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A Native American Project
Presentation
Shelter
• Tepee made of buffalo skin (Great Plains)
• Tepee lodges (Central Plains)
Food Sources
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The staple food of the Plains is the buffalo.
Corn
Beans
Squash
They also hunt deer
Other small animals
Antelope
fish
Clothing
Made Of….
•Deer skin
•Antelope skin
•Moose skin
•Buffalo skin
Clothing
• Women made their clothes out of buffalo
and deer skin
• Boys wore nothing until the age of ten
• Once they were ten they wore a breech
clout
• In cold weather the men put on robes and
high boots made from buffalo hides.
• The young girls wore breech clouts too.
Men’s Roles
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Hunted animals
Protected the community
Fought in battles
Taught the boys to fish and hunt
Made tools and weapons
Traded goods
Women’s Roles
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Took care of the home
Collected firewood
Raised the children
Quilling and beadwork
Packed when time to move
Prepare the animal skins for use
Helped butcher the animals
Gathered berries and other plants
Made clothing and other articles
Prepared the food
Taught the girls the same duties
Tribal Game
Bowl & Dice Game
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If you toss:
6 alike: You are awarded 1 flat stick and you toss again.
a second-6 alike: you receive 2 flat sticks and you toss again.
A third consecutive 6-alike: you are rewarded 3 flat sticks.
If you toss:
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5 alike: you are rewarded 3 narrow sticks and you toss again
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A second 5 alike: you receive 6 narrow sticks and you toss again
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A third consecutive 5 alike: you are rewarded 1 flat stick
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If you toss:
4 or below: you are not rewarded and it’s your opponents turn.
Note: In keeping score with the sticks 1 flat stick=three narrow sticks.
Ceremonies and Traditions
• When a boy reaches the age of twelve, they will go on their first real
hunt.
• Potlatch: The potlatch is a festival or ceremony. At these gatherings
a family or hereditary leader hosts guests in their family's house and
hold a feast for their guests. The main purpose of the potlatch is the
re-distribution and reciprocity of wealth.
• Sun Dance: Participants danced for four days around a sacred
object, and some would inflict harm upon themselves on purpose, all
while staring at the sun. They believed this self-sacrifice would
encourage powerful spirits to support and defend them.
• They knew there was a spirit for everything. (exa. a spirit for the
grass, sun and trees.)
• Before they ate, they blessed the food.
All About the Buffalo
• The buffalo is the most important source for the plains
people.
• They used the stomach for water bags
• They used their horns and bones for tools and weapons.
• They used the skin for clothing and other articles
As Shown……
Names of the Tribes of the Plains
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Akira
Arapaho
Assiniboine
Blackfoot
Caddo
Cheyenne
Cree
Crow
Gros
Ventre
Hidatsa
Iowa
•Kansa
•Oto
•Kiowa-Apache
•Pawnee
•Kitasi
•Ponca
•Lillooet
•Quapaw
•Lipan-Apache
•Sarci
•Mandan
•Sioux
•Missouri
•Lakota
•Obiwa
•Dakota
•Omaha
•Nakota
•Osage
•Tankawa
•Wichita
Thanks For Viewing
This presentation is brought to you by:
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Delaney M.
Jackson M.
Ayanna S.
Mikayla R.
Sarah K.
Nick C.
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