Kofi Annan`s six-point plan

• Bloody conflict in Syria in last 18 months
• Armed conflict between Free Syrian Army (FSA) units,Syrian
National Council, National coordination committee and
regime's heavily-armed forces
• A coalition of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
and Arab monarchies are supporting the armed-opposition,
while Eastern powers such as Iran, Russia, and China have
stood by the "regime".
Three issue involved- a) future of weapons of Mass
Destruction B) problems of infiltrators leading to sectarian
crisis-transforming Syria into a new front for global Islamic
Jihad C) The third problem is the ascendancy of political
Islam and the threat it poses to regional security and
International response
• The Arab League suspended Syrian membership
and imposed economic sanctions on Damascus in
November 2011, unprecedented moves by the
twenty-two-nation bloc.
• The United States has placed a variety of
sanctions on Syria that prohibit aid and restrict
bilateral trade.
• The European Union has passed more than a
dozen rounds of sanctions on the Assad regime
since the March 2011 uprising.
Russian and Chinese stand
• Both Russia and China have significant
economic and military relations with Syria.
• the countries have vetoed three Westernbacked resolutions aimed at isolating the
Assad regime-- the most recent July 19
• fears of another Western-backed military
intervention similar to that in Libya and the
Ivory Coast (Reuters).
• Sunni states like Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the Persian Gulf
countries line up in support of the Syrian resistance, and
Shiite-majority nations such as Iran and Iraq seek to bolster
Assad's hold on power.
• Iran, a longtime Syrian ally, continues to have crucial links
to the regime in Damascus. Tehran has provided Damascus
with both military and much-needed economic assistance,
• the spiraling chaos in Syria include refugee flows, sectarian
conflict, and non-state transnational violence,
• If the West intervenes militarily, Israel may have to face
• The problem can be stretched up to Central Asia
• Military intervention runs contrary to international law and
negates the very idea of a democratic world order that
India are working for.
• selective intervention for geopolitical reasons, which is
camouflaged as ‘humanitarian intervention’. regimes in
Saudi Arabia and Qatar have vested interests in demanding
• neither the interventionists nor the Syrian ‘rebels’ are clear
on how they propose to tackle what follows in the
downstream of ‘regime change’ in Syria.
• The intervention will affect The Persian Gulf region (where
over 6 million Indians live and work) won’t remain
• A series of Russian and Chinese vetoes have remained
an obstacle to UN economic sanctions
• Kofi Annan's six-point plan• .1 Work with the international envoy
• 2. End violence by all parties under UN cease-fire;
Syrian army to stop using heavy weapons and
withdraw from population centers
• 3. Allow humanitarian aid
• 4. Free detainees
• 5. Ensure freedom of movement for journalists
• 6. Respect peaceful demonstrations
• The Fourth BRICS Summit was hosted in New
Delhi on 29 March 2012
• Members belong to Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin
America, the transcontinental dimension.Brazil,
Russia, India and China September 2006, South
Africa joined the Grouping at the third Summit in
Sanya, China in April 2011.
• Issues at fdiscussion-international terrorism,
WMDs, climate change, food and energy security,
MDGs, international economic and financial
situation, etc.
It backs dialogue to resolve the Iranian nuclear impasse. The declaration said the
crisis over Iran's nuclear programme should be resolved diplomatically and should
not be allowed to escalate.
The declaration also backs a Syria-led democratic transition. BRICS voices "deep
concern" over Syria and calls for "an immediate end to all violence and violations
of human rights" and backs a Syrian-led political process.
setting up of a BRICS-led South-South Development Bank in the mold of the World
Advocated reforms in IMF-IMF quota reforms: Pitch for greater representation of
developing countries and emerging economies in the IMF by speeding up quota
reforms. Countries back a "merit-based selection-process" for the heads of the
IMF and the World Bank,
BRICS leaders pitch for reform of global governance institutions, including the UN,
the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.
Two agreements namely- “Master Agreement on Extending Credit Facility in Local
Currencies” and “BRICS Multilateral Letter of Credit Confirmation Facility
Agreement”- were signed by the Development Banks from BRICS countries.
• India and Seychelles were bound together by the
waters of the Indian Ocean.
• Interests lies in working together closely in order
to ensure the safety and security of the Indian
Ocean region in the face of threats of piracy and
• India is helping Seychelles in tackiling the menace
of piracy and terror, India was cooperating with it
in tackling them. New Delhi for extending a USD
75 million financial package
• South Africa as “one of our closest strategic
partners in the developing world and in the
African continent.
• Both are members of various international
fora, including the United Nations Security
Council, G-20, IBSA, BRICS, IOR-ARC
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