Tissue damage strategies Tissue damage may be either a minor or a long term case. A minor damage may include soreness around the body, whereas a long term may be the case including bruising and muscle tears. Cryotherapy is the most popular recovery strategy when it comes to tissue damage. This involves the use of cooling. Ice is the most common form of cryotherapy as it has the ability to slow down the tissue inflammatory process, preventing the build up of waste. ICER principle The ICER principle is used in the rehabilitation of soft tissue injury. To use the ICER principle, it involves; Using a damp cloth to avoid direct contact, apply ice on ad off for 10 minute intervals, for up to 40 minutes. Compression, elevation and rest are also used to enhance recuperation. Ice baths Ice baths have become very popular in sports like touch football, rugby, AFL, soccer and endurance racing. They work on the principle that decreased temperature contracts blood vessels, decreasing their diameter. From emerging from the bath, the body warms and blood vessels enlarge which allows fresh, oxygen-rich blood to flow into the muscles, stimulating recovery.