Unit 6 Jewelry

Teaching Aim
Reading I
Reading II
Extended Activities
Teaching Aim
Unit 6 Jewelry
1.Cognitive Information ( 认 知 信 息 ): Different Kinds of Jewelry;
Diamond and Its Value
2. Language Focus (内容重点)
— Key Words: I. diamond, apprentice, intuition, tension, split,
joke, choosy, edge, irritate, malicious, fulfil,
bachelor, communion, odd, infect, destine; II.
crystal, cluster, polish, sparkle, crude, precious,
invent, revolving, flaw, grind, high-intensity,
beam, cleave, facet, respectively, absorb, gem,
diamond-faced, drill
— Phrases:
I. be to do with, in particular, be cut out for, take
one's time, joke about/with, in one's stead, in
communion with, fall apart; II. be known as, be
known to, take on
Teaching Aim
Unit 6 Jewelry
— Word Study: reveal, accumulate, fulfil, expect, refuse
— Useful Structures: was/were to do sth.
Non-restrictive Attributive Clause introduced by “as”
be true of/for
should have + V-ed
for... purpose / for the purpose of...
(speed or frequency) a minute
— Grammar: The Use of Article
3. Communicative Skills (交际技能)
— Expressions: Expressions of “Apologizing”
— Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
4. Phonetic Review (语音复习): Plosives
Reading I
• Pre-reading
• Text
• Background Information
• New Words and Expressions
• Exercises
• Post-reading
Unit 6 Jewelry
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Pre-reading I
• Pre-reading II
Pre-reading I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I. Brainstorming: Work with your partner and write out the words
about jewelry.
What You Wear
What They Are Made of
What You Wear
What They Are Made of
Ring 戒 指 , bracelet 手 镯 , hair pin, gold, silver, platinum 白 金 , pearl,
necklace, earrings, brooch (胸针), diamond, amber琥珀, coral珊瑚, ruby
pendant (悬饰)
红 宝 石 , emerald 绿 宝 石 , jade 翡 翠 ,
crystal水晶, sapphire gemstone蓝宝
石 and other precious stones其他的
Pre-reading II
Unit 6 Jewelry
II. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner.
1. What is the hardest substance found in nature ?
2. What do you know about diamonds ?
3. Why is a diamond so precious ?
4. Why do many people prefer to use diamonds for
jewelry ?
5. In what ways can you estimate the value of a diamond?
Unit 6 Jewelry
Diamond-cutter Ephraim
1 There was a man called Ephraim who lived in
Johannesburg. His father was to do with diamonds, as had
been his father. The family were immigrants. This is still
true of all people from Johannesburg, a city a little over a
century old. Ephraim was a middle son, not brilliant or
stupid, not good or bad. He was nothing in particular. His
brothers became diamond merchants(钻石商人), but
Ephraim was not cut out for anything immediately obvious,
and so at last he was apprenticed to an uncle to learn the
trade of diamond-cutting.
Unit 6 Jewelry
2 To cut a diamond perfectly is an act like a samurai‘s
sword-thrust(武士剑的插入), or a master archer’s
centered arrow ( 弓 箭 手 的 中 心 剑 ) . When an
important diamond is shaped a man may spend a
week, or even weeks, studying it, accumulating(积累)
powers of attention, memory, intuition, till he has
reached that moment when he finally knows that a tap,
no more, at just that point of tension in the stone will
split it exactly so.
Unit 6 Jewelry
While Ephraim learned to do this, he lived at home in a
Johannesburg suburb(约翰内斯堡的郊区); and his brothers and
sisters married and had families. He was the son who took his time
about getting married, and about whom the family first joked, saying
that he was choosy; and then they remained silent when others
talked of him with that edge on their voices, irritated, a little
malicious, even frightened, which is caused by those men and
women who refuse to fulfil the ordinary purposes of nature. The kind
ones said he was a good son, working nicely under his uncle Ben,
and living respectably at home, and on Sunday nights playing poker
with his bachelor friends. He was twenty-five, then thirty, thirty-five,
forty. His father became old and died, and he lived alone in the
family house. People stopped noticing him. Nothing was expected
of him.
