unit 3

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College English Book Ⅲ
(全新版)大学英语Ⅲ
Unit 3
Security
School of Foreign Studies
王静
Text A
The Land of the Lock
Teaching Plan
The Objective
of Lead-in
1. Lead-in Activities
2. Global Understanding
What is the real meaning of “lock” in the title?
3. Detailed Study
How to understand the title “The Land of the
Lock”?
4. Assignments
1. Lead-in Activities
on the road,
no body see you,
take away?
1. Lead-in Activities
No one picked up and
pocketed anything left
on the road, while no
family had the need to
bolt the doors at night.
路不拾遗,
夜不闭户。
1. Lead-in Activities
Security Devices/Measures
Access Card
Dead-bolt Lock
Surveillance Monitor
Security Chains
Insurance Company
Law Protection
1. Lead-in Activities
Do you think you are safe?
Protected by
security measures
1. Lead-in Activities
Fact File on Safety
Food Safety
Social Safety
Campus Security
911 terrorist attack
lean meat powder
beef extract
1. Lead-in Activities
Do you think you are safe?
Protected by
security measures
1. Lead-in Activities
Discussion
Why people can not get the sense of security
completely by resorting to the usual means
such as laws, security devices?
1. Lead-in Activities
Back-leaning Game
1. Lead-in Activities
Discussion
Why people can not get the sense of security
completely by resorting to the usual means
such as laws, security devices?
distrust
fearful
1. Lead-in Activities
The Meaning of Lock
concrete
lockin the title?
What is the real meaning
of “lock”
lock
How to understand the title “The Land of
abstract lock
Lock”?
We trust no one. We may have locked the evils out, but
in so doing we have locked ourselves in.
1. Lead-in Activities
How to rebuild the harmonious relationship between
human beings?
Teaching Plan
1. Lead-in Activities
2. Global Understanding
3. Detailed Study
4. Assignments
2. Global Understanding
The Main Idea
America is deteriorating from “the land of the free”
into “the most insecure nation”.
2. Global Understanding
The Structure
Phenomenon
Measure
Advantage/disadvantage
2. Global Understanding
Part
I
Paras
1-3
Main ideas
In America the era of leaving the front door
on the latch at night is over.
Phenomenon
II
4-15
A new atmosphere of fear and distrust
creeps into every aspect of daily life. As a
result, security devices, in varied forms, are
put to use.
Measure
III
16-19
By locking our fears out, we become prisoners of
our own making.
Advantage/disadvantage
Teaching Plan
1. Lead-in Activities
2. Global Understanding
3. Detailed Study
4. Key to Exercises
1. on the latch:
(of a door) closed but not locked
Example
Don’t forget to leave the front door on the latch if you go
to bed before I come back.
2. close up:
shut sth. esp. temporarily
Example
I want so much to close up my store and go traveling
for a couple of months.
c.f. A close-up snap-shot
抓拍的特写镜头
3. rural: adj
of, in or suggesting the countryside
Example
Rural life is more peaceful than city life.
In a few years urban residents will outnumber rural
residents in most developing countries.
4. vulnerable: adj
1.易受伤的,脆弱的,敏感的
2.易受批评的;易受诱惑的
3.(地方)易受攻击的,难防守的
Example
vulnerable groups
vulnerable point
弱势群体
弱点
Museums in the developing world often have fewer
security measures and thus remain more vulnerable to
thefts.
4. vulnerable: adj
exposed to danger or attack; unprotected
vulnerable to abuse, blackmail, criticism
易受虐待 / 敲诈 / 批评 (的)
in a vulnerable position
地位岌岌可危
5. statistics: n.
collection of information expressed in numbers
数据统计,统计数据;统计学
Example
The statistics indicate that roughly every 22 years a
major drought occurs in the United States.
6. urban: adj.
of, situated in or living in a city or town
Example
Motor vehicle emissions, to a large extent, are
responsible for urban air pollution.
6. urban: adj.
of, situated in or living in a city or town
Example
Traffic noise, pollution, huge concrete buildings — how
can people survive in the urban jungle?
车辆噪音、污染、钢筋混凝土的摩天大楼----人们如何
能在这样的城市丛林中生存 ?
suburban
adj.郊区的
7. tranquil: adj.
calm, quiet and undisturbed
Example
Visitors like to stay in this hotel because it is beautiful
and located in a tranquil lake area.
She stared at the tranquil surface of the water.
7. tranquil: adj.
calm, quiet and undisturbed
Compare : tranquil vs. calm
calm: 平静的;镇静的,沉着的
After a night of fighting, the streets are now calm.
She’s not very good at keeping / staying calm in difficult
situations.
8. dramatically: adj.
in a very impressive manner 戏剧性地,引人注目的/显
著地
Example
Since the Industrial Revolution, and particularly in the
20th century, CO2 emissions have increased dramatically.
She always dresses very dramatically.
→drama( comedy/ tragedy/ opera)
9. allegedly: adv.
stated or declared as a fact(未提出证据)断言地;指称;声
称
Example
allege: (v.) state as a fact
He is allegedly a thief.
but without proof
The newspaper reporters alleged that the man was
murdered but they have given no proof.
10. at any rate:
in any case; whatever happens 无论如何
Example
-- At any rate, orders must be obeyed.
-- At any rate, the task must be fulfilled
11. era: n.
a period of history or a long period of time 书面语用词,指历史上的纪
元、年代
Example
--We are now in a great new era of information.
--Our era produces a host of heroes and heroines.
-- They ushered in a new era.
12. electronic: adj. 电子的
Example
an electronic watch/ electronic music
→electron/ electronics
electricity/ electric/ electrical
12. electronic: adj.
cf: electric/ electrical: adj
①Anything directly worked by or producing electricity is electric.
②Otherwise, the word is electrical, which is a more general
expression, used of people and the work or of things.
eg: an electric clock/ light
an electrical engineer
13. hook up to: 连接到……
connect or attach sth. to sth. else with or as if with a hook
Example
--My computer is hooked up to the Internet, so I can
communicate with all my clients at home via email.
--The alarm system in the bank is hooked up to the
local police station.
14. build in / into:
make (sth.) as part of the structure
Example
--The cupboards in the kitchen are all built in.
--We are having shelves built into the wall over the
bed.
15. premise:
l) (pl) all the buildings and land that an institution occupies on one
site (包括地基在内的)房屋
Example
--The company is looking for new premises.
15. premise:
2) sth. that you accept as true and use as a basis for another idea or
way of thinking (usu. followed by that clause) 前提,假设
Example
--The program started on the premise that men and
women are on equal terms in this society.
16. feature: v.
give a prominent part to (sb./sth.) 突出,给……以显著地位
Example
--Modern libraries often feature telecommunication
links that provide users with access to information
at
道德伦理冲突
忠孝不能两全
remote sites.
来世 再生
-- East Asian dramas often feature ethical conflicts,
divided loyalty, or concerns about the afterlife.
17. transform: v
change completely in form, appearance, or nature
Example
Whenever a camera was pointed at her, Marilyn
would instantly transform herself into a radiant star.
Transform
transformation (n.)
18. barrier: n. 障碍
thing that prevents progress or movement
Example
--The driver slowed down as he approached the police
barrier.
20. It occurs to sb that:想到……想起……
Sb happens to think that
Example
--Does it ever occur to you that I may come to see you ?
--It never occurred to me that he might be lying.
19. barricade : v. 设置障碍
block off
Example
--The rioters barricaded streets with piles of blazing
tyres.
25. Chances are that:
It is very likely that
Example
--The chances are that our team will win.
leave sth to chances
不管……;任凭命运……
21. hold/keep (sb.) at bay:
prevent (an enemy, pursuers, etc.) from coming near: 不让…逼近
Example
Eating oranges keeps colds at bay.
She left the light on at night to keep her fears at bay.
22. stand for: 象征,代表……
represent; mean
Example
That newspaper is often thought to stand for freedom
of speech.
CPPCC stands for Chinese People’s Political
Consultant Conference.
23. so much as = even 甚至
Example
He didn’t so much as thank me for returning
his money that I found .
24. with/by a small/large margin:
an amount above what is necessary, esp. for success (差数,幅度)
Example
--Governor Bush won the election but by a small margin.
--With the improvement of their living conditions,
people’s demand for air-conditioning has increased by a
large margin.
Analyze the difficult sentences
1. It is not uncommon ,…, to see pasted on the windows small
notices announcing that …(lines 16-18)
1). not uncommon ,双重否定
2). see 的宾语small notices 后置 ,宾补 pasted on
the windows 提前
3). Announcing = which announce
2. … featured not charts … ,but a picture of a child’s bicycle
with the now-usual padlock attached to it .(lines 20-22)
1). not …but 连接两个同等的同词类的成分
2). with结构作定语限定bicycle
3. It does not occur to us to ask ourselves ;(line 32)
It simply didn’t occur to managers that …(line 43)
…occur (s) to sb. 某人想起/想到
it 为形式主语,可替代不定式;如第一句. 也可替
代that 从句,如第二句.
又如:A happy idea occurred to me .我想起了一个
好办法。=A happy idea came into my mind .
or : I came up with a happy idea .
4. …chances are that you don’t just wander in and out of
work .(line 36)
= …it is likely that you don’t …
= …you very probably don’t ..
chance are that 很可能,(后跟从句)
5. with electronic X-ray equipment ,we seem finally to have
figured out a way to hold the terrorists ,real and imagined ,at
bay ;it was such a relief to solve this problem that we did not
think much about what such a state of affairs says about the
quality of our lives .(lines 49-52)
1). 这是一个并列复合句。分号;前后各是一个等
立分句
2). 前一个分句中,with短语作方式状语;real and
imagined 为插入成分,形容词短语作让步状语。
3). 后一个分句中含有两个从句;that从句为结果
从句,what从句是 think about 的宾语。
6. What better word (can be used) to describe the way
(in which) we have been forced to live ?
译文:还有什么更好的字眼能用来描述我们被迫
选择的生活方式呢?
the way 后是一个定语从句。
7. What sadder reflection (we can have) on all that we
have become in this new and puzzling time ?
译文:对于我们在这个令人困惑的新时代的所作
所为,还会有什么更为可悲的感想呢?
all后面是一个定语从句。
Features of Writing in the text
1. When we read, we are not only learning new
vocabulary or structure , but also looking for key
information. Identifying keywords is even more
important if our reading time is not that plentiful.
“Lock” is the keyword in this text, by locating “lock”
throughout the text, we get a pretty good idea of
what this essay is about.
2. There are several examples of comparison and
contrast in this article: Para l vs. Para 4, Para l0 vs.
Para 1l, Para l2 vs. Para 13. The first pair acts as the
opening of the whole piece of writing. The latter two
are just two supporting details for the central
argument.
3. Other devices: It is interesting to see how the author
threads his narration back and forth between the past
and present. Never for once he does write “in the
past” or “at present” explicitly.
The writer has still cleverer devices at hand, like a
subtle tense change (e.g. simple past in Para. 1 vs.
present perfect in Para. 4), a phrase that indicate
an old habit in contrast with a phrase indicating
the current state (i.e. “used to” vs. “no longer” in
Para. 11), or a summary sentence ( It wasn’t
always like that” in Para.12).
Useful Expressions
掩门不落锁
这样的日子一去不复返
同样
在许多方面
巡查严密的城市街
电子报警系统
连接到
保安公司
撬开门
被监管
leave the door on the latch
Those days are over
as well as
in many ways/ aspects
well-patrolled city street
electronic alarm system
hook up to
guard company/ firm
pry the door open
under surveillance
Useful Expressions
显著上升
无论怎样
防盗锁
蜕变
保护(我们)不受
是…的(新/旧)象征
公益广告
精神赔偿
不让…逼近
代表
rising dramatically
at any rate
dead-bolt locks
transformation
defend (ourselves) against
the (new/old) symbol of
public-service advertisement
psychic payment
hold…at bay
stand for
Useful Expressions
设置障碍
想起,想到
同胞
大中型公司
出入卡
登机口
put up barriers
occur to
fellow citizen
a medium-to large- size company
access card
departure gate
Useful Expressions
越来越多的
出错概率
以…的名义
在人类文明史
聪明反被聪明误
无形的恐惧
in increasing number
margin of error
in the name of
in the history of civilized man
outsmart oneself
unseen horrors
Assignment
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to
write a short essay on the topic Campus Security. You
should write at least 120 words, and base your
composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
1)近年来发生在校园的意外事件不断增加,校园安
全问题备受关注
2)对此我们应该采取哪些措施
Campus Security
Security issue may sound clichéd, but when it
comes to the campus security, we have to take it
seriously. Nearly every day, there are reports to the
security office on campus that valuable things are stolen
away. A surrounding with stealing, mugging can’t be
worse for studying. In such cases, what measures should
be taken to improve the campus security?
On the one hand, we students should strengthen our
security awareness. Once we smell out something
unusual, we should report it to the campus guard
immediately.
On the other hand, more equipment such as monitors
should be installed on campus so as to detect crimes as
soon as possible. Besides, a proper amount of security
guards should be arranged to patrol the campus.
