Politics 1820-1840

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Politics 1820-1840
I.
II.
Intro
Era of Good Feelings…?
(1817-1825)
A. Missouri Crisis
B. Foreign Policy
III. Andrew Jackson (1829-37)
A. 1828 Election
B. Jacksonian Democracy
C. Limits
IV. Conc.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key Terms
Henry Clay
Missouri Compromise
John Q. Adams
Monroe Doctrine
Battle of New Orleans
Cherokee Trail of
Tears
Era Of Good Feelings
(1817-1825)
Actually…..not everything was
so good.
James Monroe
(1817-1825)
Missouri Crisis
• In 1819 Missouri applied for statehood as a
slave state.
• This would break the balance between the 11
Free States and 11 Slave States.
Who Had The Solution…?
Speaker of the House
Henry Clay
Missouri Compromise
(1820)
1. Missouri entered the Union as a slave state.
2. Maine entered the Union as a free state.
3. In future, slavery was prohibited in the
Louisiana Purchase Territory north of 36°30’.
Foreign Policy
(What were the concerns?)
1. Spanish colonies gained independence
2. Russia’s exploration of Oregon Territory
Foreign Policy Concerns
(Who had the solution…?)
Secretary of State
John Q. Adams
Monroe Doctrine
(1823)
1. European powers cannot interfere with
independent nations nor establish new
Colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
2. In return, the US pledged to stay out of
European affairs.
Significance Of Monroe Doctrine
• This has been the foundation of US foreign
policy for nearly 200 years!
Presidential Election Of 1828
1828 Election (131 = Majority)
Candidate
Electoral
Vote
Popular
Vote
Andrew Jackson
178
56%
83
44%
John Q. Adams
Jackson & Democracy
1. Supported elimination of
property qualifications to
vote
2. Jackson’s Inauguration =
Symbol
President Andrew
Jackson
Jackson & Democracy
•
Thousands traveled
to see “Old Hickory”
Chaos at the Inauguration
Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Jackson & Democracy
1. Supported elimination of
property qualifications to
vote
2. Jackson’s Inauguration =
Symbol
3. Argued voters should
directly elect President,
Senators, & Judges
President Andrew
Jackson
Limits To Jacksonian Democracy
Political Cartoon “King
Andrew I”
• Jackson’s use of the veto
• Jackson was a slave owner
• He did not support equality for
women
• He did support Indian
Removal:
– Removal of Native
Americans to Indian
Territory out West
Presidents & Vetoes
President
Total
Vetoes
Washington (1789-1797)
2
Adams (1797-1801)
0
Jefferson (1801-1809)
0
Madison (1809-1817)
7
Monroe (1817-1825)
1
Q. Adams (1825-1829)
0
Jackson (1829-1837)
12
Cherokee Trail Of Tears
Background
• Cherokee had been told to assimilate into US
society & many did
• They were still forced to move
Cherokee Trail Of Tears
(1838)
• 15,000-18,000 began the journey in 1838
• 25% died along the way
Politics 1820-1840
I.
II.
Intro
Era of Good Feelings…?
(1817-1825)
A. Missouri Crisis
B. Foreign Policy
III. Andrew Jackson (1829-37)
A. 1828 Election
B. Jacksonian Democracy
C. Limits
IV. Conc.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key Terms
Henry Clay
Missouri Compromise
John Q. Adams
Monroe Doctrine
Battle of New Orleans
Cherokee Trail of
Tears
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