Unit 6 Jewelry
Then a senior person(一位资深的人) became ill,
and Ephraim was asked to fly in his stead to
Alexandria(亚历山大) for a special job. A certain
rich merchant of Alexandria had purchased an uncut
diamond as a present for his daughter, who was to
be married shortly. He wished only the best for the
diamond. Ephraim, revealed ( expose ) by this
happening as one of the world's master diamondcutters, flew to Egypt, spent some days in
communion with the stone in a quiet room in the
merchant's house, and then caused it to fall apart into
three lovely pieces. These were for a ring and
Unit 6 Jewelry
Now he should have flown home again; but the
merchant asked him to dinner. An odd chance that —
unusual. Not many people got inside that rich closed
world. But perhaps the merchant had become infected
by the week of rising tension while Ephraim became one
with the diamond in a quiet room. At dinner Ephraim met
the girl for whom the jewels were destined.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. Jewelry
”Jewel” is a countable noun, meaning a valuable stone,
such as a diamond, while “jewelry”( 珠 宝 ) is an
uncountable noun, meaning small things that you wear
for decoration, such as bracelets( 手 镯 ), rings,
earrings( 耳 环 , 耳 饰 ) or necklaces( 项 链 ) made of
precious metals set with gems or imitation gems.
“Jewellery” is British English spelling, and in American
English it is spelt as “jewelry”. As it is uncountable, we
need to use words such as “a piece of" or "a lot of"
with it if the quantity is mentioned.
a piece of jewelry
She wears a lot of gold jewelry.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
2. Diamonds
Diamond(金刚石,钻石) is a clear, very hard and
valuable stone, used in jewelry and in industry,
for example, a diamond engagement ring. It is
the birthstone of April and anniversary gemstone
for the 10th and 60th years of marriage.
Diamond was discovered in 500 B.C. in India.
The name "diamond" comes from the Greek
word "adamas" which means unconquerable —
suggesting the eternity of love. Since ancient
Greece diamonds have been the traditional
symbol of love.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
The ancients believed they were hardened dew
drops, splinters from the stars or crystallized
lightening. A diamond, the hardest substance
known to man, is a crystallized carbon which has
unique powers of light reflection. Because it is
composed of a single element, a diamond is the
purest of all gemstones. Diamond is a colorless
stone. Some other occasional colors are: blue,
yellow, amber, red, green, pink.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
3. The value of a diamond, 4 C’s: Cut — Clarity —
Color — Carat Weight
Cut is the factor that determines the brilliance of a
diamond. A classic round brilliant cut diamond has 58
facets — 33 on the top, 24 on the bottom and the
culet ( 1 point at the bottom — another tiny facet ).
Each of the stone’s facets must be placed by the
diamond-cutter in exact geometric relation to one
another. Quality diamonds must be properly cut and
not “spread”, which means that the proper
proportions are compromised to make the stone
weigh more.
Background Information
Classic Shapes
Unit 6 Jewelry
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
The fewer the inclusions, the clearer, more brilliant
and more expensive the diamond. “Flawless”
diamond means that no inclusions can be seen
under a 10× jeweler’s loupe(珠宝匠、钟表匠等套
在眼窝上的小型放大镜). Flawless diamonds are
extremely rare.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
The more colorless the diamond, the more valuable it is. Though
most diamonds may appear colorless to the eye, the majority
contain slight traces of yellow or light brown. Depending on the
stone’s size, a single increase in color grade can boost a value
of a diamond by thousands per carat. A traditional engagement
diamond is colorless or near colorless. In nature diamonds can
also occur in shades of red, pink, blue, green and deep yellow.
