DESTRUCTIVE FISHING PRACTICES

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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
AFFECTING FISHERIES
Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture
and Fisheries
July 19, 2012
PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
1. Explanation of important terminologies
2. Brief overview of the world’s fisheries
3. Examination of the vulnerability of the
world’s fisheries and emerging
challenges
4. Ongoing strategies to combat challenges
DEFINING TERMS
as defined by the FAO
FISHERIES - the of harvesting a different
fishery resources
Key attributes:
• Fishery resource
• Human interactions with the fishery
resources
Fisheries
Capture
Aquaculture
Harvesting of
wild fishery
resources by
fishers
Species culture
by fish farmers
DEFINING TERMS
as defined by the FAO
Environmental factor
• any force, stimulus or condition that
influences living organisms
Abiotic
Non living
components
Biotic
Living
components
Environmental
Factor
VULNERABILITY OF FISHERIES
Key raw materials:
– Aquatic species
– Water
Capital Investment:
– Fishing equipment such as boats and gear
– Aquaculture installations or facilities
Timely supply of a healthy product for consumers
ENVIRONMENTAL
EMERGENGIES & IMPACTS
Severe
Weather
Conditions
• Storms,
tsunamis
• Annual and
unpredictable
seasonal
changes
Harmful
Algal
Blooms
• Red tide
• Production
of toxins
that may
contaminate
seafood
Oil and
Chemical
Spills
• Accidental
or illegal
ENVIRONMENTAL
EMERGENGIES & IMPACTS
Severe
Weather
Conditions
• Damage to reef,
seagrass beds,
and mangroves
• Loss of juveniles
• Shift in species
dominance
Harmful Algal
Blooms
• Fish kill
• Shift in species
dominance
• Tainting of
species
resources
Oil and
Chemical
Spills
• Habitat
degradation
• Tainting of
fishery
resources
• Loss of lives of fisherfolk
• Destruction of capital
– Contamination of aquaculture facilities
– Damage to aquaculture facilities
– Loss of fishing equipment
• Loss of livelihood and income
• Risk to food security
Combatting Challenges
• Securing personal safety.
• Securing capital.
• Investing personal time and money in.
individual and community capacity building
through group formations.
• Being a part of the planning and execution
strategies rather ONLY at the receiving
end
For further information
• Fisheries Division, MoAF at 923-8811-3 of
[email protected]
• www.moa.gov.jm
• www.fao.org
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