Evaluating ICE Quotes - Spring Lake Park Schools

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“ICE” Quotes
YOU NEED YOUR NOTEBOOKS!!
What is “ICE” Quote?
– A way to use primary (Ideas, facts,
evidence, quotations, etc) information and
cite it. Use it…
• When you quote an author directly
• When you use an author’s ideas or opinions
• When you report hard-to-find facts
***If you do not give the source credit it is
plagiarism!***
Quotations
 Definition:
A quotation is a direct and
exact restatement of someone else’s
words.
 A quotation must be set off with
quotation marks.
 Do not take the words out of context
or modify the tone from the original.
 Remain true to the original intention
of the writer.
Why Do I Use a Direct Quotation?
•
•
•
If the info is important and well-phrased
If you can’t say it any better
REMEMBER
• Use the exact words of the source
• Use quotation marks!
• Give credit!
Using Quotations

Do not use a quotation as a separate
sentence unto itself but incorporate it
into the grammar, structure, and “flow”
of your sentence (ICE your quote)

Introduce quotations, do not just drop
them into your essay
HOW Do I Use it?
I = Introduce
 C = Cite - To quote or refer to…
 E = Explain

Introducing a Quote

Include context or information so the reader
knows what you’re talking about.
– Give me plot detail to tell me where in the story
the quote is coming from.
Don’t say “Here’s a quote that….”
 Before using your quote, you should have a
sentence or two that “previews” it for me.
 Try to mix up your wording. “The author
says” or “The author writes” gets repetitive!

Introducing a Quote
Katniss is a character who is very brave. She thinks,
“It’s a horrifying sensation being pinned against the wall as
the bombs rain down.” This shows she is brave because
she putting herself in danger. She shows bravery by risking
her life to ensure the people of Panam can be free from the
rule of President Snow.
EVAULATE:
Is this a good introduction to the quote?
Do you know where this is in the novel?
Do you think this is from The Hunger Games?
Introducing a Quote
Katniss is a character who is very brave. In
Mockingjay she and members of the rebels attempt to storm
the capital. This is a very risky plan as it can turn violent
instantly. As she is approaching the capital building she
thinks, “It’s a horrifying sensation being pinned against the
wall as the bombs rain down.” This shows she is brave
because she putting herself in danger. She shows bravery
by risking her life to ensure the people of Panam can be free
from the rule of President Snow.
EVAULATE:
Is this a good introduction to the quote?
How are they different?
Words to Introduce

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____ argues
_____ asserts
_____ believes
____ agrees
____contends
_____ denies
_____recommends
_____ claims that

In _____ view
 _____ disagrees
when he writes…
 ______ states that
 In her book ____,
_____ maintains
that
Citing A Quote

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Giving Credit to the author.
If the narrator is the one “speaking” you can
cite the author’s last name.
If you are citing dialogue, you can mention
the character.
Don’t always say “the character says…”
Words to use:
Replies, exclaims, remarks, cries, etc.
Explaining a Quote

After you write in the quote, tell me what it
means!
 Relate the explanation back to your main idea.
– This quote shows that Alfonso is unhappy
with his self-esteem because he is actively
trying to change the way he looks.
 Take it one step farther!
– This quote shows that Alfonso is unhappy
with his self-esteem because he is actively
trying to change the way he looks. Readers
can conclude that his low self esteem is a
problem he faces throughout the story.
Ways to Explain
Basically, ____ is saying
 In other words, _____ believes
 ______ is insisting that
 ______ points is that
 The essence of ______ argument is
that

Practice
We’re going to look at examples of
paragraphs with quotations in them.
 I=Introduce
 C = Cite
 E= Explain
Example
Readers can argue that the mood of the
story “The Landlady” is eerie. As Billy was
wandering the street, looking for a place to
stay, he noticed things weren’t as they
seemed. For example, Dahl writes, “But now,
even in the darkness, he could see that the
paint was peeling from the woodwork on their
doors and windows and that the handsome
white facades were cracked and blotchy from
neglect.” Dahl describes the street that Bed
and Breakfast is one. He uses words like
darkness and neglect, words that generally
make people feel cautious and scared rather
than happy.
Example
When describing the character Alfonso in
“Broken Chain,” readers conclude that he
has self-esteem issues. In the beginning of
the story, readers are introduced to Alfonso
who is attempting to straighten his teeth.
Soto writes, “He spent hours in front of the
mirror trying to herd his teeth into place with
his thumb.” In the story, Alfonso is worried
that he is not good-looking, especially
because of crooked teeth.
Example
The character Billy Weaver in “The
Landlady” by Roald Dahl is very naïve. Billy
travels to Bath, England looking for a place to
stay and ends up getting murdered by his
landlady. If Billy had not been so naïve, he
probably wouldn’t have died. There were
many signs that his landlady was a ambiguous
character, yet Billy ignored it. Upon first
meeting the landlady, Dahl writes, “The old girl
is slightly dotty.” Billy himself recognized that
she might be crazy, yet he stayed with her
anyway.
Example
The protagonist in “The Landlady” is Billy
Weaver. Readers can describe him as curious.
When Billy heard the names of the two boys
staying at the bed and breakfast, he was trying
to figure out where he had heard their names.
Author Roald Dahl wrote, “He was still puzzling
his head about the two names. He was positive
now that he had seen them in the newspapers
– in the headlines.” This quotation proves Billy
is curious because he kept trying to determine
where he had heard the names before.
Throughout the remainder of the story, he
would not give up on finding out where he had
heard the names.
Example
In the story “The Landlady,” the protagonist
Billy Weaver is a young man looking for a place
to stay. Readers can characterize him as cocky
and ignorant. Billy’s ignorance is shown when
he first meets with the landlady and told the low
price of the room. The author, Roald Dahl,
writes “It was fantastically cheap. It was less
than half of what he had been willing to pay.”
Readers can infer that Billy is ignorant because
the rent was so low, something must have been
suspicious about the situation.
“Landlady” Assignment
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Decide what adjective you want to use to
describe the Landlady.
Write a topic sentence for your paragraph.
Find a quotation that supports that adjective.
Write the ICE Quote for it. Introduce and
Cite it, then explain how it relates to the
adjective you’re describing her as.
Think of at least 2 other supporting details
that relate to how you’re describing her.
Write your paragraph!
Deceptive
 Spontaneous
 Congenial
 Insecure
 Clever
 Fastidious

Adjectives
Eccentric
 Eager
 Manipulative
 Controlling
 Confident
WARNING!!! YOU CAN
 Cynical
NOT USE MEAN, CRAZY

OR NICE!
“Landlady” Assignment
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Write a character description of the landlady
in Roald Dahl’s story “The Landlady” on
paper you will turn in.
Requirements (this is your checklist!):
You should use one direct quote from the text
to support your opinion, remember to ICE it!
Remember to have a topic sentence.
You should also have two additional details.
Send to [email protected]
Send as a word document.
Subject: Hour, Last Name, First Name, LL Assignment
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