They are called “Fancy diamonds”. In the United States and
around the world colorless diamonds are graded on an
alphabetical scale, introduced by the Gemological Institute of
America (GIA美国宝石学会). D, E and F color grade diamonds
may be referred to as “colorless” or “rare white”, D color is the
most expensive and very rare.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
Carat (Weight)
Standard measure of a diamond’s size is carat (ct)
weight. Size alone is almost meaningless unless
you consider cut, clarity and color. A large stone is
not very valuable if it lacks brilliance, purity and
high-grade color. For the reason that large stones
are harder to find than small ones, size does
increase the value of a good diamond. No two
diamonds are exactly alike, and a reputable
jeweler can help you weigh all of the factors —
color, cut, clarity and carat weight.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
4. World production of natural diamonds
World natural diamond production for 2003 has been
estimated at a total of 144 million carats with a value of
US $9.4 billion. About 20% of this volume are gems,
which will be polished and set into diamond jewelry and
45% are near-gem qualities, which would have been
graded as industrial 40 years ago but are now polished
by the vast low-cost Indian cutting industry. The balance
is of industrial quality. DeBeers is the largest diamond
miner in the world. Its mines in Botswana, South Africa,
Namibia and Tanzania produced 41% ( US $3.9 billion)
by value or 31% by caratage (43.9 million carats) of the
world’s 2003 production.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
The company’s marketing arm, the Diamond Trading
Company (DTC), sold 48% of world total production — a
steep fall from the recent past when (in 2000) the company’s
market share was about 60% and the 1970s and 1980s when
it was 80%. In 2003, Canada’s Northwest Territories mines
produced 11.2 million carats, 7.5% of the world total by weight,
worth an estimated value of US $1.24 billion, which is over
12% of the world total by value, making Canada the third
largest producer of diamonds in the world, behind Botswana
and Russia, surpassing South Africa and Angola. A large
proportion of the gem-quality diamond produced by both the
mines in the NWT is in the range of high color and quality,
and in sizes that are most in demand in the world’s leading
consumer market, the USA.
Background Information
Unit 6 Jewelry
Botswana was again the world’s number one diamondproducing country in 2003 terms of value (estimated at US
$2.48 billion) and only marginally behind Australia in carats
mined (30.4 million carats). South Africa contributed an
estimated 12.4 million carats to the world’s total production,
which represents about 11% by value (US $1.1 billion), 96% of
which comes from mines owned by DeBeers. Namibia now
recovers about half of its diamonds from mining the sea bed
with the remainder being found on its beaches, which have
been swept for alluvial diamonds since 1908. The stones are
high in average value, though small in average size. Russia is
the world’s number two producer of diamonds. All the mines are
situated in the Western Yakuti (西伯利亚的雅库特地区), and are
owned by the state company Alrosa. In Russia, half of the rough
output is currently sold for polishing and half is exported.
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
• New words and Expressions
• Notes
• Language and Culture Focus
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. Immigrant
n. a person coming into a country from
abroad to make his/her home there 移
2. brilliant
a. very intelligent 极聪明的
3. merchant
n. a person who buys and sells goods,
esp., of a particular sort, in large
amounts 商人
4. apprentice
v. to make someone work with a skilled
workman to learn from him 当学徒
5. Samurai
n. a member of a military class of high
social rank in Japan in former times(日
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
6. thrust
a forceful forward movement or
push 刺戳
7. archer
a person who shoots arrows 弓箭手
8. arrow
a thin pointed stick designed to be
shot from a bow 箭
9. accumulate
to become greater in quantity over a
period 积聚
10. intuition
power of understanding
reasoning 直觉
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
11. tap
n. a short light blow 轻敲
12. tension
n. 1) the amount of a force
stretching something 张力
2) a feeling of worry 紧张
13. split (split, split)
v. to (cause to) divide by a blow
14. choosy
a. careful in choosing 挑剔的
15. edge
n. bitterness, sharpness in voices
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
16. irritated
angry or impatient 恼怒的
17. malicious
intended to harm others 恶意的
18. fulfil
to do or perform (a duty, etc.) 履行
19. respectably
appearance 体面地
20. poker
a card game usu. played for
money 扑克牌游戏
21. bachelor
an unmarried man 单身汉
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
22. shortly
soon, in a little time 不久
23. reveal
to show or allow to be seen 显示(出)
24. communion
state of sharing or exchanging thoughts
and feelings 交流
25. earring
a piece of jewelry worn in or on the ear
26. odd
unusual 不寻常的
27. infect
to fill (sb’s mind or spirit) with feelings
28. destined
intended in advance or by fate 预定的;
New Words and Expressions
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. be to do with
to have a connection with 与 …… 有 关
(=have to do with)
2. be cut out for
to have suitable abilities or qualities for or
to do (a job of work, etc.) 有从事(某种工作)
3. joke about (sth.)/with (sb.)
