B. Redeborn, Eurocontrol

advertisement
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State,
Initial Implementation
2nd International Conference “Integrated Modular Avionics & CNS/ATM”
MAKS-2013 Air Show
Bo Redeborn
Principal Director ATM, EUROCONTROL
29 August 2013
Agenda
 Goals, context: similarities & differences
 ICAO Global Plan: the convergence area
 Different environments, different programme management structures
 Current State, Initial Implementation
 SESAR
 NextGen
 Challenges
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
2
ICAO GANP / SESAR / NextGen:
Concurrent, Complementary, not Competitive


Same philosophy
 Need to improve ATM performance
 Aim at the Global ATM Operational
Concept
 Through deployment of a series of
step changes
Mutual impact, Global  Regional
 From concept definition to operations
 For timely and useful standards
 With all other national programmes
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
3
A Different Configuration
EUROCONTROL
Member
States
(39)
EUROCONTROL
EASA
FAA
European
Union
(28)
39
National
Regulators
39 ANSPs
SESAR
Joint
Undertaking
Cooperation Framework
- MoC US-EU on aviation research
- MoC FAA-EUROCONTROL on ATM (focus on deployment)
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
US/Europe Differences & Similarities

GA, Military
CULTURE & POLITICS



Nb & governance of Service Providers
Source of Finance
MARKET


Traffic distribution/density
Weather severity
Nb of States, diversity of cultures
More prominent concern for international
cooperation & interoperability
ATM SYSTEM


