Automatic Meter Reading for Sub Stations and

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Automatic Meter Reading
for
Sub-Stations &
Consumer Meters
By :
Rajesh Sharma
Director
RS IT & Power Hub Pvt. Ltd.
About US
Our expertise lies in Integrating Technologies for the people
• Strong domain knowledge in real time data applications like
control and automation software (SCADA), Plant Intelligence
solutions, Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES), Batch
Plants automation and Interfacing plant data to ERP systems.
• Exhaustive knowledge of complex control system hardware and
software.
• Expertise in Device driver development, latest IT tools, databases and
report generation software.
• Hands on- field experienced people.
• An ISO 9001:2000 Certified organization.
• 'India Advantage': high-quality low-cost services
AMR (Automatic Meter Reading)
Every Utility / Discom is fighting to find a solution for this problem
PROBLEMS
• Protocol
• Communication Ports
• Existing Meters
• Technology
• Implementation Time
• Few More
PROBLEMS
•
Protocol
No common, Standard / open protocol
is available in the energy meters available nor the
meters which are being purchased.
Standard Protocol :•
PACT (Multi dropping not possible)
Open Protocol :-
•
Modbus ( Values are integers have to use
multiplying factor at software end)
•
IEC 101 (No known meter available)
PROBLEMS
•
Communication Port
No common type of port is available in the
energy meters available nor the meters which are
being purchased.
The mixture of Optical, RS-232 and RS-485 is
available and none has the record of the ports.
Recommended :RS-232 for the meters installed individually
RS-485 for the meters installed in groups
(Substation, Group Metering)
PROBLEMS
•
Existing Meters
As these meters vary in technologies, makes,
Protocols, communication ports, etc. which creates
a difficult situation for AMR implementation teams.
Recommended :Request the manufacturer to take back old meters
and replace with new ones, as in many a cases it is
only firmware up-gradation or minor modification.
PROBLEMS
•
Technology
As these meters vary in technologies, makes,
protocols, communication ports, etc. which creates
a difficult situation for AMR implementation teams.
Recommended :Request the reshuffle / change energy meters to
create the situation for the AMR supplier to opt. one
technology / methodology for the system.
Example : Change all substation meters with the
ones having RS-485 port & Modbus protocol.
PROBLEMS
•
Implementation Time
As these meters vary in technologies, makes,
protocols, communication ports, Multiplying factors
etc. which creates a difficult situation for AMR
implementation teams.
Recommended :Request the reshuffle / change energy meters to
create the situation for the AMR supplier to opt. one
technology / methodology for the system.
This will reduce the AMR implementation time
drastically.
PROBLEMS
•
Few More
• AMR Technologies (Which ?)
• Central Control room Softwares (Scalability ?)
• Audit Reports (What ?)
RS IT Solutions for AMR
• GPRS Technology for Substation AMR
Using Viola Arctic GPRS Router
• Rf & GPRS blend for Consumer Metering
Using Viola Eserv & MCM (Meter Communication
Module)
Achieving Real time AMR
Comprehensive AMR- One
Network
Scalable distribution network
* Industrial consumers
* Agriculture sector
* Domestic sector
Network Example
GPRS
INTERNET
VPN
Viola M2M
Gateway
Control Room
Field Side
• Integrate with Billing Software
• Two-way connection establishment
• Real time view of entire distribution
• Secure end-to-end communication (VPN)
• Instant control on consumers
• GPRS devices are part of company LAN
GPRS FOR SUBSTATION AMR
GPRS
•General Packet Radio Service
•Wireless packet data channel
•Based on GSM technology and networks
•Designed for TCP/IP traffic
•Dynamic radio channel allocation
•Faster data transfer compared to GSM data
•Public network, Global - low initial investments
GPRS Arctic Key Features
• Industrial grade GPRS router
• Expands Ethernet devices over GPRS network
• Easy and quick to install
• Firewall and VPN for secure communication
• 10/100 Base-T Ethernet connection
• Mobile operator independent static IP addressing with
Viola M2M Gateway
Hardware
Processor Environment
32 bit RISC processor
8 MB FLASH memory
32 MB SDRAM memory
Power
6 – 26 VDC nominal input voltage
1 – 5 W power consumption
Resettable fuse and ESD protection
Other
Temperature sensor, real time clock Environment
Temperature ranges:
–20 to +70 °C
–30 to +85 °C (storage)
Humidity 5 to 85 % RH
Key Features
Configuration and Management :
The Arctic GPRS Router is configured using a www browser. A conventional
console interface is also provided. The software of Arctic GPRS Router can be
updated over the network.
Network Protocols :
PPP, IP, ICMP, UDP, TCP, ARP,
DNS, DHCP, FTP, TFTP,
HTTP, SNMP, POP3, SMTP
Tunneling (VPN) :
SSHv2 server and client
SSHv1 server and client
Communication Protocols :
Modbus, Modbus Ethernet, Transparent
Mode, IEC 101, IEC 104, etc
EDGE
•Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
•EDGE is update for GPRS, also referred as EGPRS
•More efficient radio modulation than in GPRS (8-PSK)
•Speed is about 3-5 times more than in GPRS
•236.8 kbit/s for 4 timeslots and theoretical maximum is
473.6 kbit/s
•Uses same base stations and core network as GPRS/GSM,
easy and cost-effective for operators
•Typical download speed about 15 kilobytes/s
ESERV (RF) WITH MCM


Separate remote meters equipped with meter
commonication module (optical port to radio)
Local-area radio used between remote meters and
ESERV-AMR
remote
meter(s)
MCM
LOCAL-AREA RADIO
SERVER
local meter(s)
Modbus RS-485
ESERV-AMR
GPRS
GPRS & RF COMBINATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
Industrial grade GPRS router
Expands devices over RF network
Easy and quick to install
1 KM Line of sight Low Power Radio
Free radio band width frequency
Protocol Independent versions PACT or MODBUS
iPower
CENTRAL CONTROL ROOM SOFTWARE
iPower
SCADA overview
SCADA operations
Integration with other systems
Configuration automation
System options
Summary
Functional Overview
 Real -time monitoring and safe operator control
declutter
 Intuitive navigation using pan, zoom and
 Control and information tagging (locking)
 Automatic bus coloring and ground display
 Events, sequence of events and alarm management
 Historical recording, ODBC/SQL reporting interfaces &
Crystal Reports
 Extensive online help & electronic books
Technology Overview
Full OPC client/server support at client and server levels
opens real-time communications capabilities
COM for easy integration of third party applications
Full ActiveX, but with Secure Containment(TM) to protect
SCADA reliability from rogue applications
Microsoft VBA embedded provides a powerful yet
familiar scripting tool
SQL/ODBC wizard driven API makes integration simple
Operations
Pan, zoom and declutter
Electricity industry dialogs
Control and information tagging
Manual overwrite
Information Screens
Notes pages
Bus re-colouring and ground display
Event and alarm facilities
Data summaries and lists
Online help
Integrate iPower with other systems
Integrate iPower….
…
… and
and perhaps
perhaps aa
trouble
trouble call
call system
system
…with
…with your
your
customer
customer
database
database
…or
…or other
other relational
relational
database
database in
in your
your
business
business
…your
…your GIS
GIS or
or
AM/FM
system
AM/FM system
Where does iPower fit?
Electric power distribution companies:
Primary SCADA system
Substation automation systems
Electric power transmission companies
Substation automation systems
Electric power generation companies
Generator control systems
Ancillary systems (waste water, fire, cooling towers…)
LET US DISCUSS ………..
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