A Day in the Life of… Anglo Saxons • 5th Century: Germanic tribes invade – Angles – Saxons – Jutes • Established Anglo-Saxon presence in England (Angle-Land) • Alfred the Great: “Rex Angul-Saxonum” – Late 800s: fights away Danish invaders – Promotes sense of national identity – Converts Latin texts to Old English History • Anglo-Saxons settled away from old Roman cities • Strategic sites for agriculture or river ports to control land. • One-room structures of timber and thatch • Village centered around “Mead-Hall,” with central hearth. Civilizations • Strength, courage, and power • Hated peace—fighting is more honorable. • Revenge taken seriously • War ended only by “wergild” or “peaceweaver.” • Worst fate: survive fellow warriors or exile. Values Religion Beliefs carried over from Germanic Paganism • Pagan Gods: Tyr, Woden, Thor, Frigg • Christianization occurred between 597-686AD • Pagan information documented through priests set out to destroy it. • Example: St. Augustine, Kentish King, and Woden Law • Saxon Chiefs chopped off hands and noses to punish petty crimes. • Fear maintained control. • A good king was a fearsome king. • A good king was also generous. – Warrior gifts for acts of bravery in battle. A strange creature ran on a rippling road, Its cut was wild, its body bowed, Four feet under belly, eight on its back, Two wings, twelve eyes, six heads, one track. It cruised the waves decked out like a bird, But was more--the shape of a horse, man, Dog, bird, and the face of a woman-Weird riddle-craft riding the drift of wordsNow sing the solution to what you've heard. 5 Riddle 34 SHIP! Power and treasure for a prince to hold, Hard and steep-cheeked, wrapped in red Gold and garnet, ripped from a plain Of bright flowers, wrought--a remnant Of fire and file, bound in stark beauty 5 Riddle 69 With delicate wire, my grip makes Warriors weep, my sting threatens The hand that grasps gold. Studded With a ring, I ravage heir and heirloom * * * To my lord and foes always lovely And deadly, altering face and form. 10 SWORD! In battle I rage against wave and wind, Strive against storm, dive down seeking A strange homeland, shrouded by the sea. In the grip of war, I am strong when still; In battle-rush, rolled and ripped In flight. Conspiring wind and wave Would steal my treasure, strip my hold, But I seize glory with a guardian tail As the clutch of stones stands hard Against my strength. Can you guess my name? Riddle 14 • ANCHOR! Who am I who stand so boldly by the sea road-Hightowering, cheek-bright, useful to men? Riddle 68 • LIGHTHOUSE! My head is struck by a forging hammer, Sheared close by a shaping blade, Honed smooth by a fierce file. Sometimes I swallow my tempered foe, When bound by rings, I heave from behind, Thrust a long limb through a hard hole, Catch hard the keeper of the heart's pleasure, Twist with my tongue and turn back The midnight guardian of my lord's treasure When the conquering warrior comes to hold The gift of slaughter, the joy of gold. Riddle 87 • KEY!