Integrated Course of College English The Third Two Periods Unit Ten Book Four Designed by SHAO Hong-wan Writing and Exercises • • • • • • • Warming-up----Tongue Twister Review--- Words and expressions Writing Skill---Practical writing Enriching Your Word Power Do Exercises Compound Dictation Proverbs and Quotations Tongue Twist 1. How may saws could a see-saw saw if a see-saw could saw saws? 2. How much oil boil can a gum boil boil if a gum boil can boil oil? 3. I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasn't the thought I thought I thought. If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I wouldn't have thought so much. 4. I wish I were what I was when I wished I were what I am. 5. I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish. 6. I wish you were a fish in my dish 7. If two witches would watch two watches, which witch would watch which watch? 8. If you notice this notice, you will notice that this notice is not worth noticing. 9. It's not the cough that carries you off, it's the coffin they carry you off in! 10. Little red lorry Useful Expressions 1.充实（空虚）的生活 a(n) full (empty) life 2.老一套的怨言 traditional complaints 3.生活的焦点 the focus of one’s life 4.个性和创造性的源泉 the source of one’s identity and creativity 5.发挥潜在能力 realize one’s potential 6.精神病诊所 a mental health clinic 7.医疗作用 a healing effect 8.重新获得自信 gain renewed self-confidence 9.最严重的症状 the most acute symptoms 10.心理上的病痛 psychological troubles 11. 迅速恶化 deteriorate rapidly 12. 渴望一种成就感 long for a sense of being accomplished 13. 欣赏自己的产品 admire the product of one’s personal skill 14. 应付各种各样的人物 handle various kinds of personalities 15. 在很大程度上 in significant measure 16. 消耗精力 expend energy (energy expenditure) 17. 为自己的出众才能感到自豪 pride oneself on a distinctive ability 18. 配合默契 perfect coordination 19. 冲突, 摩擦 rough edges 20. 想方设法做…… seek ways of doing … Directions: Replace the underlined parts in the following sentences with words or phrases from the box. Change the forms if necessary. Pleases note: each word or phrase can be used only once. aside from fend for unique crucial significant on the whole heal work off capacity associate… with 1. Please inform us if there are any important changes in the significant plan. __________ 2. It is decisive to perform an immediate operation on the crucial injured man. _________ 3. It will take at least one month for the broken bone to be heal healthy again. _________ unique 4. The painter has a special style of his own.______________ 5. People who have a great ability for hard work normally capacity succeed. ____________ aside from fend for unique crucial significant on the whole heal work off capacity associate… with 6. Peter has got rid of ten pounds sicne last winter by running two miles every morning. _________________ worked off 7. When we talk about Dalian, we usually connect it with the sea and the beautiful seashore. associate…with _______________ 8. Apart from large quantities of ordinary steel, Shanghai also Aside from produces many types of highgrade steel. ___________ 9. Both his parents died when he was young, so he has had to look after himself since he was 15.__________ fend for 10. Generally speaking, I’m inclined to agree with you, but we do see things differently in one or two places. On the whole ____________ Writing Practice Directions: In this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “SMOKING”. The first sentence of each paragraph is given. Your part of writing should be no less than 100 words. It is almost known to all that smoking is bad for people’s health. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ _____. Still, many people find it difficult to stop smoking. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________. Measures have been taken to help people keep away from its harm. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________. Sample: It is almost known to all that smoking is bad for people's health. Scientific researches show that smoking can lead to heart disease, cancer and other problem. The World Health Organization says diseases linked to smoking kill at least 2, 500, 000 persons each year. Still, many people find it difficult to stop smoking. One reason is that smoking usually becomes a habitual behavior, and habits, whether good or bad are not easy to be given up. Another reason is the effect of nicotine, the substance found in cigarettes works on people somewhat as drugs do. Measures have been taken to help people keep away from its harm. In many cities, smoking is forbidden in public places. The danger of smoking is warned of everywhere. And newspapers are asked not to publish advertisements for cigarettes. World "No Tobacco Day" is observed every year as the biggest campaign against smoking. Read the following summary of the text and then complete the arguments in the second paragaph: Historically work has been associated with salvery and sin and punishment. Until recently, few people have realize the positive contribution of work to human satisfaction. Aside fron the material things of lif, work provides the more intangible, yet more crucial benefits of psychological well being. Without work, man’s life would be empty. But why should work be such a significant sources of human satisfaction? Firstly___________________________________________ human beings long for a sense of being accomplished. __ people take pride in being part of an accomplished Secondly__________________________________________ work team. __________ 2. Wite a composition entailed True Happiness and Hard Work. Your composition should be based on the following outline given in chinese. 