The Empresarios

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The Empresarios
Mexico’s New Colonization Laws
• Mexico liked the success of Austin’s colony.
• They passed a law to encourage more
immigration.
• The National Colonization Law of 1824
allowed each Mexican state to establish
their own policy and restrictions.
• Unlike Stephen F. Austin new colonist were
not free to establish colonies near borders
or along the coast.
Why do you think
Mexico placed this
restriction on new
colonies?
Mexico Forms a New State
• In 1824 the Mexican government
formed the state of Coahuila
(Cuawila) y Texas by combining the
separate states of Texas and Coahuila.
Coahuila and Texas
Coahuila y Texas
• The new state had its own immigration policy.
• The new states capital was Saltillo.
• The first Texas citizen to serve in the new states
lawmaking body was Baron de Bastrop.
• The new Mexican state was eager to grow.
• They hoped U.S. citizens moving to the new state
would up the economy and help protect against
Native American attacks.
Coahuila/Texas Law
• The new state passed the State
Colonization Law of 1825.
• This law opened Texas up to more
settlement and immigration.
Empresarios
• Many leaders wanted to follow in the footsteps
of Stephen F. Austin.
• Business people who promoted settlement in
Texas were known as empresarios.
• Under the new State Colonization Law
empresarios received:
• 67,000 acres for every 200 families
• Head of household could receive 4,428 acres
for $30
• No taxes for 10 years
Rules for New Texans
• They must become Catholic.
• Also, must become Mexican citizens and
be of good character.
• A huge wave of U.S. immigration began in
Texas.
Austin’s Contributions to Texas
• The Mexican government granted over 40 empresario
contracts in Texas.
• By 1834 an estimated 21,000 settlers lived in the region. This
number rose from only a few thousand in 1821.
• Stephen F. Austin was the most important empresario.
• In just 10 years, he helped bring more than 1,500 families to
Texas.
• Austin was more than just an empresario, he was a father
figure and caretaker.
• He was and is the “Father of Texas”.
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