SAME PRESSURES



ATM SERVICE




GEOGRAPHY



≠
Safety, Security
Growth, Environment
Costs

SAME COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS

SAME OBLIGATIONS


ICAO
SAME OPPORTUNITIES

Advanced Technology
Uniformity / fragmentation
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Essential Considerations for Europe & Global Plan
The network of
actors & assets
The flight trajectory over
time
Trajectory
Network
Measured business
performance
Performance
PBN
RPAS
Informed decisions taken collaboratively on early
and accurate information
Wake
Partnership – Interoperability
“BEBS”
SWIM
and data comm. are cornerstones
Global Air Navigation Industry Symposium 20-23 September 2011
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
6
6
SESAR and NextGen Cross Enrichments
Similarities
 Alignment with the ICAO Global ATM concept
 Trajectory Management central to operations
 Technology
 Data communication need
Differences
SESAR
NextGen
 Deployment horizons (IOC)
 Deployment horizons (IOC)
 Airport airside operations incl. turn-around (gate-togate)
 Airport landside operations incl. passenger handling
(curb-to-curb)
 SWIM – distributed information
 SWIM – centralised information
 Collaborative planning/execution, user firmly in the
loop (user owns the flight trajectory)
 Collaborative planning/execution, user firmly in the
loop
 Single reference business/ mission flight trajectory
 Weather a major issue
 Incl. homeland security
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
European ATM Master Plan - SESAR
 Aims at successful, timely & efficient deployment
 Through harmonisation of systems, procedures
 And regulations
 Includes additional essential considerations
 Features not requiring global interoperability
 Institutional, managerial, regulatory aspects, e.g.
 Change management process
 Effective commitment of all actors
 Financial instruments
 SES
 Common regulatory framework incl. performance
 FABs
 Bridges R&D and deployment in a consistent plan
 A cohesive programme across industry through SESAR JU
 An objective: wide cooperation
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
8
SESAR Programme Phases
2005
2010
Definition
2015
2020+
SESAR Phases
Development
European ATM
Master Plan
Deployment
SESAR Joint
Undertaking
Implementation
Current
work
Development work
Planning work
2005
2010
2015
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
2020+
9
Main SESAR Instruments
 Planning: European ATM Master Plan
 Edition 2, Oct. 2012
 Includes the ESSIP and LSSIPs
 R&D: SESAR Joint Undertaking
 Public-Private Partnership
 JU Extension till 2024 under negotiation
 SESAR Deployment
 EC Implementing Rule on SESAR Deployment Governance & funding
 3 levels (Political, Deployment Manager, Deployment projects)
 Common Projects co-financed by EC budget for changes essential to
network performance (2014+)
 Interim Deployment Plan
 Regulation: Single European Sky (SES) legislative instruments
 Complementary actions on performance, airports, safety, human
resources
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
SESAR Deployment Governance
ATM Master plan
Policy
Common projects
Pilot
Pilot Common
Project
Essential changes
Synchronisation
Maturity
SJU
Management
Deployment
Programme
Execution
SESAR Key features >
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
P1
P2
…
Pn
P1
P2
…
Pn
P1
P2
…
Pn
P1
P2
…
Pn
European ATM Master Plan Mapping with ICAO
ASBUs: Steps and Blocks
Same notions of
- Progressive deployment
- Performance orientation
- Synchronised actions
Presentation tailored
to audience
Performance
Improvement
Areas
Block 0
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
(2013)
(2018)
(2023)
(2028 & >)
Greener Airports
Globally
Interoperable
Systems & Data
Optimum
Capacity and
Flexible Flights
Efficient Flight
Path
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
12
European Efforts Map to the Global Ones:
Operational Improvement Steps and Modules
Mapping of contents and
enablers, in particular
standardisation needs
Precise mapping for Block 0
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
13
Mapping to Essential and
other OIs
Precise mapping for Block 1
Provides priorities for
SESAR Deployment Pilot
Common Project
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
14
European ATM Master Plan Technology
Roadmaps consistent with those of the GANP
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
EUROCONTROL SJU Contribution Vs ASBUs
2011
APT
ATS
NET
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
B2-WAKE – Advanced
WV improved
procedures
B1-WAKE
- Increased Runway
B1-RSEQ - Improved
Time Based Heathrow LT
RECAT
Dynamic pair-wise
separation
Wake Turbulence
RWY
Occupancy
Throughput
through
DynamicTime
Airport operations through
Separation (Time-based)
Wake Turbulence Separation
Departure, Surface & Arrival
B1-ACDM - Optimised
B2-SURF
- Optimised
ManagementAOP/NM integration Palma LT - - - - - - - - - - - - - Extension on Other
Airports
Airport Operations through
surface routing and safety
A-CDM Total Airport
benefits …..
(A-SMGCS 3-4,
Surf routing/ RWY inc. : simulation
LT on CDG, Madrid, Milan, Hamburg
Management
ATSA-SURF IA & SVS)
B1-CDO - Improved
Flexibility & Efficiency in
I4d
ATC/ATC IOP
i4D /IOP integration
Descent Profiles (OPDs)
B2-RSEQ – Linked
B1-TBO - Improved Traffic
B1-ACAS – Increased
AMAN/DMAN
LDN, ROME, CDG
TMA PMS
Synchronisation
and InitialE-TMA PMS
Effectiveness of groundCTA/AMAN/PMS integration
Trajectory-Based
Operation
PMS design
LT
LT
based Safety Nets
B1-ASEP - Increased
Capacity & Flexibility through
B1-FRTO - Improved
Interval ManagementAdvanced FUA, Mobile Mil Area
Operations
Free
Routethrough
– Advanced FUA
Flight planning support with CTOT to TTA, UDPP
Optimised
ATS
Routing
STAMS
AOC/CFMU improved traj
B2-NOPS
– Increased user
Dynamic
DCB
B1-NOPS
- Enhanced
Flow axis
LT
UDPP
Paris –Italy
involvement
in the dynamic
SWIM
enabled NOP
Performance through Network
utilisation
of
the network
Operational Planning
ATC/NM IOP
CNS
PENS for SWIM
Aeromax Standard
Future SATCOM
Future COM INFRA
B1-APTA
Spectrum Strategy
Results Space Weather
Multi-Constell &
PBN Reversion
Optimised Airport
NAV
INFRA Assess
Many
aspects
of
the
technology
roadmaps
RNP APCH (SBAS)
Impact on GNSS use
Multi Frequency
Accessibility
Support to ADS-B
PBN Predictable Turns
Safety Case
GBAS CAT II/III >>
Ground System prototyping
RF and FRT
B1-SWIM - Performance
B2-FICE – Improved
Improvement
through
the
coordination
throughapplications
multi-centre (NOP, MET, EAD, …)
Gradual
prototyping
based
on pioneer
AIRM
ground-ground integration (FFFIXM application of System Wide
Information Management (SWIM)
ISRM
ICE/1 & flight object, SWIM)
B2-SWIM – Enabling airborne
B1-DATM - Service
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SWIM annual Master Class & demo day
--------------------participation in collaborative ATM
Improvement through Integration
of all Digital ATM Information
Master
Plan update
Transversal
Performance
Meth. stds
through SWIM
Master
Plan update
Release 1
Release 2
Release 3
Perf& cons.
cons.
Perf cons.
SESAR
NextGen: Goals, Perf
Current
State, Initial Implementation
Master
Plan update
Release 4
Perf cons.
Release 5
Perf cons.
16
Short-Term Deployment
 Pre-SESAR work results: improve performance & pave the
ground for SESAR
 ESSIP Objectives supplemented by Interim Deployment Plan
 Focus: 7 “Activity Areas”, 2012-2014, close progress monitoring





Collaborative Flight Planning & DCB Tools
Airspace Management Improvements & Data Sharing
Airport CDM
Air-ground Datalink
Automated Assistance to Controllers for Seamless Coordination,
Transfer & Dialogue
 RNP Approach
 Continuous Descent/Climb Operations (CDO/CCO) Application
 Also local efforts on system improvements & cost-efficiency
 … And EUROCONTROL initiative on Centralised Services
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Why do we need Centralised Services?

