SPAG Level 5-6 - Ladybird Learning

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SPAG
Level 5-6
Contents
5. Introduction
6-8. Punctuation definitions
9-10. Omission and Possession
11-16. Punctuation
17-20. Spelling
21-23. Nouns
24-25. Adjectives
26-28. Verbs and Adverbs
29. Articles
30. Prepositions
31-33. Simple, Compound, Complex
34-36. Clauses
37-40. Connectives
41. Subordinating, Coordinating
connectives
42-44. Clauses and Phrases
45-47. Past, Present and Future
48-50. Commands and Statements
51. Imagery
52-53. Alliteration
54-55. Simile
56-57. Metaphors
58-59. Onomatopoeias
60-61. Personification
62-63. Active and Passive
64-65. Noun Phrases
66-67 Adverbial Phrase
68-69. Adjective Phrase
70-71. Impersonal and Personal
72. Writing Concisely
Introduction to SPAG
SPAG is all about Spelling,
Punctuation and Grammar. It is
a very important thing in life
because we are writing things
every day.
Punctuation
A
.
“”
‘
,
!
;
:
-
()
?
Can you match the punctuation with the correct
meaning.
Used to mark a
.
small pause
,
Used after
humour or
onomatopoeias
?
Used to mark
the end of a
sentence
!
Used to mark
the beginning
and end of
dialogue.
“”
Used to mark
the end of a
question
;
:
‘
-
Used to add in extra
info or for
compound words
Used in a list that
has longer listed
items and to add
more info
Used to mark
contractions
Used to mark extra
information
Used to mark the
beginning of a list
()
Omission and Possession!
These are the two types of
apostrophe. The
apostrophe of omission is
to show missing letters
like the word here’s. The
apostrophe of possession
shows that something
belongs to someone like
the boy’s dog.
Can you add in the apostrophes and
tick whether they are omission or
possession!
Rebeccas bicycle was very shiny.
Omission
Possession
Oliver didnt want to go to the dentist.
Omission
Possession
Shell have to catch the spider!
Omission
Possession
Can you put the correct
Punctuation in the sentences!
where is the circus
Today we are going to london.
Abbie who is 11 is a very pretty girl.
Suddenly there was a huge BANG
“Are you coming to my birthday
party asked Tammy
For the camping trip youll need a
sleeping bag, a torch, pyjamas
and a teddy.
Dont ever enter the cellar it is so
spooky.
Robs car is super sporty it can
reach a top speed of 300mph
“no” shouted Lucy “youll regret
this”
“Wheres my beautiful dog Jessica,
Youd better find it!”
The boy who is amazing at
football scored a wonderful goal.
In my lunchbox, I would like: an
apple, crisps, salad sandwiches
and loads of chocolate!
the following activities will be on
offer a giant swing which is a
thrilling high ride a maze where
tons of people have gone missing
a zip wire that zooms by and a
never-ending underground tunnel
Can you spot all the
punctuation errors in the text?
george was a very naughty cat. One sunny
friday morning, George crept down the
stairs and drank all the milk he could find
semi skimmed, goats milk and even
Harrys milkshake. Later on Harry
Georges owner came down for a glass
of milkshake. Oh No. There was none in
the fridge. Wheres all my delicious
milkshake gone he asked.
harry glared down at George
unfortunately spotting a drip of
banana milkshake running down his
whisker. “George, come here now”
he screamed. george couldn’t wait
any longer he shot out the cat flap,
ran down the road and jumped onto
the back of a van. Suddenly George
noticed what he had done, he had
leaped on the back of a milk van
George lay down and gazed at all
the lovely milk he was about to enjoy
Spelling
Tick whether the spelling is incorrect
or correct.
Surprise
Addision
Comunication
Advertisement
Dezign
Translate
Destroyer
Exquisit
Brocoli
Collission
Extravagant
Phenomenom
Deceitful
Polystyrene
Immitation
dependent
Undoutedly
Occassion
Citizen
Influence
Proportion
Representetive
Nouns
There are 5 types of noun: Collective,
abstract, common, pronoun and
proper. A collective noun is a group
word like army, herd and swarm. An
abstract noun is something you can’t
touch like happiness. A common
noun is normal like a table, pencil
and door. A pronoun is a word used
instead of a noun like she, he or it. A
proper noun ALWAYS begins with a
capital letter. It is normally a place or
name like London, Jack and Lisa.
Can you identify the types of noun
that are in red?
Last year we went on holiday to
Greece.
When I failed my exam, I fell to the
floor in disappointment.
Connor has got a really cool calculator!
Yesterday we saw a gaggle of geese
wander in the playground.
All you need to belong is love.
He is like a professional at football.
We cant get in the house unless you
find the key.
Pull the curtains and let the show
begin!
On the farm we saw a flock of sheep.
In our class, William is the cleverest at
maths.
It had sharp teeth and fierce eyes.
Sadness exploded in my heart, I hadn't
passed my exams.
Apparently soon will be the start of a
new war.
Maisie is incredible at athletics, she
shoots down the track like a bullet.
