Population and Housing
censuses: Use of census data
for gender statistics
Presented by:
SLIMANI Salma
HCP Statistics Directorate
Regional workshop on integrating a gender perspective in the production of statistics
Amman, Jordan
1 – 4 December 2014
Course Title |This is the slide title
Contents

National strategy for gender equality

International commitments
 Population size by sex : A brief history of
Morocco (1960 – 2014)

Population Pyramid by Sex and Age Group, 2014

Population characteristics
National strategy for gender equality
 The legal and institutional arsenal provided by the new Moroccan
Constitution (2011) promoting gender equality;
 Legislative and legal reforms (Family code, Penal code, Labor code, law of
civil registration, political parties law, new communal charter, …);
 Economic and social empowerment through NHDI initiative and many
sectorial programs;
 Political and administrative empowerment
 Quotas :17% parliament, 12% municipalities;
 Incentive system for political parties to rise women’s representation.
 Strategies and programs, ex: multisectorial TAMKIN program and IKRAM
program.
International commitments

The Beijing Platform for Action;

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against
Women (CEDAW);

MDG (millennium development goal) and the transversality gender
equality goal in the post-2015.
Population size by sex : A brief
history of Morocco (1960 – 2014)
Population in Millions
33,4
29,8
18
26
16
20,4
14
15,3
12
10
8
11,6
16,8 16,6
15 14,8
13,1 12,9
10,2 10,2
Female
7,7 7,7
Male
5,8 5,8
6
4
2
0
1960
1971
1982
1994
2004
2014
*
Sex Ratio (2014) : 98,8 %
Total population : 33 millions ( 49,7 % males and 50,3 % females)
* Based on population projections updates made on the basis of 2004 census and 2009-2010 demographic national survey.
Population Pyramid by Sex and Age
Group, 2014
75+
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4
Female
2000
1500
Male
1000
500
0
500
1000
1500
Data based on population projections updates made on the basis of 2004 census and 2009-2010
demographic national survey.
2000
Population characteristics







Household Head
Polygamy
Education and illiteracy
Economic activity
Single Mean Age at Marriage
Fertility
Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex
Education and illiteracy
Highest grade completed in
Education
school
during 2013-2014
For every member of the
household
Highest educational diploma
Illiteracy and languages
Public education
Were you in school
during 2013-2014?
Every person (10 years old and over)
Type of
Specify and code education [1] Yes, at general
Do you
last year in school
educknow how to
ation for the whole read and
[1]
year
Examples
write?
[2] Yes, at general
[00] None
Public
[1]
education, but not
[13] fourth primary
Yes
finished
[18] third
elementary
[23] Second high
school
Other, specify
[3]Yes, at
professional
training for the
Private whole year
[2]
[4] Yes, at
professional
training, but not
finished
[5]No
Professional education
Specify and code up
to three spoken and
written languages
[0] No diploma
Note highest earned
diploma
[0] No diploma
Note highest earned
diploma
[1] Arabic
[2] Amazigh
(Tifinagh)
and code [1]
[3] French
Examples :
[2]
[4] English
Elementary degree
No
[5] Spanish
Doctorate in surgery
[6] Other languages, Architect
specify
and code [1]
Examples :
Certificate in secreteriat
Technician in
management
Technician in hotelry
Education and illiteracy
Children never attending primary school
1200
1000
800
Female
600
Male
400
200
0
1982
1994
2004
2012
Education and illiteracy
Ratio of female to male school enrollment (%)
100
83 84
90
80
70
68
91
89 87 94
73 72
60
Tertiary
50
secondary
40
Primary
30
20
10
0
1994
2004
2010
Education and illiteracy
Illiteracy rate by Sex for population aged 10 and
above
90
65
55
78
80
67
70
60
43
55
51
50
41
40
Male
39
30
20
10
0
1982
1994
2004
Female
Economic Activity
Economic
Duration
activity status
[00] Econ.
For 7 years old and over
For 15 years old and over
active
For the
[01]
Unemployed 1 unemplo
yed
Did you work last
Do you have a job even if
Are you currently
[02]
week even for one
seasonal?
looking for a job?
Unemployed 2
hour?
Why aren’t you [03]
looking for a job? Housewife
Specify economic activity
[04] Student
[05] Landlord
Duration
of
[07] Disabled, unemplo
sick
yment
[08] Elderly (in years)
[06] Retired
[09] Child
[10] Other
cases
Economic Activity
Primary profession
Employment status
Primary economic activity of
establishment
for the employed and the unemployed
write in detail
[1] Employer of less than 5
persons
write in detail primary
Primary profession
[2] Employer of more than 5
persons
[3] Self employed
economic activity
and code [1]
of establishment
and code [1]
[4] Salaried in public sector
Examples :
[5] Salaried in private sector
[6] Family aid
High school principal
[7] Apprentice
Examples :
Wholeseller of fabric
[8] Associate
[9] Other specify
Whole selling
Medicine
Single Mean Age at Marriage
(SMAM)
35
30
27,1
25,5
24
Age
25
31,4
31,2
30
25,8
26,3
26,6
22,2
19,6
17,5
20
Male
Female
15
10
5
0
1960
*
1971
1982
1994
Data based on 2009-2010 demographic national survey.
2004
2010 *
Fertility
For non-single women (i.e., married, widowed, or divorced), specify the total number of live births
For every woman
For 55 years old and less
Number of children who
died
Female
Number of
children who
died
Female
Number of
children living
outside the
household
Number of children
still alive
Male
Number of children
living in the
household
Fertility in the past 12 months
Male
Life time fertility
Fertility
Evolution of the fertility rate (1962-2010)
8
7,2
7
5,91
6
5,52
5
3,28
4
3
Fertility rate
2,47
2,19
2004
2010
2
1
0
1962
1975
1982
1994
Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex:
1952-2010
80
70,6 73
70
58,1
60
50
41,9 43,9
47,3
60,2
63,7
73,9 75,6
66,4
49,1
Male
40
Female
30
20
10
0
1952
1967
1980
1987
2004
2010
Thank you
“The admission of women to complete equality would be the surest sign of
civilization, and would double the intellectual powers of the human race.”
Stendhal (1783-1842)
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