International Congress ENERGY AND ENVIROMENT 2004 GEOTHERMAL WATER AS AN ENERGY SOURCE IN THE MORAVSKE TOPLICE GEOLOGICAL SYSTEM NATAŠA GERIČ1, STANISLAV SRAKA2, JOŽE PEZDIČ1 of Ljubljana, Department of Geology, Aškerčeva 12, Si1000 Ljubljana 2Development Agency SINERGIja, Moravske Toplice , Kranjčeva 3, Si9226 Moravske Toplice 1University Geothermal energy is widely used all over the world for different purposes such as (energy production, house heating, geothermal baths, fish and plant production,…). In Slovenia 65 % of all geothermal potential is stored in NE part called Prekmurje. There are two different termal water sources: Lower temperature system with temperatures ranging from 30-70 °C ( exploited ) High temperature system with temperatures ranging from 180-200 °C ( not used ) There are 6 geothermal wells in the Moravske Toplice spa system from which thermo mineral water is produced. Well Depth (m) Build in year Geothermal water layer 1963 Flow (l/s) 2.5 Mt-1 1417 Mt-2 1397 1986 3.3 Mura formation Mt-4 1467 1974 4 Mura formation Mt-5 1467 1980 4 Mura formation Mt-6 1000 1982 21 Termal 1 Mt-7 1360 1995 7.6 Termal 1 Mura formation Conditions for geothermal water exploitation: - high geothermal gradient of the exploitation area good production characteristics of the geothermal water layer appropriate geochemical characteristics of the geothermal water short distance form the well and the consumer • Geothermal water well and degassing pump in Moravske Toplice. Behind it can be seen the water steam of the geothermal "waste" water with T=35°C. Chemical characteristics of the geothermal water • Water from the wells Mt-1, Mt-4 and Mt-5 contain higher values of organic substances • Water from the wells Mt-2, Mt-6 and Mt-7 is almost without organic substances • Wather from all wells contain higher values of the sulphur, methane, CO2 and CaCO3 • CO2 helps water to erupt (gas uplifting) • Excess of CaCO3 is precipitated and removed from geothermal water • Methane and hydrogene sulphide are not treated separately GEOTHERMAL ENERGY OUTPUT Q = m * DT / 0,86 DT - temperature difference (K) m - water flow (m3/day) 0,86 – constant Energy output from all wells is: 4,691 MW/h Yearly energy amount from the geothermal sources in Moravske Toplice is equal to energy from cca. 5345 tons of heating oil. CURRENT GEOTHERMAL ENERGY USE • 70 °C geothermal water exits the wells • 28°C geothermal water flow into the stream as “waste water” 1. Heat exchangers, Tdrop=55-60 °C 2. Cooling pools, Tdrop=30°C–waste water 3. Swimming pools, Tdrop= 28°C-waste water 4. Greenhouses, Tdrop=28°C-waste water Optional energy production by »Cascade method« Water temperature range: T= (10-80 °C) • heat exchangers • air pre heating • during the summer air cooling • greenhouses heating • fish farms • grass watering during summer • energy from heat pumps • mushrooms production Vegetables production in greenhouses during the winter. Geothermal water is circulating through water pipes and produces heat energy. Other possible uses of geothermal water which could be explored from geothermal water • CO2 could be used for better plants growth in the greenhouses • CO2 prevent CaCO3 precipitation and saves heat exchangers pipes • CO2 production • energy production from methane • healthy minerals CONCLUSIONS Geothermal water from Moravske Toplice should be used properly : - to avoid unnecessary enviromental damages (CO2 exhalations, hot water dispose,…) - to keep thermal aquifer in balance by using the right methodes of exploatation (constant exploatation, right capacity,…) - by using geothermal energy during all seasons of the year (lower costs) More effective use of geothermal water by using "Cascade method" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. CO2 and Methane separation Heating energy from heat exchangers (50-70°C water) Swimming pools water heating Direct greenhouse heating Fish farms Heating energy from heat pumps (10-20°C water) Other possible usses of geothermal water: THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !