Passive

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As sentenças com objeto direto ou indireto podem ser colocadas na vo
FORMAÇÃO
verbo "to be" + particípio
do "vp“
vp - verbo principal
O tempo do verbo "to be" na voz passiva
deve estar de acordo com o tempo do
verbo na voz ativa.
Singular forms
Simple present
Bill drinks wine. (Bill bebe vinho.)
Wine is drunk by Bill. (Vinho é bebido
por Bill.)
Simple past
Bill drank wine. (Bill bebeu vinho.)
Wine was drunk by Bill. (Vinho foi
bebido por Bill.)
Simple future
Bill will drink wine. (Bill beberá vinho.)
Wine will be drunk by Bill. (Vinho será
bebido por Bill.)
Simple conditional
Bill would drink wine. (Bill beberia vinho.)
Wine would be drunk by Bill. (Vinho seria bebido
por Bill.)
Present continuous
Bill is drinking wine. (Bill está bebendo vinho.)
Wine is being drunk by Bill. (Vinho está sendo
bebido por Bill.)
Past continuous
Bill was drinking wine. (Bill estava bebendo vinho.)
Wine was being drunk by Bill. (Vinho estava
sendo bebido por Bill.)
Present perfect
Bill has drunk wine. (Bill tem bebido vinho.)
Wine has been drunk by Bill. (Vinho tem sido
bebido por Bill.)
Past perfect
Bill had drunk wine. (Bill tinha bebido vinho.)
Wine had been drunk by Bill. (Vinho tinha sido
bebido por Bill.)
Modal verbs
Bill can drink wine. (capacidade)
(Bill pode beber vinho)
Bill may drink wine. (possibilidade)
(Bill pode beber vinho)
Bill must drink wine. (obrigação, necessidade)
(Bill deve beber vinho)
Bill should drink wine. (conselho)
(Bill deveria beber vinho)
Wine can be drunk by Bill.
(Vinho pode ser bebido por
Bill.)
Wine may be drunk by Bill.
(Vinho pode ser bebido por
Bill.)
Wine must be drunk by Bill.
(Vinho deve ser bebido por
Bill.)
Wine should be drunk by Bill.
(Vinho deveria ser bebido
por Bill.)
Summary
Bill drinks wine. (simple present)
Bill was drinking wine. (Past continuous)
Wine is drunk by Bill.
Wine was being drunk by Bill.
Bill drank wine. (simple past)
Bill has drunk wine. (Present perfect)
Wine was drunk by Bill.
Wine has been drunk by Bill.
Bill will drink wine. (simple future)
Bill had drunk wine. (Past perfect)
Wine will be drunk by Bill.
Wine had been drunk by Bill.
Bill would drink wine. (simple conditional)
Bill can drink wine. (Modal verb)
Wine would be drunk by Bill.
Wine can be drunk by Bill.
Bill is drinking wine. (Present continuous)
Wine is being drunk by Bill.
...........
Plural forms
Simple present
John sells computers. (John vende computadores.)
Computers are sold by John. (Computadores são
vendidos por John.)
Simple past
John sold computers. (John vendeu computadores.)
Computers were sold by John. (Computadores foram
vendidos por John)
Simple future
John will sell computers. (John venderá computadores.)
Computers will be sold by John. (Computadores serão
vendidos por John.)
Simple conditional
John would sell computers. (John venderia computadores.)
Computers would be sold by John. (Computers seriam
vendidos por John.)
Present continuous
John is selling computers. (John está vendendo computadores.)
Computers are being sold by John. (Computadores estão
sendo vendidos por John.)
Past continuous
John was selling computers. (John estava vendendo
computadores.)
Computers were being sold by John.(Computadores estavam
sendo vendidos por John)
Present perfect
John has sold computers. (John tem vendido computadores.)
Computers have been sold by John.(Computadores têm sido
vendidos por John.)
Past perfect
John had sold computers. (John tinha vendido computadores.)
Computers had been sold by John. (Computadores tinham sido
vendidos por John)
Modal verbs
John can sell computers. (capacidade)
(John pode vender computadores.)
John may sell computers. (possibilidade)
(John pode vender computadores.)
John must sell computers. (obrigação,
Computers can be sold by John.
(Computadores podem ser vendidos
por John.)
Computers may be sold by John.
(Computadores podem ser vendidos
por John.)
necessidade)
(John deve vender computadores.)
John should sell computers. (conselho)
(John deveria vender computadores.)
Computers must be sold by John.
(Computadores devem ser vendidos
por John.)
Computers should be sold by John.
(Computadores deveriam ser
vendidos por John)
Summary
John sells computers. (simple present)
Computers are sold by John.
John was selling computers. (Past
Computers were being sold by John.
John sold computers. (simple past)
Computers were sold by John.
John has sold computers. (Present perf
Computers have been sold by John.
John will sell computers. (simple future)
Computers will be sold by John.
John had sold computers. (Past perfe
Computers had been sold by John.
John would sell computers. (simple conditional) John can sell computers. (Modal verb)
Computers would be sold by John.
Computers can be sold by John.
John is selling computers. (Present continuous)
Computers are being sold by John.
...........
Observação
Nos casos de frases, cujos verbos tenham dois objetos, um direto e
um indireto, o objeto indireto normalmente torna-se sujeito na voz
passiva.
EXEMPLOS:
They must send the packages to us . (Eles devem enviar os pacotes
para nós .)
We must be sent the packages. (À nós devem ser enviados os pacotes
.)
We had given them another book. (Nós tinhamos dado a eles um outro
livro.)
They had been given another book. (À eles tinha sido dado um outro
1.Write the following sentences in the Passive Voice.
a) Richard wrote that book. ( write / wrote / written )
__________________________________________
That book
was writtenby Richard.
b) Those kids are eating the cake. ( eat / ate / eaten )
The cakeis beingeatenby those kids.
__________________________________________
c) The manager will return the money tomorrow. ( return /
returned
/ returned
)
by the manager
The money
will bereturned
tomorrow.
________________________________________________
d) A
My
has been
soldsold
a lot
( sell / sold / sold )
byof
mycars.
brother.
lotbrother
of cars
have
__________________________________________
e) The
Sue jobcan
can finish
the job
( finish / finished / finished )
befinished
bysoon.
Sue soon.
__________________________________________
f) They may bring the documents to me today. ( bring / brought / bro
I may bebrought
the documents
today.
______________________________________________
g) Tom ordered the waiter a mixed salad. ( order / ordered / ordered
The waiter
wasordered
a mixed saladTom.
by
______________________________________________
h) Paul had told her the truth. ( tell / told / told )
Shehad beentold the truthbyPaul.
______________________________________________
i) The physician is giving the patient the new drugs. ( give / gave / g
______________________________________________
The patient
is beinggiventhe new drugs
by the physician.
j) Robert will send the packages to her. ( send / sent / sent )
______________________________________________
Shewill besentthe packagesRobert.
by
(PUC - SP) - Choose the correct passive voice form
that completes the sentence…
“Black Angels”, his first composition, _______in
1902.
Compose – composed - composed
a)is composed
b)was composed
c)has composed
d)had composed
e)was composing
Test 1
(MACKENZIE) - Change the following sentence to the Passive V
Feed – fed - fed
'They feed the seals twice a week.‘
a) The seals are fed twice a week.
b) The seals are feeded twice a week.
c) The seals are found twice a week.
d) Twice a week they are feeding the seals.
e) The seals are being fed twice a week.
Test 2
Indicate the alternative that best completes the following sentenc
"Our plan______ by the members of the committee."
a) will consider
b) has being considered
c) has considered
d) have been considered
e) is being considered
Consider – considered - Considered
Test 3
(CESCEM) - The correct passive voice that completes the
sentence below.
Take– took - taken
He is____________to the doctor’s.
a)being taken
b)being taking
c)took
d)taking
e)been taken
Test 4
(ÁLVARES PENTEADO) - The alternative that
completes the sentence below is.
Make – made - made
Great discoveries______________ in this country.
a)is
b)was
c)was been made
d)were been made
e)have been made
Test 5
(Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde à
forma passiva da sentença a seguir:
Encourage – encouraged - encouraged
We encourage the kids to go swimming.
a) The kids were encouraged to go swimming.
b) The kids have been encouraged to go swimming.
c) The kids will be encouraged to go swimming.
d) The kids may be encouraged to go swimming.
Test 6
e) The kids are encouraged to go swimming.
(Unesp) - Assinale a alternativa que preenche
corretamente a lacuna da frase a seguir:
Those people are happy because they......love in their
childhood.
Give – gave - given
a) was given
b) has given
c) were given
d) have being given
e) be given
Test 7
(Mackenzie) - Change the following sentence to the Passive Voic
Leave – left - left
" Somebody left the lights on all night."
a) All night somebody left the lights.
b) The lights are left on all night.
c) The lights didn't leave on all night.
d) The lights were left on all night.
e) The lights was left on all night.
Test 8
(Mackenzie) - Change the following sentence to the Passive Voic
You don't need to wind this wonderful watch.
Wind – wound - wound
a) This wonderful watch isn't needed to be wind.
b) This wonderful watch doesn't need to winded.
c) This wonderful watch doesn't need to be wound.
d) This wonderful watch don't need to be wounded.
e) You don't need to be wounded by this wonderful watch.
Test 9
(Unesp) - Indique a alternativa que expressa o
mesmo significado de:
Japanese toymakers now see senior citizens as See – saw - seen
their most dynamic market.
a) Senior citizens are now seen as their most
dynamic market by Japanese toymakers.
b) Senior citizens were seen as the Japanese
toymakers' most dynamic market.
c) Senior citizens' most dynamic market is seen
as the Japanese toymakers.
d) Senior citizens and Japanese toymakers are
seen as the most dynamic market.
e) Senior citizens are seen as Japanese
toymakers by their most dynamic market.
Test 10
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