Adjectives - Rackspace

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CLASS - V
ENGLISH
- by Prem kaur
What is an Adjective?
An adjective is a word that tells us more
about a noun or a pronoun.
An adjective describes or modifies a noun.
Three Questions
Adjectives usually answer three questions about the nouns
they describe:
1. What kind of?
· I found a red rose in the cave.
· What kind of rose? Red
2. How many?
· Three tickets, please.
· How many tickets? Three.
3. Which one(s)?
· I would eat these muffins.
· Which muffins? These.
Kinds of adjectives.
1. Adjectives of Quality
2. Adjectives of Quantity
3. Adjectives of Number
4. Demonstrative Adjective
5. Interrogative Adjective
1. Adjectives of Quality
(Descriptive Adjective)
Adjectives of Quality (Descriptive Adjective)
show the kind or quality of a person or thing.
Example:1. London is a large city.
2. He is an honest man.
3. The foolish crow tried to sing.
Adjectives formed from Proper Nouns (e.g.,
French wines, Indian tea, Turkish tobacco) are
sometimes called Proper Adjectives.
Adjectives of Quality answer the question: Of what
kind?
2. Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of Quantity show how much of a thing
is meant.
Examples:1. I ate some rice.
2. He has little intelligence.
3. He showed much patience.
4. He has lost all his wealth.
Adjectives of Quantity answer the question: How
much?
3. Adjectives of Number
(Numeral Adjective)
Adjectives of Number (Numeral Adjective)
show how many persons or things are meant, or in
what order a person or thing stands.
Example:1. The hand has five fingers.
2. Most boys like cricket.
3. Sunday is the first day of the week.
4. There are no pictures in this book.
5. Here are some ripe mangoes.
Adjectives of Number answer the question: How
many?
Adjectives of Number
3 kinds
a). Definite Numeral
Adjectives, which
denote an exact
number as,
One, two, three, etc. These are called
Cardinals.
First, second, third,
etc. - These are called
Ordinals.
b). Indefinite Numeral
Adjectives, which do not
denote an exact number,
All, many, few, some, any,
several, certain.
c). Distributive Numeral
Adjectives, which refer to
each one of a number, as
Each boy must take his
turn.
India expects every man to
do his duty.
Either pen will do.
4. Demonstrative Adjective
. Demonstrative Adjective point out which person
or thing is meant.
Example:That boy is clever.
These mangoes are sour.
I hate such things.
This and that are used with Singular Nouns,
these and those with Plural Nouns.
5. Interrogative Adjective
Interrogative Adjective - What,
which and whose when they are used
with nouns to ask questions.
Example:What manner of man is he?
Whose book is this?
Which way shall we go?
Can you find the adjectives?
First find the nouns…
He found two pennies on the ground.
Then ask, “What words describe the
nouns?”
WHAT KIND?
WHICH ONE?
HOW MANY?
Can you find the adjectives?
The rabbit followed the slow turtle.
Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?”
WHAT KIND?
WHICH ONE?
HOW MANY?
Can you find the adjectives?
First find the nouns…
The children heard the loud bell.
Then ask, “What words describe the
nouns?”
WHAT KIND?
WHICH ONE?
HOW MANY?
Can you find the adjectives?
First find the nouns…
The brown dog growled at the tall man.
Then ask, “What words describe the nouns?”
WHAT KIND?
WHICH ONE?
HOW MANY?
KEEP PRACTISING
Degrees of Comparison
Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one
person or one thing with another.
There are three Degrees of Comparison in English.
They are:
1. Positive degree.
2. Comparative degree.
3. Superlative degree.
The comparative degree is usually
formed by adding _ er
The superlative degree is usually
formed by adding _ est
POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Short
Dark
Lovely
Quiet
Fair
shorter
darker
lovelier
quieter
fairer
shortest
darkest
loveliest
quietest
fairest
POSITIVE DEGREE
Examples
• This house is big.
In this sentence only one noun “The house”
is talked about.
• He is a tall student.
• This flower is beautiful.
• He is an intelligent boy.
Each sentence mentioned above talks
about only one noun.
Comparative degree
When we compare two persons or
two things with each other,
We use both the Positive degree and
Comparative degree.
Examples
a. This church is bigger than that one.
(Comparative degree)
This church is not as big as that one.
(Positive degree)
The term “bigger” is comparative version of
the term “big”.
Both these sentences convey the same
meaning.
c. He is more intelligent than this girl.
(Comparative)
She is not as intelligent as this boy.
(Positive)
The term “more intelligent” is comparative
version of the term “intelligent”.
Both these sentences convey the same
meaning.
Superlative Degree
When we compare more than two
persons or things with one another,
We use all the three Positive,
Comparative and Superlative
degrees.
Examples
a. This is the biggest house in this street.
(Superlative)
This house is bigger than any other house
in this street. (Comparative)
No other house in this street is as big as
this one. (Positive)
The term “biggest” is the superlative
version of the term “big”.
All the three sentences mean the same.
b. This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden.
(Superlative)
This flower is more beautiful than any other flower in this
garden. (Comparative)
No other flower in this garden is as beautiful as this one.
(Comparative)
The term “most beautiful” is the superlative version of the
term “beautiful”.
All the three sentences mean the same.
c. He is the most intelligent boy in this
class. (Superlative)
He is more intelligent than other boys in the
class. (Comparative)
No other boy is as intelligent as this boy.
(Positive)
The term “most intelligent” is superlative
version of the term “intelligent”.
All these sentences convey the same
meaning.
*Degrees of Comparison are
applicable only to Adjectives and
Adverbs*
NAUGHTY COMPARISONS
POSITIVE COMPARATIVE
Good
better
Little
less/lesser
Bad
worse
Old
older/elder
Many/much
more
SUPERLATIVE
best
least
worst
oldest/eldest
most
LET’S PRACTISE
SMALL
FAST
SMALLER
FASTER
SMALLEST
FASTEST
HAPPY
HAPPIER
HAPPIEST
FUNNY
FUNNIER
FUNNIEST
BIG
BEAUTIFUL
BIGGER
MORE BEAUTIFUL
BIGGEST
MOST BEAUTIFUL
DANGEROUS
MORE DANGEROUS
POWERFUL
MORE POWERFUL
MOST DANGEROUS
MOST POWERFUL
THANKS
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