The Empresarios Mexico’s New Colonization Laws • Mexico liked the success of Austin’s colony. • They passed a law to encourage more immigration. • The National Colonization Law of 1824 allowed each Mexican state to establish their own policy and restrictions. • Unlike Stephen F. Austin new colonist were not free to establish colonies near borders or along the coast. Why do you think Mexico placed this restriction on new colonies? Mexico Forms a New State • In 1824 the Mexican government formed the state of Coahuila (Cuawila) y Texas by combining the separate states of Texas and Coahuila. Coahuila and Texas Coahuila y Texas • The new state had its own immigration policy. • The new states capital was Saltillo. • The first Texas citizen to serve in the new states lawmaking body was Baron de Bastrop. • The new Mexican state was eager to grow. • They hoped U.S. citizens moving to the new state would up the economy and help protect against Native American attacks. Coahuila/Texas Law • The new state passed the State Colonization Law of 1825. • This law opened Texas up to more settlement and immigration. Empresarios • Many leaders wanted to follow in the footsteps of Stephen F. Austin. • Business people who promoted settlement in Texas were known as empresarios. • Under the new State Colonization Law empresarios received: • 67,000 acres for every 200 families • Head of household could receive 4,428 acres for $30 • No taxes for 10 years Rules for New Texans • They must become Catholic. • Also, must become Mexican citizens and be of good character. • A huge wave of U.S. immigration began in Texas. Austin’s Contributions to Texas • The Mexican government granted over 40 empresario contracts in Texas. • By 1834 an estimated 21,000 settlers lived in the region. This number rose from only a few thousand in 1821. • Stephen F. Austin was the most important empresario. • In just 10 years, he helped bring more than 1,500 families to Texas. • Austin was more than just an empresario, he was a father figure and caretaker. • He was and is the “Father of Texas”.