Three Types of Road Signs Regulatory signs Warning signs Guidance signs Regulatory Signs Regulate traffic speed and movement. Color : White with Black wording & borders White with Red wording Shape: Mostly rectangular more Regulatory Signs (Regulate traffic speed and movement) STOP SIGN Octagon Red & white YIELD ▼ Inverted triangle ▼ Red & white DO NOT ENTER Square with a red circle WRONG WAY ▄ Rectangle ▄ Red & white Regulatory sign; Speed Limit School zones, business or residential districts example- center of Westfield, Somerville Suburban business and residential districts example-center of Warren, Valley Road in Long Hill. Non-posted rural roadways example- open space, Flemington area, Clinton area Certain state highways (as posted) and interstates example- Route 22, certain sections of Route 78 Certain interstate highways (as posted) NOTEMotorists pay double fines for exceeding the 65 mph limit by 10 mph (75 mph) Double fines also apply to most other moving violations committed in a 65 mph zone. Warning Warn a motorist of 1. Road conditions 2. School crossings 3. Curved roadways 4. Intersections School crossing Pentagon Signs Color yellow & black wording or symbol Shape Most diamond Railroad crossing Round All others Diamond Road Work Signs (Warning Sign) Alerts motorists to a variety of temporary roadway conditions Lane closings Lane shifts Flaggers Uneven pavement Detours Changing traffic patterns Color: Shape: Orange Diamond-shaped signs *****In New Jersey, all traffic fines are doubled in work zones***** Guidance Signs Type 1 Identify destinations Guidance Signs Interstate County Route Marker Type 2 IDENTIFY ROUTES US Route Marker State Route Marker # 3 Motorist Service Signs provides information about #4 Recreational Signs motorist services. Public recreation and scenic guidance. Color Color Blue with white letters/symbols Brown with white letters/symbols Slow Moving Vehicle sign • Alert motorists to slow-moving vehicles. • Fluorescent and reflective orange triangular sign • Farm and construction equipment operating on public highways. The operators must obey all traffic rules and place a slow-moving vehicle sign on the back of their vehicles to warn approaching motorists. Traffic Signals Red Light- A motorist must stop Yellow Light- A motorist should stop before entering the intersection or crosswalk, unless their vehicle is so close to the intersection that it cannot be stopped safely. Green Light- A motorist should proceed through the intersection. Flashing Yellow Light-- Slow down and proceed with care. Flashing Red Light-- Stop. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TW0Eq2Q-9Ac&feature=youtu.be Pedestrian Signals Orange, Raised Palm Symbol Pedestrians must not leave the sidewalk or enter the roadway White, Pedestrian Silhouette Pedestrians may cross the roadway Pavement Markings Yellow center lines: Separate traffic flow going in opposite directions White lines: Separate traffic going the same way when there is more than one lane; show edges of roads (shoulder) Dashed lines: - - - - - - - - - - - - - On a motorist’s side of the center line of the road mean that passing is permitted when safe Solid line: On a motorist’s side of the center line means do not pass Road arrows: Used with other signs, show the correct direction a motorist must make in that particular lane. White stop lines: Show where to stop at stop signs or traffic signals Edge lines: Separates the shoulder from the travel lane and show the edges of highways White crosswalks: Pedestrian crossing. At intersections where stop lines are Missing, stop before the crosswalk NOT in the crosswalk. White special markings: STOP AHEAD, SCHOOL and R X R, are used to alert a motorist to special situations. White diamonds: High occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes For vehicles carrying multiple riders. Marked with white diamonds S.I.P.D.E. Using the S.I.P.D.E. Process S= SEARCH for possible hazards or risks I= IDENTIFY objects or conditions ahead that could interfere with your planned path of travel (look “12-15 seconds” ahead) P= PREDICT what the risk/hazard may do or how it will affect your path of driving D= DECIDE your safest plan of action E= EXECUTE your plan How would you use the SIPDE process to navigate through this traffic scene?