Skills and Techniques

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Intermediate 2
& Higher Physical Education
Skills and Techniques
Unit objectives…
 Goal is to improve our badminton performance by developing
our understanding of skills and techniques:
 Define exactly what a skill and technique is
 Gather data on our performance of a specific skill and





technique
Break down a skill or technique
Look at the stages we go through when learning all kills
Different methods of practice that help us develop / learn
new skills
The principles of effective practice
Importance of feedback, concentration and motivation in
learning skills.
Today’s Lesson Objective…
 Define the terms skill and technique .
 Explain the difference between a skill and technique
 Identify how to classify a skill
 Explain how we identified a skill that was a weakness in
our performance.
 Break our overhead clear down into subroutines and
compare our performance to a model performer.
 Issue homework – 2 tasks
First due on Friday 25th Nov
Second (mini project) due on Friday 2nd Dec
What are skills and techniques…
Skill
Technique
A skill is a series of
linked movements
performed for a
purpose.
Skill describes the
purpose of linked
sequences of movement.
A technique is a way
of executing a skill.
A technique describes
the way a skill is
performed.
Skills can be a number of things
OPEN
SIMPLE
SKILL
COMPLEX
SKILL
CLOSE
Skill Classification
Simple or Complex
Skills exist on a continuum between SIMPLE and COMPLEX:
Simple
Complex
Those which require little decision-making and only basic movements are
simple
Those which require more thought and decision-making are complex.
A number of factors determine whether a skill is simple or complex. These include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The amount of information to be processed
The number of decisions to be made
The speed at which information processing and decision-making has to occur
The accuracy involved
The amount and type of feedback which is available
In Summary…
Simple Skill
Complex Skills
Few subroutines
Many subroutines
Physically undemanding
Physically demanding
Little coordination needed
Coordination vital
Simple order of movements
Complicated order of movements
Few movement at one time
Many movements at the same time
Few judgements to be made
Many judgements to be made
Easy environment (e.g. good weather Difficult environment (e.g. poor
conditions, no opposition, safety
weather conditions, full opposition,
equipment)
no safety equipment)
Skill Classification
Closed or Open
Skills exist on a continuum between CLOSED and OPEN:
Closed
Open
Those which are unpredictable are open.
Those which you are in charge of carrying out are closed
For example in rugby no two tackles are ever the same. They will differ
depending on the size, speed and movement direction of your opponent. For
example a player goes to make a tackle on his opposite number but his tackle
is controlled almost 100% by whether his opponent tries to pass him on the
left or right or attempts to run straight over him.
A forward roll in gymnastics is closed. In a forward roll you follow and
control a simple set of movements in order to carry out the technique. There
are few distractions or other factors to consider when executing your
performance.
Example of an open skill – Rugby Tackle
Where we are to date…
How did we identify a skill that was a weakness?
Stage One
(General Data Collection)
How did we do this?
Analysis
Of
Overall
Performance
Create a mind map in your jotter
Stage One
(General Data Collection)
 Video recorded in three competitive
games. Used the three recordings
to complete observation schedules.
 Compared my court movement
during competitive games to that of
a model performer.
 Assessed the variety and
effectiveness of my strokes in a
competitive game.
Analysis
Of
Overall
Performance
How & Why of General Data Collection
HOW assessed court movement
WHY appropriate
Video recorded
Video allowed accurate completion of
observation schedule. Badminton is fast paced
with video can pause and rewind. Don’t miss
anything. Get a true reflection of performance.
Assessed during three competitive
games, against opponents of similar
ability
Accurate, reliable data, true picture of ability,
not a one off performance, game isn’t to easy or
challenging, will be motivated.
Compared my court movement to that
of model performer. (Give performance
examples of what observation schedule
assessed)
Stroke Effectiveness Observation
Schedule
(Give performance examples of what
observation schedule assessed)
By comparing performance to that of model
performer I can clearly identify my strengths
and weaknesses. Get accurate picture of my
development needs.
Provides permanent written feedback. Used to
retest. Assess how perform in game situation.
Specifically assesses court movement.
Provided permanent written feedback. Used to
retest. Assess how perform in game situation.
Specifically assesses effectiveness of my strokes.
Clearly identify my strengths and weaknesses.
Get accurate picture of my development needs.
Stage Two
(Specific Data Collection)
How did we do this?
Analysis
Of
Overall
Performance
Analysis of
Identified
Weakness
Create a mind map in your jotter
Stage Two
(Specific Data Collection)
 Assessed the accuracy of overhead clear in
closed environment using hoop test.
 Assessed placement of overhead clear
during competitive game (open
environment) using scatter diagram.
Analysis
Of
Overall
Performance
 Observed video of model performer to
develop knowledge and understanding of
the subroutines involved in overhead clear.
 Broke overhead clear down into
preparation, action, recovery. Created
movement analysis observation schedule
 Compared my overhead clear to that of a
model performer using movement analysis
observation schedule.
Analysis of
Identified
Weakness
Homework
Task 1: Due – Friday 25th November
Question
Describe in detail how you identified and gathered data on a skill or technique that was a
weakness in your performance.
Task 2 (mini project): Due – Friday 2nd Dec
Choose two skills, one should be a weakness (Overhead Clear) the second should be a
strengths.
This is not an essay answer, you may wish to produce a PowerPoint or a booklet. You may
wish to include pictures, a video clip or a diagram. The key content that should be
included is as follows:
 Description of the purpose of each skill (i.e. When and why it would be used)
 Description of how a model performer would perform the skill
 Explain how your performance differs from a model performer
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