In my opinion, campus security will be improved
as long as efforts are made on campus. Therefore
colleges and universities should try their best to make
everyone on campus safe and sound.
Teaching Plan
4. Key to Exercises
Keys to Exercises
Vocabulary
1) Tranquil
3) by a small margin
5) rural
7) era
9) without so much as
11) Barricaded
13) Error
15) Bathed in
2) analyze
4) civilize
6) closed up
8) paste
10) sideways
12) hook up to
14) chart
2. 1) bring about
3) cut off
5) wear (the other) down
7) put up
2) looked back on
4) fit into
6) lies in
8) stand for
3. 1) A certain gene which is likely to make people vulnerable to
asthma has been found by researchers at the Department of Clinical
Medicine in Oxford.
2) A wardrobe with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make
their small bedroom look larger.
3) The NBC show's opening shots feature the space shuttle
Challenger blowing up in January 1986—killing all seven crew.
4) Colds can be held at bay by increasing your intake of fruit and
vegetables which are both low in calories and rich in Vitamin C.
5) Energy difficulties are a major barrier to the country's economic
growth due to the fact that imported oil has absorbed 40% of its
foreign exchange / because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its
foreign exchange.
1) Jacob looked back on his summer holidays spent on the
Big Island of Hawaii with its beautiful landscape and
tranquil atmosphere as a rare escape from the madness of
urban life.
2) I was puzzled by the word "e-mail" when I came across it
for the first time years ago. "What is an e-mail? What on
earth does the letter 'e' here stand for?" I asked myself. Later,
I got to know that e-mail is a system for communicating
messages by electronic rather than physical means.
3) Mr. Smith has, over the years, established his name as a
successful used-car dealer in the minds of local people. He
places regular though small advertisements in newspapers
featuring affordable second-hand cars, vans and trucks. At
the back of his premises he owns a used-car lot (停车场)
which faces a deserted street.
II. Collocation
1. away
3. forward/through
5. off
7. back, down
2.
4.
6.
8.
inside/in
back
home
in, out
III. Usage
1.
Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be.
2.
Most men do not look unattractive in them.
3.
Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her
sudden unemployment.
4. This claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease
in the city's violent crimes.
5.
His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way
of life.
Structure
1.1) It never occurred to me to ask him what was intended
by that remark. I thought he was just joking.
2) It occurred to me that the names of their children—
Rose, Lily and Daisy—were the names of flowers.
3) When he heard her say so, it occurred to him that for
convenience he also could contact the local travel agency
and ask them to take care of everything.
4) Has it never occurred to you that the problems in the
Middle East are complicated and difficult to solve?
2.1) If they don't agree to work extra hours for no extra pay,
chances are that they will be dismissed.
2) Research is being carried out on the disease and
progress is being made at present. Chances are that there
will be a cure within the next ten years.
3) If you are eating lots of fatty food, chances are that
you'll put on several pounds in a matter of weeks.
4) He left his office an hour ago but hasn't got home yet.
Chances are that he's got stuck in a traffic jam.
I. Cloze
(A)
1. Statistics
3. Era
5. on the latch
7. barriers
9. electronic
11. puzzle
2. rural
4. stood for
6. vulnerable
8. at bay
10. reflection
12. civilized
(B)
1. worse / scarier
3. Yes / True
5. From
7. every
9. Say
11. chances
13. When
15. Don't
2. tougher / harder
4. barricading
6. not
8. However
10. back / at bay
12. Therefore
14. leave
16. head/brains
II. Translation
A burglary is reported every 15 seconds in the United States.
Statistics show burglars entered more than 2 million homes
last year. Actually it is almost impossible to keep a
determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him
for a few minutes, thus exposing him to police patrols or
those wandering around. Common sense tells us that
lighting is a barrier to criminal activity. A light should be
fixed in the doorway and switched on at night.
Believe it or not, some people, particularly children who
happen to be the last to come in, leave their doors on the
latch at night. Doors of hollow core, even when locked, are
vulnerable to break-ins. Thus doors of solid core or steel are
much preferred as they make it difficult for the burglar to
pry open. If you decide to buy an alarm device, be sure to
ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and
doors. Finally, a word of warning—when you travel, make
sure that you have a trusted neighbor collect and keep all
the deliveries of newspapers and mail until you return. This
is because a collection of newspapers and mail on the front
doorstep or in your mailbox is an advertisement that no one
is home.
Thanks for your attention
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