to speak unseriously about (sth.) or with
(sb.) for amusement 拿某事开玩笑,与某
4. in someone’s stead
in someone’s place; instead of someone
5. in communion with
in the state of sharing or exchanging
thoughts and feelings with 与……思想感
6. fall apart
to break (into pieces) 分裂
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. Johannesburg: the largest city in South Africa founded in
1886 after gold was discovered in the area. (约翰内斯堡)
2. as had been his father: just as Ephraim’s father’s father, that
is, Ephraim’s grandfather, had worked with diamonds.
3. but Ephraim was not cut out for anything immediately
obvious: At that time, it was not clear what particular job
was suitable for Ephraim.
4. sword-thrust: a sudden, forceful push of sword.
5. master archer: a very good archer with a lot of skill.
Unit 6 Jewelry
6. centered arrow: the arrow that hits at the center (the inner
ring) of the target.
7. take one’s time: not in a hurry.
8. refuse to fulfil the ordinary purposes of nature: refuse to
get married and have children.
9. with that edge on their voices: talked with a sharp tone (of
his unwillingness to get married soon).
10. Nothing was expected of him: His family members didn’t
expect him to make any great achievements in his
Unit 6 Jewelry
11. Alexandria: a port in the north of Egypt. (亚历山大)
12 .... spent some days in communion with the stone:... spent some
days studying the diamond closely and trying to figure out how to cut
it; He was so absorbed in his job that he and the diamond seemed to
communicate with each other.
13. rich closed world: the rich merchant’s house which few people had
the chance to get in and know about.
14. infected by the week of rising tension: the anxiety of the merchant
increased during the week while Ephraim was doing diamond cutting.
15. become one with the diamond: Ephraim was so absorbed in his
diamond-cutting that he and the diamond seemed to have merged
into one physical being.(合并成一个实体)
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I. Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions.
1. What did Ephraim’s brothers do for a livelihood ?
2. What can be learned about the city of Johannesburg ?
3. What career arrangement was made for young Ephraim ?
4. Why is diamond-cutting compared to a samurai’s sword-thrust ?
5. What a life was Ephraim leading when he turned to be middle-aged ?
6. What did people think of Ephraim before he was recognized as one of the
world’s master diamond-cutters ?
7. Why was Ephraim asked to fly to Alexandria for a special job ?
8. What was the uncut diamond bought for ?
9. Where did Ephraim stay when he cut the rich merchant’s diamond ?
10. Whom did Ephraim meet at the merchant’s dinner ?
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
II. Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences.
( c ) 1. The main idea of the story is that _______ .
a. Ephraim was blamed for his slowness in diamond
b. Ephraim’s family was engaged in diamond-cutting for
several generations
c. once an insignificant man Ephraim turned out to be a
master diamond-cutter
d. Ephraim learned the craft of diamond-cutting since
his late childhood
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
( c ) 2. It can be learned from the story that ______.
a. Ephraim had not cut any diamond single-handedly
before cutting the rich merchant’s diamond
b. the merchant had only one daughter and he loved
her very much
c. the merchant was very impressed while observing
Ephraim’s way of working
d. people living in the town of Johannesburg took great
interest in Ephraim’s private life
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
( b) 3. Paragraph 2 mainly discusses ______.
a. the value of diamonds b. the act of diamond cutting
c. the art of sword-thrust
d. the shaping of diamonds
( d) 4. We can infer from the text that ______.