Adjectives
Adjectives are words that describe
nouns like amazing, small and
pink.
Can you think of your own
adjectives for the sentences below?
The food was
Kieron has an
watch.
The cottage down the road is
The
sea was warmed by
the
sun.
The cellar is full of
cobwebs
and
floorboards.
Amy thought hedgehogs were
Verbs and Adverbs
A verb is known as a doing word
like run, dance and jump. All
verbs can have the word to in
front of them.
An adverb describes a verb like I
ran quickly to the shops. Ran is
the verb and quickly is the
adverb.
Can you think of your own verbs
for the following sentences?
In choir we are
a funny
song.
I love to
pictures of my
house.
In the triple jump you have to hop,
and jump.
I had to
out a story on the
computer.
Callum
the yummy icecream.
Can you think of your own adverbs
for the following sentences?
The snail slithered
up the
leaf.
Charlie
placed the last
card on the top.
Ella danced
across
the stage.
George
spoke the opening
lines of the play.
Jamie walked through the spooky
forest
.
Articles
Articles are a, an, the. They are
very simple so you just need to
learn them.
Prepositions
Prepositions are words that show
location like:
On
Under
Beside
At
In
They are very simple so you just
need to learn them.
Simple, Compound, Complex
These are the 3 types of sentences.
Simple has no connective, it has 1
subject and 1 verb. A compound
sentence includes a connective
which joins 2 simple sentences
together. Complex sentences include
commas to mark clauses.
Simple: The birds sang.
Compound: The birds sang and flew
around the trees.
Complex: The birds, who loved
music, sang and flew around the
trees.
Can you identify each
group for the sentences?
Jason loves the sun but not the
rain.
Ananya likes horse-riding.
The council shut the road so they
could fill in the potholes.
Adam, who loves playing the
lottery, bought tons of tickets.
Millie is a very friendly girl.
If you want to see Little Mix at the
02, an arena in London, you will
have to by tickets quickly.
Ruth loves football and street
dance.
Mrs Hyde is extremely good at
maths so she is always up for
solving problems.
Put your pencil down.
Florence, our pet cat, loves to play
with wool.
Clauses
There are 2 main types of clause.
A main clause and a
subordinate clause. A main
clause makes sense on its own
however a subordinate clause
doesn’t.
Below the main clause is in red
and the subordinate is in blue.
After we had our lunch, we went
out to play.
Can you identify the two
clauses in the sentences.
Behind the tree, there is an ants
nest.
After six tonight, there will be a
firework display at the pier.
If you want to succeed, you have
to believe I yourself.
Over the style, you will find the
treasure.
On the shelf, there are around one
million books.
Behind the school, there are two
gigantic sports fields.
There is an epic roller coaster,
opposite the terror tower.
Inside the cupboard, you will find
the most amazing discoveries.
Below the sea, it is said that there
are over ten million fossil shells.
Connectives
These are words that join clauses
like:
It rained today so there were lots
of puddles outside.
They might also be called
conjunctions.
Here are some useful
connectives:
So
consequently
but
even though
and
because
due to
however
whereas
although
despite
therefore
Can you fill in the gaps with an
appropriate connective?
I love hamsters
pigs.
The sun is helpful
us with light.
We went outside
weather.
Charles is strong
amazing at rugby.
guinea
it provides
the
he is
Dad bought us a goal
we
could play football.
The Christmas tree looked
fabulous
of all the
decorations.
You will need to bring goggles, a
swimsuit
a towel.
The council closed the road
they could fill in the potholes.
The sports centre closed down
they weren't earning
enough money.
Subordinating and Coordinating
connectives
Subordinating connectives are used
when there is a subordinate
clause. Like…
Because it was raining, we had to
stay indoors.
Coordinating connectives join two
parts of equal importance. Like...
Frankie and Samuel
I remember by subordinating is
subordinate clause
Phrases and Clauses
The difference between a clause
and a phrase is a clause
contains a subject and a verb
whereas a phrase does NOT
contain a verb.
Phrase: Behind the chair
Clause: The baby laughed
Can you identify whether the
following are clauses or phrases?
The large present
The tall girl
The dog barked
The exquisite cottage
The door creaked
On the window sill
The bunny hopped
The prestigious trophy
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
The sun vanished
The mouse clicked
Behind the bowl
The bulb flashed
Beside the basket
The assertive girl
The volcanoes erupted
The sweet cottage
The tasty pie
The sea roared
C
C
C
C
P
P
P
P
C
C
C
P
P
P
C
C
C
P
P
P
Past, present and future.
Each verb has a different way of
saying the past, present and
future. For example Run
Past: Ran
Present: Running
Future: Run
Can you pick the right tense
for the missing verbs.
Tomorrow I will swim to the island.
Yesterday I swam to the island
Yesterday I drove to the beach.
Now I am
to the beach
Now I am singing a song
Tomorrow I will
a song
Yesterday I drew a picture.
Today I will
a picture.
Yesterday I brushed my horse.
Now I am
my horse.
