EQ: Why did European Nations send explorers across the oceans? DO NOW: Factors which influenced the Age of Exploration The Crusades Series of holy wars which introduced Europeans to spices and other trade goods from East Asia Renaissance Period in Europe in which secular ideas increased and people began to emphasize individual achievement Printing Press Technology developed during the Renaissance which allowed ideas to spread quickly Caravel New type of ship which allowed navigators to sail into the wind The Age of Exploration Begins Miss Bonner GOD Europeans sent out missionaries to convert the “savages” and Muslims to Christianity. GOLD European explorers were interested in finding goods (spices, natural resources, etc.) that they could take back to Europe and sell. **Theory of Mercantilism** GLORY European explorers wanted o claim land for their supporting country and then receive a hero’s welcome when they returned from their voyage. Complete the God, Gold, and Glory Graphic Organizers Vasco de Gamma rounds the tip of Africa to get to the great spice port of India. 1. 4. Christopher Columbus sails west in order to find a quicker trade route to the East. 2Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs to gain riches. 5. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand agree to finance voyages to increase Spain’s power and influence. 3. Missionaries flock to Spanish colonies to convert Native Americans to Christianity 6. Italian adventurers signed on as crew members on Magellan’s voyage around the world Please put the items above into the correct boxes on the guided notes sheet. Complete the following information on the graphic organizer on the worksheet. COMPASS A Chinese invention which used the magnetic poles to calculate direction. ASTROLABE Tool using the stars to better locate ship’s location at sea. CARAVEL Smaller, faster ships that could maneuver in shallow waters. LATEEN SAILS A new sail which was triangular in shape and mounted at an angle, allowing the ships to gather wind for faster travel. Cartography Mapmaking skill increased and new maps allowed explorers to travel further with greater confidence. Cannons New defensive weapon allowed ships to sail safely, protecting their goods from pirates and other competing nations. Central Governments New central governments needed revenue from trade goods to finance the building of their new nations. Political Rivalries New nations began to compete for political power within Europe. With limited resources in Europe, the competition for control led out of Europe. Strong Monarchs Strong monarchs in growing nations wanted to fund the explorations out of curiosity, for increased prestige and power, and for greed. Joint Stock Companies Corporations made up of individuals formed, sharing in the risk of funding explorations. When the sailings were successful, the investors made great profits. Theory of Mercantilism This theory suggested that there was only so much value distributed around the world. Europeans began to rush to gain control of as much territory as they could to take claim of that value and the wealth they believed would come from it.