a. all immigrants in Johannesburg are good in diamondcutting
b. Ephraim was talented in diamond-cutting as a child
c. Ephraim was exceptional as a child
d. Ephraim’s family trade was to do with diamonds
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
( d ) 5. Ephraim became a master diamond-cutter because
a. diamond-cutting
b. he was fond of cutting diamonds since childhood
c. he remained single and devoted all his time to the
trade of diamond-cutting
d. the successful cutting of a rich merchant’s diamond
made his skill known
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
III. Give the English words or phrases according to the meanings
accumulate to become greater in quantity over a period
1. ____________
2. ____________
very intelligent
3. ____________
very careful in choosing
4. ____________
intended to harm others
5. ____________
an unmarried man
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
6. ______________
destined intended in advance or by fate
communion state of sharing or exchanging the same
8. ______________
thoughts and feelings
the power of understanding or knowing
something without reasoning
to perform (a duty )
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
IV. Put the following expressions from the text in the blanks to
complete the sentences. Make changes where necessary.
joke about
in one’s stead
fall apart
be to
be destined
take one’s time infect
edge to/on one’s voice
be cut out of
do with
1.The book may ____________
you with a passion for mountain climbing.
was destined for a career on the
2. Coming from a theatrical family, I _____________
3. The situation is much more serious than you think, so please don’t
joke about it.
to do with
4. We have got a lot to talk about, since her job is _____________
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
5. The woman behind the bar __________________
takes her time
opening the
fruit juice, as if trying to needle us.
were to
6. We __________________
have gone away last week, but I was
7. While the chairman is away, another director will act
in his stead
8. She was trying to be calm, but there was a distinct
edge to her voice
fell apart
9.Their marriage __________________
when she found out her
husband was having an affair with another woman.
won’t be cut out for
10. Having lived in the village all his life, he __________________
the life in a large city.
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
Ⅴ. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined
words with appropriate words or phrases from the text.
1. The President returned to work a little time after his
2. It’s strange that she didn’t reply to our letters.
It’s very odd
3. Jean’s particular about what she eats for breakfast.
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
4. I can’t attend the meeting but I’ll send my assistant instead.
in my stead
5. He is a painter who likes to be in the state of sharing with
in communion with
6. They will never see each other again by fate.
be destined never to see each other again
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
VI. Word study: For each of the following clues, use the given
prompts to produce sentences in the same way as shown in the
1. Prompt: his/letter/reveal (v.)/different/side/personality
Model: His letters reveal a different side of his personality.
a. her / biography / reveal (v.) / she / not / rich / as / everyone / think
b. joke / can / very / reveal (a.) / what / someone / real / think
c. he / still / not / reveal (v.) / what / he / feel / me
a. Her biography revealed that she was not as rich as everyone thought.
b. A joke can be very revealing of what someone’s really thinking.
c. He still did not reveal what he felt about me.
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
2. Prompt: Dr. Johnson/gradual/ accumulate (v.)/impressive/collection/famous/
Model: Dr. Johnson gradually accumulated an impressive collection of famous
a. people / accumulate (v.) / more / wealth / they / tend / spend / great /
proportion / incomes
b. accumulate (n.) /sand / can / form / action / waves / coastal / beaches
c. if / you / not / sort / paper / your / desk / regular / basis / they / just /
keep on /accumulate (v.)
a. As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion
of their incomes.
b. Accumulations of sand can be formed by the action of waves on coastal
c. If you don’t sort out the papers on your desk on a regular basis, they just
keep on accumulating.
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
3. Prompt: you/think/manager/will/able/ fulfill / promise/raise/salary ?
Model: Do you think the manager will be able to fulfil (v.) his promise to raise our
salary ?
a. we / look for / specific / sort / person / this / woman / seem / fulfil (v.) / all
/ our / criteria
b. lay off / he / not / fulfil (v.) / role / breadwinner / family
c. due to / circumstance / beyond / control / fulfil (n.) / your / contract / will /
delay / several week
a. We’re looking for a very specific sort of person and this woman seems to
fulfil all of our criteria.
b. Being laid off, he could not fulfil the role of the breadwinner for his family.
c. Due to circumstances beyond our control, the fulfillment of your contract will
be delayed by several weeks.
