Mina Al Hosn 1394 BIPV-s

Mina Al-Hosn 1394 BIPV
The Challenge
Challenge of the design:
PV panels must integrate the architecture's beauty
Optimize the reception of solar energy
PV must fit the thermal insulation of the facades & be well
cooled to prevent losses
Heavy duty hardware is used: PV panels, cables & connectors
as well as inverters must be heavy duty to be alive during >25 Y
Optimize the string distribution to minimize shadowing effect
Architectural BIPV:
At the beginning of this project, in 2008 until the decision in
2011, the only PV for architecture was the “Thin Film”
Thin Film best efficiency was 11.3% (CIGS), now we find 13.5%
Another new solution developed in the EPFL and manufactured
in the UAE which is a selective filter reflecting only one color
from the solar spectrum!
We get an efficiency reduction not more than 10%. So using this
technology we can use the highest efficiency in panels without
important reduction due to this filter!
We used dummy panels which are exactly the same as the
normal (to prevent color change within the next 25 years) but
with special cut!
Optimizing solar reception:
1. Facades: East, South, West or North ?
In Beirut East, South or West have approx. the same capture
about 1’000 Kwh/sqm/a
We used the East & West since the south had louvers to
protect from solar rays in summer & help in heating in winter!
2. Emplacement must prevent the most shadowed regions, in
our case the most important shadow is from BankMed Bldg.
Insulation & panel cooling:
Thermal insulation & panel cooling are performed as follows
Air gap behind the panel permitting air circulation to perform
natural cooling!
Glass-wool behind this air gap to perform thermal insulation
Glass-wool Insulation
Air gap
PV Panel
Sustainable materials:
Sustainability can not be performed through unknown or
unapproved low cost materials!
We used Q-Cells German panels, MC Swiss connectors &
cables and KACO German inverters, which are all approved
and tested in Switzerland and Europe!
No investment economy is justified for a lifetime of 25years!
String distribution:
Ideally is to get the maximum of MPPT (Max. Power Point
Tracker) for each panel!
We have about 500 panels of 85Wp each
We used 33 inverters (with transformer) of about 2KW each
String distribution was performed to get one string for each
group of panels having the same direct sun light (at the
same time): our strings are for max. 6 panels, due to the
high voltage of the Thin Film technologies!
1. Instead of using classical passive cladding materials, we are
ready to advice you in BIPV solutions
2. You may invest about 50% to 100% more but certainly you
get more than this investment within few years!
3. To be known that the oil price is going up 11.5%/year in the
last 18 years!