Catch Your Attention Lecture (hopefully)

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Hansen
U.S. History
Name _____________________
Period _________
Desert Storm- An Introduction to U.S. History
Note-Taking Guide
► The Rise of Extremism in ___________
•
Many Arab Middle-Eastern Nations sided with _____________in World
War II. Why?
–
They had been under ________________________
_______________________________ for years and Germany
was fighting these enemies and, at least at first, whooping them.
This was a chance to get even with those damned
_________________.
•
In Iraq, many Arabs were impressed by the Nazi’s
_______________________________. They set up the ___________
party as a model of the Nazi party
–
A decade after World War II, the Baath party
_________________________in Iraq. Soon, _______________
had risen to the top of the Baath party, as the fearsome and
violent dictator of Iraq
► Iraq’s Significance
•
Arab Middle Eastern Countries
(such as Iraq) grew in global
importance during the 20th Century
on account of ____________________________
► Saddam’s Desire for Kuwait
•
By Conquering Kuwait, a tiny postage-stamp of a country, Saddam could
perhaps become _______ ____________________________________
_________________and a major world player
•
He invaded Kuwait in _________
► America No Like-y
•
As the world’s largest ______________________, the U.S. was not
interested in letting a foreign country with a _______________
____________________ control a huge chunk of the world’s oil
–
Iraq could then _____________ by threatening our economy
► Problem- Iraqi Army was the _____largest army in
the world
•
•
•
•
•
Iraqis were ______________________________________ conflict
Had __________ soldiers (U.S. had about ____________)
Had latest ________Tanks (T-72) and latest _______fighter planes
Iraqi Air Defenses
–
______fighter planes
–
_____ anti-aircraft guns
–
_______ Surface to Air missiles
–
_____________________ ringing the country
Decision made to ________ Iraq
► U.S. Strike- Part I Air Attack
•
•
•
Goal- Disable enemy __________________________________ structure
U.S. Helicopters
–
Flew into Iraqi air space at night, flying _____ feet off the ground
with no ________
–
Utilized satellite, radar, and ____data to fly this low with no lights
–
Destroyed a 20 mile line of radar stations ___________________
(to give no warning)
U.S. ___________________________ as well as cruise missiles fired at
key military targets in Iraq
–
Invisible to Iraqi _____________
–
U.S. sent up __________planes too, to reflect ________.
• When Iraqis fired on these decoy planes, the U.S. fired
missiles that could trace the enemy missiles _________
____________________________and thus blow up the
anti-aircraft weapons
• Iraqis stopped __________ radar
► (Air Strike Continued)
–
•
•
U.S. bombers and cruise missiles were laser and radar-guided
• In WWII the average bomb landed ___________ from
its target
• In Vietnam, before the first laser guided bombs,
___________from the target
• In Desert Storm in Iraq, ____________from target
–
Some U.S. missiles even had optical scanners that compared
the passing terrain to previous satellite images, and thus
________________________________’ to their targets
Bombing against Baghdad (most ___________________________
__________________________ by air) and Iraqi military forces
continued for 6 weeks
Iraqis tried to bury their tanks ___________________ to avoid
airstrikes, but the U.S. could see the tanks on
______________________________________and destroyed 1300 of
them from the air
–
Many Iraqis refused to even get ________________after that
► U.S. Strike Part II- Ground Attack
•
U.S. armored columns rolled into Kuwait
–
They fired 45 pound shells that were guided by laser and
radar, from gun turrets that were______________ and
___________________ guided, so they could be fired from a
tank moving near top speed and be devastatingly accurate
–
The shells were tipped with
________________________________that could penetrate
any of the enemy armor
–
The U.S shot to kill ratio on enemy armored vehicles was
better than 1 kill for every _______shots
•
When the enemy fired artillery, the U.S. could return fire with
technology that __________________________________
_________________________________________and destroyed the
enemy artillery
•
U.S. ground forces were guided by GPS and also by hovering
command-post planes and ______________________________to tell
them where they were and where the enemy was
•
_________________________enemy soldiers surrendered in the first
four days of the attack
► U.S. Strike Part III- A Turkey Shoot
•
•
•
Iraqi forces _______ Kuwait
There were only ________roads out
The U.S. delivered air strikes against these roads, destroying
__________armored vehicles
► The End Result
•
•
•
By the time the last Iraqis left Kuwait and the U.S. declared ceasefire, the
U.S. had had ____ of its soldiers killed out of strike force of over 500,000.
–
And ¼ of these casualties were from …
• __________________________
Statistics showed that an American male was more likely to be injured
___________________________________., than serving in Desert Storm
The U.S. rate of killed in action was .03%, ______________________
than the KIA rate of the Germans invading France in 1940 (a battle
considered one of the greatest routes of all time IN FAVOR OF the
Germans)
► My Question To You (and your first night’s
homework)
•
Why did I start the course this way? Give several
possible reasons.
–
–
–
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
Desert Storm- An Introduction to U.S. History
The Rise of Extremism in Iraq
• Many Arab Middle-Eastern Nations sided
with the Nazis in World War II. Why?
– They had been under British and French
imperial control for years and Germany was
fighting these enemies and, at least at first,
whooping them. This was a chance to get even
with those damned imperialists.