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
4. Prompt: we/expect (v.)/lot/applicant/job/number/applicant/beyond/imagination
We were expecting a lot of applicants for the job, but the number of
applicants is beyond our imagination.
a. financial / performance / business / full / expect / improve
b. consider/ problem / he / have / there be / little / expect (n.) / him / win /
c. you / expect (v.) / too / much / John / think / he / can / finish / job / Friday
a. The financial performance of the business is fully expected (= almost certain)
to improve.
b. Considering the problems he’s had, there can be little expectation of him
winning the race.
c. You expect too much of John to think he can finish this job by Friday.
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
5. Prompt: he/ask/me/give/another/loan/I/refuse (v.)
Model: He asked me to give him another loan, but I refused.
a. I / absolute / refuse (v.) / take part / anything / that / illegal
b. his / argument / base / refuse (n.) / protect / environment
c. local / council / refuse (v.) him / plan / permission / build / extra /
a. I absolutely refuse to take part in anything that’s illegal.
b. His argument is based on the refusal to protect the environment.
c. The local council refused him planning permission to build an extra house.
Unit 6 Jewelry
Story Retelling: What Is the Best End to the Story ?
•Task 1: Work in groups.
•Task 2: Work in class.
Task 1: Work in groups.
Unit 6 Jewelry
The text is the first half of a short story. Maybe you are wondering what on
earth happened to Ephraim after he met the merchant’s daughter, for
whom the jewels were destined. Discuss in groups of four and work out a
possible ending to the story. Retell the story in your own words with the
help of the following clues.
a. Ephraim’s family
b. Ephraim becomes a diamond-cutter
c. single and middle-aged
d. an unexpected job
e. invitation to dinner
f. meeting of the girl
g. the ending
Task 2: Work in class.
Unit 6 Jewelry
Each group selects a spokesman/woman to present their
story to the whole class. Then the whole class discusses and
decides which ending can be rated as the best to the story.
Reading II
• Dictation
• Text
• Exercises
Unit 6 Jewelry
Unit 6 Jewelry
The most important diamonds are those
never see — the diamonds used in industry. Their value
in their hardness, not their beauty, and in the thousands
jobs they do. For example, diamonds cut through solid
in search of oil. Dentists use diamonds, too. Most
of all are the diamond dies. These are flat
through which small holes have been drilled.
Cars, airplanes, nails, radios, refrigerators, and most
equipment could not be made without using
industrial diamonds.
die: a shaped piece of metal or other hard material used
to form metal, plastic etc.; a mould 模具
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Text
• Notes
Unit 6 Jewelry
1 Some of the earliest diamonds known came from India.
In the eighteenth century they were found in Brazil, and
in 1866, huge deposits were found near Kimberley in
South Africa. Though evidence of extensive diamond
deposits has recently been found in Siberia, the
continent of Africa still produces nearly all the world’s
supply of these stones.
Unit 6 Jewelry
2 The most valuable diamonds are large, individual
crystals of pure crystalline carbon. Less perfect forms,
known as “ boart ” and “carbonado” are clusters of tiny
crystals. Until diamonds are cut and polished, they do
not sparkle like those you see on a ring — they just look
like small, blue-grey stones.
Unit 6 Jewelry
In a rather crude form, the cutting and polishing of precious
stones was an art known to the ancient Egyptians, and in
the Middle Ages it became widespread in northwest
Europe. However, a revolutionary change in the methods
of cutting and polishing was made in 1476 when Ludwig
Van Berquen of Bruges in Belgium invented the use of a
swiftly revolving wheel with its edge faced with fine
diamond powder. The name “boart” is given to this fine
powder as well as the natural crystalline material already
mentioned. It is also given to badly flawed or broken
diamond crystals, useless as jewels, that are broken into
powder for grinding purposes, the so-called “industrial”
Unit 6 Jewelry
Diamond itself is the only material hard enough to cut
and polish diamonds — though recently, high-intensity
light beams called lasers have been developed which
can bore holes in them. It may be necessary to split or
cleave the large stones before they are cut and
polished. Every diamond has a natural line of cleavage,
along which it may be split by a sharp blow with a
cutting edge.