Tomorrow we will go to the shops
Yesterday we
to the shops.
Tommorow I will cut my hair.
Yesterday I
my hair
Commands and Statements
Commands are bossy and begin
with a bossy verb like…
Go and get your pencil.
Statements are normal sentences
like…
I love pets
Can you identify whether the
following sentences are commands
or statements.
Ducks have webbed feet.
C
S
Put down that thing
C
S
Pull the blinds
C
S
Frogs are funny creatures.
C
S
Bees make honey.
C
S
Bake me a cake.
C
S
Arrest him.
C
S
I love reading.
C
S
Click on the red button.
C
S
Imagery
To help us describe things we use
imagery.
Alliteration
Similes
Metaphors
Onomatopoeias
Personification
Alliteration
Alliteration is where you repeat
the same starting letter. Like…
Slippery, slimy snake.
Can you think of 2 other
adjectives for each noun to create
alliteration.
____________________ desert
____________________ cat
____________________ grass
____________________ rat
____________________ beach
____________________ elephant
____________________ snail
____________________ tree
Simile
A simile is when you describe
something like or as something.
Like…
The firework was like a million
glowing diamonds.
The building was as high as the
clouds
Can you think of the rest of
the simile.
The sea was as blue as ________
Eli was as fast as _____________
Miss Hicks was as funny as a
_________
The scene was perfect like a
__________
The jumper was as red as ______
The cat was as fluffy as a _______
Metaphors
Metaphors are similar to similes
however metaphors describe
something as something. Like…
The sea was a raging monster
Can you think of the rest of
the metaphor
The wind was a
___________________________
The baby was a
___________________________
His brain was a
___________________________
The clouds were
___________________________
Onomatopoeias
Onomatopoeias are words that
sound like what they say. They
are very effective.
Like…
Bang
Meow
Can you think of your own
onomatopoeias that fit the sentences.
The symbols made a loud_______
Bees _________
The sinister snake _________
When I jumped in the water there
was a loud _______
The rain_________ on the
rooftops.
The calm sea ________ softly.
Personification
Personification is where you give non
human beings a human action.
Like…
The stars danced merrily in the moonlit
sky.
The sun drew open my curtains and
showed me its gleaming rays. .
We know this is personification
because in real life stars cannot
dance and the sun cannot open your
curtains!
Can you think of personification
for these non human beings.
The sea ____________________
The clouds__________________
The snow___________________
The storm___________________
The thunder_________________
The river____________________
The clock hands______________
The engine__________________
The branches________________
Active and Passive
The majority of sentences are
active, where the subject is
doing the thing. Like…
Anne washed the dishes.
The passive form of this sentence
would therefore be…
The dishes were washed by Anne.
Can you identify whether the following
sentences are Active or Passive.
The food was eaten by Yasmin.
A
P
The gold was stolen by the burglar.
A
P
Ethan completed his homework.
A
P
The bill was paid by Mrs Rumbold.
A
P
Ted completed the puzzle.
A
P
Noun phrases
Easy! In fact, in your writing you
probably use them quite a lot.
So, what are they?
Well instead of writing
The fence
We can write
The ramshackle fence behind the pond
All they do is tell us a bit more about
the noun.
Can you expand the noun into
a noun phrase?
The cellar
_______________________________
The garden
_______________________________
The painting
_______________________________
The teacher
_______________________________
The tractor
_______________________________
Adverbial Phrase
An adverbial phrase is a short bit
of detail which adds extra info
like
She will be arriving in a short time.
Fred is waiting near the wall.
Can you add an adverbial
phrase on each sentence
There will be a storm
____________________________
You will find the treasure
____________________________
A dog attacked your cat
____________________________
Put the slow down hump
____________________________
Adjective Phrase
Adjective phrases include an
adjective and a word that
describes the adjective. Like:
Incredibly pretty
Can you think of your own
adjective phrases for the following
sentences?
Pinocchio's nose grew
___________________________
Just before lunch I get
___________________________
The chilli sauce was
___________________________
The cottage on the hill was
___________________________
Impersonal and Personal
Depending on the style of writing,
you will need to write in either
personal or impersonal.
Personal writing is where you
mention I, you, their, me
(basically anything personal)
and therefore impersonal writing
is where you do not use
personal words.
Can you identify all the
personal words in this text.
I believe that closing down the
local sports centre will not be a
terrific idea. Do you visit this
centre regularly? Well I do. Me
and my friend go swimming
every Saturday. Wouldn’t it be a
shame if it shut down? Your
fitness is incredibly important
too. Therefore please join my
campaign to save the sports
Centre! Thank you for your help.
Writing Concisely
As we head up to the level 6
curriculum, Writing concisely
and avoiding unwanted words
becomes incredibly important.
To write concisely, you have to
make sure your work includes
no unwanted repetition or
words.
I hope that you found my SPAG
powerpoint useful and fun.
If you did why not try looking at
my other powerpoint on Maths
Created by Liberty!
Thank you for using
my Website!
www.ladybird-learning.co.uk
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