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ARRIVING AT
THE MEANINGS
OF WORD
THROUGH WORD
ANALYSIS
ENERGIZER
1.
‘alpha-privative’
(aphasia,apathy, anarchy)
Answer:
•Without
(negation)
2.acro:akros
(acronym,
acrophobia,
acropolis)
3.agogue:agogus
(demagogue
, pedagogue,
synagogue)
•leader >
agein –“to
lead”
4. anthropo:
anthropos
(Anthropoid,
anthropomorphic
, anthropology)
5. arch: arche
; archaios
(archaeology,
archaic,
archetype)
•arche Beginning
•archaios - old
6. cata: kata
(catalyst,
catastrophe)
7. chrome:
khroma
(monochrome,
phytochrome)
•color,
complexion,
skin
8. gam: gamos
(Exogamy,
monogamy,
polygamy)
•marriage
9. oid: oeides
(Anthropoid,
geoid,
rhomboid)
•Shaped,
like
10. bene-
( benevolent,
benefit,
benediction)
11. pathos
(pathology,
pathophysiology,
pathogen)
:
•Disease,
pity, feeling
12. psyche
(psychedelic,
psychology,
psychosomatic)
13. meta
(metaphor,
metaphysics,
metaphase)
•Later, behind
•Beyond, transcending
•Change
•higher
14. tactus
(tactile, tact,
tactless)
•Touch
(sense of )
15. ops: opsis
(Autopsy,
optic,
optoelectronics)
ARRIVING AT THE
MEANING OF A WORD
MAY REQUIRE KNOWING
ITS ROOTS BY
BREAKING IT DOWN TO
ITS ORIGINAL FORM
AND STRUCTURE.
SOME WORDS
COME FROM
GREEK OR
LATIN ROOTS.
ROOT
•PART THAT
CONTAINS THE
BASIC MEANING
TRACING THE ORIGIN OF THESE ROOTS
CAN HELP YOU FIGURE OUT THE BASIC
MEANING OF WORDS.
ADOLESCENCE
ROOT ORIGIN:
ADOLESCERE- LATIN
-“TO GROW UP”
MEANING:
•time preceding
adulthood: the
period from puberty
to adulthood in
human.
ARGUE
ROOT ORIGIN:
ARGUERE- LATIN
-“TO MAKE CLEAR,
ASSERT”
MEANING:
• express disagreement:
to express disagreement with
somebody, especially
continuously or
angrily.
BEHAVE
ROOT ORIGIN:
HAVIOR- OLD
FRENCH
-” POSSESSION”
MEANING:
• behave well: to act in
an acceptable way,
especially by being
polite,good-tempered,
and self-controlled.
INFLUENCE
ROOT ORIGIN:
INFLUERE- MEDIEVAL LATIN
-“TO FLOW IN”
MEANING:
•effect on something: the effect of
something on a
person, thing, or
event.
JUKEBOX
ROOT ORIGIN:
JUKE,JOOG - GULLAH
-“DISORDERLY,
WICKED”
MEANING:
•a coin-operated
machine that
automatically plays
selected records or
compact disks.
KINDERGARTEN
ROOT ORIGIN:
KINDER+GARTENGERMAN
-”CHINDREN,
GARDEN”
MEANING:
• preschool: a school or
class for young children,
usually between the ages
of four and six,
immediately before they
begin formal education.
MATURE
ROOT ORIGIN:
MATURRES - LATIN
-“RIPE,TIMELY,
EARLY”
MEANING:
• showing the mental,
emotional, or physical
characteristics
associated with a fully
developed adult
person.
NORM
ROOT ORIGIN:
NORMA – LATIN
-“CARPENTER’S
SQUARE,
PATTERN,RULE”
MEANING:
•a standard pattern
of behavior that is
considered
normal in a
society.
ROBOT
ROOT ORIGIN:
ROBOTA – CZECH
-“COMPULSARY
SERVICE”
MEANING:
• a mechanical device that
can be programmed to
carry out instructions
and perform
complicated tasks
usually done by people.
SHAMPOO
ROOT ORIGIN:
CAPO – HINDI
- “PRESS,
KNEAD”
MEANING:
• soap for cleaning the
hair and scalp, usually
in liquid or gel form,
sudsy detergent for
cleaning upholstery
and carpets.
TYPHOON
ROOT ORIGIN:
TAAî + SUNGCANTONESE
- “GREAT +WINDS”
MEANING:
•a violent tropical
storm in the western Pacific and
Indian oceans.
ROOT ORIGIN:
SAMT (ARRA’S)ARABIC
- “WAY” (OF THE HEAD)
MEANING:
• highest point:
• point straight up: the point
of the celestial sphere that
is directly over the observer
and 90 degrees from all
points on that person's
horizon.
1. ortho: orthos orthodox
orthography
•“true,
straight”
2. patr: pater
patronym,
paternity
•“father”
3. phil: philo
philosophy,phil
ogyny,philology
4. phon: phone
cacophony,stereophonic,euphony
•“
”
5.stereo:stereos
stereophonic,
stereotype,stereology
• solid
THANK YOU!
•NEXT TOPIC:
“DAVID SWAN”
BY: Nathaniel
hawthorne
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