PHRASES & CLAUSES REVIEW ENTRY TASK: Read and review Appositive – a noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. The insect, a cockroach, crawled across the table. Prepositional Phrase – begins with a preposition and ends with its object. The book on the shelf belongs to James. Infinitive Phrase – begins with “to” + verb, plus any modifiers. Janice and her friends went to the mall to flirt with the cute guys. Participial Phrase – begins with a verb, plus any modifiers. Acts like an ADJECTIVE. The horse trotting up to the fence hopes that you have an apple or carrot. Gerund Phrase – includes noun made from a verb by adding "ing” and its modifiers. Acts like a NOUN. Eating too many blackberries will make you ill. CLAUSES Independent = subject + verb CAN stand alone as a complete sentence. I like coconut macaroons. Dependent = subject + verb CANNOT stand alone as a complete sentence. which you gave me last week PHRASES & CLAUSES Identify the underlined part of the sentences…Ready? Set? Go! At summer camp, Arnie sighted a large animal, a water buffalo, grazing in the woods. An officer ticketed Grandpa for driving without tires. Pretending he was a walrus, Elroy stuck French fries up his nose. To avoid calling attention to himself, Rutherford sometimes wears a paper sack over his head. Only heartless jerks feed beef jerky to poor toothless turkeys Bobbing for lobsters is a fun, but painful, party game. People with tiny teeth have problems eating tough cookies. Dotty was alarmed to find a whisker on her hot dog. Little Wilbur threw a tantrum on his birthday because he wanted creamed corn instead of cake Fabio bought a commemorative stamp that celebrates the first postal stamp. For some reason, porcupines often have bonding issues. “Is it true that baboons eat ticks?” asked Rick.