1. 不同的人有不同的幸福观 2. 我的幸福观 3. 我持这一幸福观的原因 Sample Some people think that health is essential to happiness. Ohters believe wealth makes them happy. Still others of a strong intellectual turn of mind look upon wisdom as the source of happiness. In a way, they all have a point. However, health, wealth and wisdom are rewards of your own efforts. For instance, you have to work very hard in order to earn your share of money. Indeed, it is work that helps make us healthy, wealthy and wise. True happiness, to my mind, comes first and last from hard work. We derive great satisfaction from our work also because work constitutes a contribution to the modernization effort. We feel duty bound to do our bit for socialist construction and take pride in the fact that our joint efforts are bringbing properity to our motherland. And then again, we are eager to become more knowledgeable about and efficient in our lines of work. Work, more than anything else, provides us with the muchdesired opportunity to lean and improve ourselves. Enriching Your Word Power 1.The suffix-let is added to nouns to form other nouns, meaning (a)little: booklet=a little book; (b)Things worn as a band on: armlet=a band worn around the arm Now give definitions of the following words: anklet ________________________________________ a band worn around the ankle brooklet a ________________________________________ little brook starlet a little star ________________________________________ a little stream streamlet ________________________________________ Enriching Your Word Power 1. The suffix-like can be added rather freely to nouns to form adjectives, with the meaning of “having the qualities of..” eg: god-godlike lightening-lighteninglike Now form the adjectives by adding –like to the noun given below and then choose suitable ones to complete the following sentences: 1. homelike亲切的 a homelike atmosphere 亲切的氛围 2. doglike忠诚的 doglike faithfulness 非常忠诚 3. statesmanlike有政治家风范的 statesmanlike solution of the proble earn sb the acclaim of all his colleagues 4. sportsmanlike 堂堂正正 manlike 男人似的 not manlike at all 根本不像个 男人 5. businesslike公事公办，有条理的、有效率的 be businesslik in dealing with other people 与别人打交道总是公事公办 6. lifelike 逼真的 7. springlike 像春天 8. childlike 孩子似的 天真 in childlike glee 象孩子一样高兴 2.The prefix inter-means “between”, “among” . It is added to noun, verbs and adjectives to form new nouns, verbs and adjectivews.Eg: action-interaction交互作用 urban—interurban都市间的，无轨电车线 change-interchange 相互交换 relate-interrelate 相互关联 Now give some more words beginning with inter-: international国际的 intercollege学院间的 intercity城市间的 interview接见、会见、面试 interplay相互影响 intermarriage联姻 intercontinental大陆间的 3. The combinin form psycho-means “of the mind”, “menatal.” Eg: psychology-science of the mind psychotherapy—mental therapy Now try to analyze the following words and make a guess at ther mesanings, using an all English dictionary if necessary: 1) psychoanalysis: the examination ofd a person’s mind to discover the uncounscious desires, fears, anxieties which produce certain mental and emotional disorders 2) psychologist : an expert in psychology 3) psychological : of the nind, of psychology 4) psychophysics: the branch of psychology that deals with the physical relations of mental phenomena 5) psychosurgery: brain surgery used in the treatment of certain severe mental illness Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a word or phrase chosen from the Words & Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where necessary. 1. renewed with renewed strength 2. focus as vain as a peacock 爱慕虚荣 the focus of attention 关注焦点 3. took pride in 4. exert, exert all one’s strength 竭尽全力 pull the drowning man out of the river 5. identity, a loss of identity 失去自我 6. necessity, a basic necessity of life 生活基本必需品 7. in particular 特别, in general 笼统，泛泛 8. potential n.潜力 (Attention: it will be mistaken as an adjective) 9. status: n. 地位social status社会地位 10. capacity: n.容量 have the capacity 能容纳 11. contribution:n. 贡献 make great contribution to 12. envy: v. 羡慕、嫉妒 envy & be jealous envy 羡慕 (仍属健康心态) I really envy Professor John Smith, a distinguished professor at Stanford University. But I believe that one day I will be at his level as well. be jealous of， 妒忌 (属不健康心态) Rose is so jealous of Linda who is pretty and has a happy family that she would not go any party as long as she knows Linda would be there. 13. complaint: n. complain v. 投诉、抱怨 14. absence: n. absent: adj. 缺席 in the absence of 缺乏 substantial evidence 充实的证据 suspect: n. 嫌疑犯 15. heal: v. 治愈heal & cure cure指治愈/根治，一般指身心上和肉体上的痊愈 heal指医治/治愈 但有时候不完全代表根治，一般指physically（肉体上） 受伤之后的痊愈 eg: There's no cure to cancer yet.