DE Manual Traffic Signs_

Describe difference between a shared
left-turn lane and a left turn lane.
Describe what actions to take with
pedestrian signals and traffic control
officers'’ signals.
What do you do at a flashing yellow light
and a flashing red light.
State the meaning of the eight shapes and
eight colors used for traffic signs.
Describe the actions to take at STOP,
YIELD, and speed limit signs.
List five situations where warning signs
might be used.
Explain what to do at a green light, yellow
light, and a red light.
Describe the action to take when you
approach a flashing red signal or a flashing
yellow signal.
Describe what actions to take with pedestrian
signals and traffic control officers'’ signals
Describe difference between a shared leftturn lane and a left turn lane.
 Control flow of traffic
 Provide guidance for motorists
 Regulate the roadway
 Provide crucial information to
 Shape and color tells the motorist
something about the sign
Red Light
 A motorist must stop
before the intersection or
crosswalk and remain
stopped until the light
changes to green.
Yellow Light
A motorist should stop before
entering the intersection or
crosswalk, unless his/her
vehicle is so close to the
intersection that it cannot be
stopped safely
Green Light
 A motorist should proceed through the
intersection. Yield to pedestrians and
vehicles still in the intersection and when
turning left or right. Before making a left
turn, yield to approaching vehicles.
Green Arrow
 When shown alone or in combination
with the red signal, proceed only as
shown by the arrow. (protected left/right
Flashing Yellow Light
 Slow down and proceed with care.
Flashing Red Light
 Stop. Yield to traffic and pedestrians. Go
only when safe.
Unlit Signal
 Treat as four-way-stop
 Pedestrian Crossing
 Orange hand- Do Not Walk
 White silhouette- cross with caution
 Countdown- remaining time to cross
Warning- Warn
motorists of hazards
ahead that are
difficult to see.
Guidance: Guide
motorists to a
destination by clearly
identifying the route.
Regulatory: Regulate
traffic speed and
Warning signs- are for
road conditions that
need caution and for
specific hazards that may
be encountered during
certain road operations.
Diamond shaped and
Diamond Shaped Warning
Signs - most are diamond
shaped with yellow
background and black
Warn of danger ahead
Be prepared to slow or stop
when you see a warning sign
School Zone – is a
portion of a street or
highway near a school
that is subject to special
speed limits
School Crossing – is a
intersection or crossing
used by school children
Railroad Crossing Sign – round
yellow sign with a black X and 2
black R’s
250 ft before crossing in Urban area
750ft before crossing is rural area
Cross buck – the crossing will be
marked with the cross buck and
may have flashing red lights or a
An orange sign in a diamond or rectangle
shaped signs that warn the motorist of lane
closings, lane shifts, flaggers, uneven
pavement and detours.
Reduced speed limit signs that are posted
alongside orange work zone signs.
An orange sign in a diamond or
rectangle shape
Be ready to stop, slow, or drive
around workers and equipment
Follow directions from signs and
workers direction traffic
New Jersey increases fines for
violations in construction zones
Local, state, and interstate routes
are posted with route signs
Signs vary according to the type
of roadway
Green signs provide information
on destinations
Blue signs guide you to services
near the highway
Brown signs indicate a point of
interest such as recreational
attractions or state parks .
Guidance signs identify destinations and
routes for motorists
Motorist service signs have white letters or
symbols on a blue background and provide
information about motorist services.
U.S. Route Marker
County Route Marker
State Route Marker
Interstate Route Marker
An east-west route is even-numbered.
A north-south route is odd-numbered.
A three-figured route that starts with an odd number
leads into a city.
A three figured route that starts with an even
number goes around a city.
Regulatory signs are generally rectangular, with
the longer vertical dimension, and have black
wording and borders on a white background.
 Stop
 Yield
 Do not enter
Right of way – means that
you accept the privilege of
immediate use of the
 4 way stop (all way stop)
 First driver stopped goes
 Vehicles stopped at the
same time, vehicle on
right goes first
 Driver turning left should
wait for driver going
Yield Sign – red and white triangle
Always slow or stop, and give the
right of way to traffic when
Can proceed without completely
stopping, but always be prepared
to stop
Proceed without affecting the
flow of traffic
Speed Limit Sign – used to
manage traffic flow at safe
Speed limits are for ideal
driving conditions
Minimum Speed Limits –
Set on expressways to keep
traffic moving safely
Advisory speed limits – set
for special conditions like
sharp curves and school
Other Signs
Turns and Lanes
One way
 Control parking
and passing
This is making a right turn
when the traffic signal is red.
Treat light like stop a sign
If there is a no turn on red sign
is posted. You can not make
the turn
Gives you warning
or direction. These
are lines, words, or
arrows painted on
the roadway.
 Broken Yellow Line
– separates two way
traffic and my pass
when no traffic is
coming from the
opposite direction
Solid Yellow Line –
indicates that
passing is not
Turning left across a
solid line is allowed
after yielding to
oncoming traffic
Broken White lines – separate
lanes of traffic moving in the
same direction
Solid white lines keep drivers
in their lanes and you should
not cross them
Solid white lines are also used
in crosswalks and stop lines
White arrows in lanes tell
you when and where to
If you are in a lane with an
arrow you must continue
in the direction of the
Rumble Strips – are
short sections of
corrugated roadway
They alert you by noise
when you drive over
Also used before
unexpected stops like a
toll plaza
Transverse and longitudinal rumble strips are
small indentations or narrow, raised strips on
the highway or shoulder
Wake the motorist who may have dozed off or
caution the motorist about the danger ahead
 Pages 208, 209, & 210