRAFT
SYSTEMS.
NAVAL FORCE PROJECTION STRATEGY
• IMMEDIATE
– TO DOMINATE SEAS ON HER
BORDERS.
– TO WREST CONTROL OVER
ENTIRE SOUTH CHINA SEA,
TAIWAN & EAST CHINA SEA.
• SUBSEQUENT
– TO DOMINATE SLOC IN
EASTERN INDIAN OCEAN &
WEST PACIFIC.
– POWER PROJECTION IN INDIAN
OCEAN & WEST PACIFIC.
PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY
AIR FORCE
CMC
PLAAF HQ
5000 COMBAT AIRCRAFTS
1000 SAM SYSTEMS
THREE AIRBORNE DIVS
24 ANTI AIRCRAFT DIVS
THE PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY AIR FORCE
MODERNISATION PLAN
NEW ACQUISITIONS
SU-30
SU-27
J-10
J-8
UPGRADATIONS
J-7
NUCLEAR STATUS
CHINESE NUCLEAR CAPABILITY
DOCTRINE
•NO FIRST USE
•NON-USE AGAINST NON NUCLEAR NATIONS
•DETER OTHER NUCLEAR POWERS BY
MAINTAINING STRATEGIC NUCLEAR
CAPABILITIES
CAPABILITY
•DELIVERY TRIAD OF ICBM,
SLBM AND AIR LAUNCHED
•TYPES SHORT, MEDIUM,
LONG RANGE AND
INTERCONTINENTAL
Thousands
COMPARISON FORCES CHINA VIS-À-VIS
INDIA AND USA
1600
1,500
1,200
980
900
600
470
420
370
362
250
300
175
140
53
1.2
10
0
ARMY
NAVY
AIRFORCE
MARINES
INDIA
980,000
53000
140000
1200
CHINA
1600000
250000
420000
10000
USA
470000
370000
362000
175000
COMPARISON MAJOR EQUIPMENT :
ARMY
24000
15,000
13000
12,000
9,000
9200
8000
6,000
5000
4500
3,500
3000
2500
3,000
4000
2000
200
1000
1500
225 250
35 60
0
TANKS
AIFV / APC
ARTY SP
ARTY TOWED
HEPTRS UTILITY HEPTRS ARMED
INDIA
3,500
2500
200
4500
225
35
CHINA
9200
5000
1000
13000
250
60
USA
8000
24000
3000
2000
4000
1500
COMPARISON OF NAVIES : PRINCIPAL
SURFACE COMBATANTS AND SUBMARINES
80
80
69
70
60
54
50
41
40
27
30
20
37
21
16
13
12
7
10
1
0
0
0
0
SUBMARINES
AC CARRIER
DESTROYERS
FRIGATES
CRUISERS
INDIA
16
1
7
13
0
CHINA
69
0
21
41
0
USA
80
12
54
37
27
COMPARISON OF AIR FORCES
2600
1,500
1,250
950
1,000
830
680
750
547
520
500
208
250
0
205
133 170
50
0
6
220
12
LONG RANGE BOMBERS
TAC / RECCE / COMD /
ELINT
TRANSPORT
TANKERS
HEPTRS
INDIA
0
680
205
6
133
CHINA
50
950
520
12
170
USA
208
2600
830
547
220
THREAT : LAND
• PLA’S FORMIDABILITY INCREASING AT A RAPID PACE
• EMPHASIS ON INTEGRATED EMPLOYMENT OF AIR,
HELICOPTER AND AIRBORNE / SPECIAL FORCES
TRAINED IN NBC IN SIMULTANEOUS DEEP BATTLE
• MASSIVE IMPROVEMENT IN LOGISTICS
INFRASTRUCTURE
• RADICAL UPGRADATION OF OFFENSIVE CAPABILITY
DUE IMPROVEMENT IN COMD AND CONT,
SURVEILLANCE AND OFFENSIVE AIR SUPPORT
CAPABILITY
MAJOR AND FORMIDABLE THREAT BY 2015 / 2020
THREAT : MARITIME
RAPID UPGRADATION OF CAPABILITY INCLUDING A
CARRIER TASKFORCE WITHIN A DECADE
CHINESE NAVAL STRATEGY CONSIDERS INDIA AS
PRINCIPLE ADVERSARY WHEN CHINA PROJECTS NAVAL
FORCE ACROSS MALACCA STRAITS
THREAT : AIR

ACQUISITION OF MODERN AIRCRAFTS, MID AIR
REFUELLING CAPABILITY AND EXTENSION OF
RUNWAYS IN TIBET
 CAPABILITY TO THREATEN EASTERN PART OF
INDIAN HINTERLAND INCLUDING MOST OF
EASTERN SEA COAST
NUCLEAR
THREAT
•NUC MSLS
LOC IN TIBET
ABILITY TO HIT
ALL PARTS OF
THE GLOBE
WHAT DOES ALL THIS MEAN TO INDIA
 NO IMMEDIATE MILITARY THREAT
 BY 2015 / 2020 A MODERNISED AND
ECONOMICALLY STRONGER CHINA LIKELY TO
FLEX THEIR MUSCLES
INDIAN FORCE DEVELOPMENT MUST CATER
FOR A CREDIBLE DETERRENCE CAPABILITY
VIS-À-VIS A STRONGER CHINA
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