• In Iraq, many Arabs were impressed by the
Nazi’s efficient, ruthless rule
– They set up the Baath party as a model of the
Nazi party
– A decade after World War II, the Baath party
took power in Iraq. Soon, Saddam Hussein had
risen to the top of the Baath party, as the
fearsome and violent dictator of Iraq
Iraq’s Significance
• Arab Middle Eastern
Countries (such as Iraq)
grew in Global
importance during the 20th
Century on account of
their oil reserves
Saddam’s Desire for Kuwait
• By Conquering
Kuwait, a tiny
postage-stamp of
a country,
Saddam could
perhaps become
the dominant
military power in
the Middle East
and a major
world player
• He invaded
Kuwait in 1990
America No Like-y
• As the world’s largest consumer of oil, the
U.S. was not interested in letting a foreign
country with a maniacal dictator control a
huge chunk of the world’s oil
– Iraq could then manipulate us by threatening
our economy
Problem- Iraqi Army was the 4th
largest army in the world
• Iraqis were veterans of the Iran-Iraq conflict
• Had 900,000 soldiers (U.S. had about 650,000)
• Had latest Soviet Tanks (T-72) and latest Soviet
fighter planes
• Iraqi Air Defenses
–
–
–
–
700 fighter planes
7000 anti-aircraft guns
1600 Surface to Air missiles
Radar stations ringing the country
• Decision made to attack Iraq
U.S. Strike- Part I Air Attack
•
•
•
Goal- Disable enemy command and communication structure
U.S. Helicopters
– Flew into Iraqi air space at night, flying 75 feet off the ground with no
lights
– Utilized satellite, radar, and GPS data to fly this low with no lights
– Destroyed a 20 mile line of radar stations simultaneously (to give no
warning)
U.S. stealth bombers as well as cruise missiles fired at key military targets
in Iraq
– Invisible to Iraqi radar
– U.S. sent up decoy planes too, to reflect radar.
• When Iraqis fired on these decoy planes, the U.S. fired missiles
that could trace the enemy missiles back to their source of origin
and thus blow up the anti-aircraft weapons
• Iraqis stopped using radar
– U.S. bombers and cruise missiles were laser and radar-guided
• In WWII the average bomb landed 2300 ft from its target
• In Vietnam, before the first laser guided bombs, 447 ft from the
target
• In Desert Storm in Iraq, 23 ft from target
– Some U.S. missiles even had optical scanners that compared the
passing terrain to previous satellite images, and thus ‘flew themselves’
to their targets
Part I. Air Strikes (cont.)
• Bombing against Baghdad (most heavily
defended city ever attacked by air) and Iraqi
military forces continued for 6 weeks
• Iraqis tried to bury their tanks in the sand to
avoid airstrikes, but the U.S. could see the
tanks on their heat-seeking scopes and
destroyed 1300 of them from the air
– Many Iraqis refused to even get in their tanks after
that
U.S. Strike Part II- Ground Attack
• U.S. armored columns rolled into Kuwait
– They fired 45 pound shells that were guided by laser and radar,
from gun turrets that were gyroscopic and computer guided, so
they could be fired from a tank moving near top speed and be
devastatingly accurate
– The shells were tipped with depleted uranium that could penetrate
any of the enemy armor
– The U.S shot to kill ratio on enemy armored vehicles was better
than 1 kill for every two shots
• When the enemy fired artillery, the U.S. could return fire
with technology that traced bullets back to their origin and
destroyed the enemy artillery
• U.S. ground forces were guided by GPS and also by
hovering command-post planes and satellite images to tell
them where they were and where the enemy was
• 80,000 enemy soldiers surrendered in the first four days of
the attack
U.S. Strike Part III- A Turkey Shoot
• Iraqi forces fled Kuwait
• There were only two roads out
• The U.S. delivered air strikes against these roads,
destroying 1900 armored vehicles
• A journalist who toured the road later said: “…in the
middle of the road was a medium-sized flatbed truck
that had been bombed and roasted. There were ten
bodies… and all of them had been cooked to the point of
carbonization, leaving shriveled, naked mummies; black
charcoaled husks with bare rictus grins and hands that
had become claws. Their skin was stretched taut and
shiny, heatshrunk over their skulls.”
The End Result
• By the time the last Iraqis left Kuwait and the U.S.
declared ceasefire, the U.S. had had 147 of its soldiers
killed out of strike force of over 500,000.
– And ¼ of these casualties were from …
• Friendly fire
• Statistics showed that an American male was more likely
to be injured at home in the U.S., than serving in Desert
Storm
• The U.S. rate of killed in action was .03%, 20 x times
lower than the KIA rate of the Germans invading France
in 1940 (a battle considered one of the greatest routes of
all time IN FAVOR OF the Germans)
► The Rise of Extremism in ___________
•
Many Arab Middle-Eastern Nations sided with _____________in
World War II. Why?
–
They had been under ________________________
_______________________________ for years and
Germany was fighting these enemies and, at least at first,
whooping them. This was a chance to get even with those
damned _________________.
•
In Iraq, many Arabs were impressed by the Nazi’s
_______________________________. They set up the
___________ party as a model of the Nazi party
–
A decade after World War II, the Baath party
_________________________in Iraq. Soon,
_______________ had risen to the top of the Baath party, as
the fearsome and violent dictator of Iraq
► Iraq’s Significance
•
Arab Middle Eastern Countries
(such as Iraq) grew in global
importance during the 20th Century
on account of ____________________________
► Saddam’s Desire for Kuwait
•
By Conquering Kuwait, a tiny postage-stamp of a country, Saddam
could perhaps become _______
____________________________________
_________________and a major world player
•
He invaded Kuwait in _________
► America No Like-y
•
As the world’s largest ______________________, the U.S. was not
interested in letting a foreign country with a _______________
____________________ control a huge chunk of the world’s oil
–
Iraq could then _____________ by threatening our economy
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