还没有癌症的治愈。（cure的意思代 表了没有对癌症根治的药物） His scar is healing.他的伤疤在痊愈。（在这里 heal就起“正在痊愈” 但还没完全康复的作用） 当然 有时候,cure和heal也会代表同样的意思 如: His illness is curing. （在这里 只说是疾病 并不详细 也就是说身心上 和肉体上都有可能）他的疾病正在痊愈当中。 His wound is healing. (在这里 很明显之肉体上受伤) 他的伤口正在痊 愈当中。 Replace the italicized parts in the following sentences with words or phrases chosen from the Words & Phrases to Drill box. 1. different from anyone’s else unique in particular 2. in general: on the whole 3.considerable: significant 4. employees: staff 5. besides: aside from/ apart from 6. part of: inherent in 7. extremely important crucial 8. side: aspect 9. showed: reflected 10. proved: demonstrated 11. emphasis: focus 12. bad: harmful Complete the following sentences with appropriate phrasal verbs forming from the verbs given below. 1. had longed for 2. stand aside 3. adjusted to harsh weather 恶劣的天气 4. store up 5. fend for 6. derived from 7. belong to 8. worked off 9. be associated with Cloze: fill in the missing words and phrases Passage A: 1. associate…with 2. in particular 3. Aside from 4. financial 5. healed 6. reverse 7. unemployment 8. harmful 9. work off 10. status 11. symptoms 12. acute 13. at work 14. staff 15.institution 16. rather than Passage B. 1. in 2. do/perform 3. own 4. as 5. itself 6. who 7. difference 8. mental 9. worker 10. labor 11. attitude 12. means 13. likely 14, from 15. fewer 16. play/rest 17. What 18. workers 19. get/grow Put the following phrases and expressions into Chinese 1) view as 把……看做…… 2) save one’s energy 省力 现代文明 3) modern civilization 意识到 4) be conscious of 5) make the difference between 6) a full or an empty life 7) be associated with 8) behavioral scientist 9) sense of personal achievement 10)healing effect 11) a good many 12) gain renewed self-confidence 与……区别 充实或空虚生活 与什么相连 行为科学家 个人成就感 治愈效果 许多 从新获得自信 13) mental health problems 心理健康问题 14) acute symptoms 急性病症状 15) exert every effort to do sth 竭尽全力做谋事 16) financial cares 金融问题 17) a good share of 有一份 18) psychological troubles 心理问题 19) fend for oneself 照料自己 20) aside from 除了……还有 21) long for 渴望 22)serve as 把……用作 23) end product 终端产品 24) housekeeping staffs 清洁工 25) laundry staffs 洗衣工 26) deceive into doing 骗某人做什么 27) store up energy 能量储存 28) energy expenditure 能源消耗 29) a stock broker 证券经纪人 30) customer representative 消费者代表 31) interact with sb 与某人交互 32) pride oneselves on sth 以……自豪 33) the running of the organization 机构运行 34) esprit de corps 集体荣誉感 35) a folding chair 折叠椅 36) on the whole 总体而言 37) rough edges 毛边 38) work off 除去、清除 39) in particular 40) make the /one’s point 尤其 证明一个论点 Compound Dictation Directions: You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 1 to 7 with the exact words you have just heard. For the blanks numbered from 8 to 10, you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Everyone knows work provides the ________ material things we need to live. But psychological well-being. people don’t realize just how important work is to our____________ Through work we gain personal happiness and a sense of achievement, the feeling our life has meaning _______. Without it, life can feel empty. __________ being Far from a punishment or burden, work can even cause healing. Depressed people renewed self-confidence and a sense of health through satisfying often gain _________ work. Conversely, many people who retire _______ suffer worries, such as “What do I do with myself?” Humans long for a sense of accomplishment, and work brings them this. Of course, people _________ complain when work is difficult. But underneath, these complaints reflect just how competent we are at accomplishing tough things. And that’s a measure of our individuality and personality. ___________________________________________________ We need to know who we are, and our work life gives us the ___________Moreover, humans need to feel that their abilities contribute chance to do that positively to their community. Constructive work brings them out into the world Group satisfaction, born from teamwork, and in relationship with other people.________________________________ ________________________ balances our private relationships Work relationships generally tend to be Lastly, the pride we take in being part simpler, less complicated and emotional.____________________________ ___________________________________________________________ of a successful organization gives us the irreplaceable feeling of being “a winner” ■ Proverbs and Quotations 1. Work bears witness who does well. 工作能证明谁做得好。 2. It is not work that kills, but worry. 劳动不伤人，忧虑才伤人。 3. He that will not work shall not eat. 不工作者不得食。 4. Happiness, I have discovered, is nearly always a rebound from hard work. — David Grayson, American journalist 我发现，辛勤工作的报酬几乎总是幸福。 —— 美国记者 D•格雷森 5. My philosophy of life is work. — Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor 我的人生哲学就是工作。 —— 美国发明家 T• A•爱迪生 Assignments • Read the phrases again and again after class, next time we’ll have a dictation. • Put the sentences into English and write the composition on your exercise-books. • Do Vocabulary exercises in unit 10. • Go over what we have learned in this term, and prepare the final exam.