Europe needs to be competitive again!
 a more competitive European
ATM is an important enabler for a
more competitive European
Aviation environment

The goal to be achieved: controlled
flight hour for half the cost (one
controlled flight hour in the US
currently costs around half of what it
does in Europe) – see the US/Europe
Comparison of ATM-related
Operational Performance
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
What is a Centralised Service?

An air navigation support service or a related function.

Exercised at central European/network level, bringing significant benefits in
cost-effectiveness and harmonisation.

Contributing significantly to the Performance Targets of the Member States.

Supporting the implementation of SESAR developments on a central basis.

Supporting the implementation of SESAR developments to become
Pan-European services.

Supporting the unbundling of ancillary services.

Enabling service providers/ATM manufacturing industry to work together to provide
the service outside of the national boundaries on a pan-European level.

Allowing the implementation of market mechanisms for the centralised services
following a tender process - competition for the market.

Allowing the implementation of performance based contracts between
EUROCONTROL and the Service Provider.
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Which are the Centralised Services?

Flight Plan and Airport Slot Consistency Service (FAS).

4D Trajectory Flight Profile Calculation for planning purposes Service (4DPP).

European Tracker Service (ETKR).

Advanced Flexible Use of Airspace Support Service (AFUAS).

European ATM Information Management Service (EAIMS).

Management of Common Network Resources Service (CNR).

Network Infrastructure Performance monitoring and analysis Service (NIPS).

Pan European Network Service (PENS).

Data Communication Service (DCS).

To be defined.
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Proposals for SESAR Deployment “Pilot
Common Project”
 6 Main “ATM Functionalities” selected from European ATM Master
Plan






AF # 1: Extended AMAN and PBN In High Density TMAS
AF # 2: Airport Integration and Throughput Functionalities
AF # 3: Flexible Airspace Management and Free Route
AF # 4: Network Collaborative Management (Flow & NOP)
AF # 5: ISWIM Functionality
AF # 6: Initial Trajectory Information Sharing (Towards i4D)
 Projects expected to be launched in 2014
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
4D Trajectory Management
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
22
RPAS and ATM
• Integration of RPAS in the ATM is a key priority for the future ATM in
Europe.
• European roadmap
– R&D perspective
– State of play in Europe
– Regulatory framework
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
23
Airport Capacity – Wake Vortex Considerations
 Achievements
 RECAT 1
 European and US Regional approach
 US Deployment at Memphis shows benefits
 Time Based Spacing (TBS)
 Exploits wake and wind knowledge
 Deployment decision at London Heathrow
 Next Steps
 Benefit driven phased approach to deployment
 Static Pairwise (RECAT 2)
 Proposal to ICAO for new wake separations provisions
 Dynamic Pairwise (RECAT 3)
 Technology development on: Weather Radar, Wake detection (Lidar),
Down link of aircraft weather parameters
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
NextGen Today
 Optimization of Airspace & Procedures in the Metroplex (OAPM)
 implementation of PBN procedures & airspace improvements in some
busiest US airspaces
 ADS-B program: steady deployment of ground stations
 traffic & weather information to equipped aircraft
 ATC separation services at 28 TRACON facilities
 making use of GPS & WAAS
 En Route Automation Modernization (ERAM) deployment
 Further development needed for Data Comm and SWIM
 Operational & financial incentives: being considered for aircraft
owners/operators to equip aircraft to use NextGen capabilities
 Initial acceptance of a Surface Concept of Operations using CDM
(Source: NextGen Implementation Plan , 2013 Ed.)
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Challenges

Sensitivity of solutions to local situations
 The issue is not the target but the path to it
 New good ideas not an exclusivity of Europe or US
 Buy-in to a well understood common plan is essential

Data
Communications:
a typical
challenge area
Need for new interoperable standards
 How to get them timely, widely recognised

Need for consistent plans to mutually support individual business cases
 Cooperation within/across regions to optimise synchronised deployments
 Need for training, change management
 Need to validate, demonstrate

How to get there?
 Aircraft equipage must be the same to achieve “interoperability”
 How to maximise operational benefits to aircraft operators in mixed environment
 Incentives, service priorities and/or regulation as appropriate
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
29
29
Conclusions
 One size does not fit all, But
 Solution involving interoperability should be implemented the same way by all
 Business cases are not independent, but must reflect the conditions of those
who invest and operate
 Transition is complex and must be anticipated
 It is easier to converge when cooperating early
 Different starting points do not prevent aim at the same goals
 Revised ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan
 The starter of a regular improved planning process, taking into considerations
plans from all States
 Regional coordination as an integral part of it
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
30
More Information
 SESAR
 www.eurocontrol.int/content/sesar-and-research
 www.atmmasterplan.eu
 www.sesarju.eu
 NextGen
 www.FAA.Gov/nextgen
Thank You For Your Attention
SESAR & NextGen: Goals, Current State, Initial Implementation
Download
Related flashcards

Management

42 cards

Management

61 cards

Create Flashcards