Phrases & Clauses

Read and review
Appositive – a noun phrase that renames another noun right
beside it.
The insect, a cockroach, crawled across the table.
Prepositional Phrase – begins with a preposition and ends
with its object.
The book on the shelf belongs to James.
Infinitive Phrase – begins with “to” + verb, plus any modifiers.
Janice and her friends went to the mall to flirt with the cute guys.
Participial Phrase – begins with a verb, plus any modifiers.
Acts like an ADJECTIVE.
The horse trotting up to the fence hopes that you have an apple or carrot.
Gerund Phrase – includes noun made from a verb by adding "ing” and its modifiers. Acts like a NOUN.
Eating too many blackberries will make you ill.
Independent = subject + verb
CAN stand alone as a complete sentence.
I like coconut macaroons.
Dependent = subject + verb
CANNOT stand alone as a complete sentence.
which you gave me last week
Identify the underlined part of
the sentences…Ready? Set?
At summer camp, Arnie sighted a large
animal, a water buffalo, grazing in the
An officer ticketed Grandpa for driving
without tires.
Pretending he was a walrus, Elroy
stuck French fries up his nose.
To avoid calling attention to himself,
Rutherford sometimes wears a paper sack
over his head.
Only heartless jerks feed beef jerky to
poor toothless turkeys
Bobbing for lobsters is a fun, but
painful, party game.
People with tiny teeth have
problems eating tough cookies.
Dotty was alarmed to find a whisker
on her hot dog.
Little Wilbur threw a tantrum on his
birthday because he wanted creamed
corn instead of cake
Fabio bought a commemorative stamp that
celebrates the first postal stamp.
For some reason, porcupines often
have bonding issues.
“Is it true that baboons eat ticks?”
asked Rick.