Unit 6 Jewelry
A fully cut “brilliant” diamond has 58 facets, or faces,
regularly arranged. For cutting or faceting, the stones are
fixed into copper holders and held against a wheel,
edged with a mixture of oil and fine diamond dust, which
is revolved at about 2,500 revolutions a minute.
Amsterdam and Antwerp, in Holland and Belgium
respectively, have been the center of the diamond cutting
and polishing industry for over seven centuries.
Unit 6 Jewelry
The jewel value of brilliant diamonds depends greatly on
their colour, or “water” as it is called. The usual colours
of diamonds are white, yellow, brown, green, or bluewhite; the blue-white brilliants are the stones of the
“finest water” and so command the highest prices.
During their formation, some diamonds absorb metallic
oxides from the surrounding rocks and take on their
colour. Thus black, red and even bright pink diamonds
have occasionally been found.
Unit 6 Jewelry
The trade in diamonds is not only in the valuable gem stone
but also in the industrial diamonds mentioned above. Zaire
produces 70% of such stone. They are fixed into the rock
drills used in mining and civil engineering, also for edging
band saws for cutting stone. Diamond-faced tools are
used for cutting and drilling glass and fine porcelain, and
for dentists' drills. They are used as bearings in watches
and other finely balanced instruments. Perhaps you own
some diamonds without knowing it — in your wristwatch!
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. deposit: matter that has been stored in rock by a natural process.
2. Kimberley: a city in the central Republic of South Africa, famous for its
diamond mines.
3. Siberia: a vast region of northeast Russia. (西伯利亚)
4. crystal: a transparent natural mineral that looks like ice. (水晶)
5. crystalline: made of crystals.
6. boart: a quantity of low-quality diamonds and small fragments, valuable
only in crushed or powdered form, also called bort or bortz. (圆粒金刚石)
7. carbonado: a massive, black variety of diamond, found chiefly near Sao
Salvador, Brazil, and formerly used for drilling and other cutting
purposes. (黑金刚石)
Unit 6 Jewelry
8. cluster: a number of things gathered close together in a group.
9. sparkle: to shine in small points of light that look like flashes of silver or
gold being reflected all over the surface.
10. the Middle Ages: (in European history) period from about AD 1100 to
about AD 1400. (欧洲史上的中世纪)
11. Ludwig Van Berquen of Bruges: the person of Bruges who invented a
new way to cut and polish diamonds in 1456.
12. revolve: (cause sth. to) go round in a circle.
13. high-intensity light beams: strong light beams.
14. cleavage: split or division; line along which material such as rock or
wood splits.
15. bore holes: to make a deep round hole by using a special tool such as
a drill.
Unit 6 Jewelry
16. Amsterdam: the capital of Holland. (阿姆斯特丹); Antwerp: a seaport city
in Northern Belgium. (安特卫普)
17. metallic: of or like metal.
18. oxide: compound of oxygen and another chemical element. (氧化物)
19. take on: to begin to have.
20. Zaire: a republic in Central Africa, a former Belgium colony. Its capital is
Kinshasa. (扎伊尔)
21. civil engineering: the planning, construction, and repairing of public
works, such as roads, bridges, and large public buildings, etc. (土木工
22. porcelain: hard white material made from clay, used for making cups,
plates, ornaments, etc. (瓷)
23. bearings: the part of a machine that supports or holds another part which
turns or moves and which is designed to reduce friction. (轴承)
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I. Comprehension: True/False/Not Mentioned.
( F ) 1.
Since 1866 all the world’s diamonds have come from near
Kimberley in Siberia.
( T ) 2.
“Carbonado” is the name given to diamonds made up of
many small crystals.
( F ) 3.
After a diamond has been cut and polished, it changes its
chemical composition and can be put in a ring.
( F ) 4.
The art of cutting and polishing precious stones remained
crude until the fourteenth century.
( T ) 5.
Industrial diamonds are made up of diamond dust and
broken crystals.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
( F ) 6. During faceting, diamonds are held in copper holders so
that they can revolve more easily and quickly.
( T ) 7. Color or “water” of diamonds matters most.
( T ) 8. Diamonds have different colours depending on which
rocks they come from.
( F ) 9. Zaire produces 70% of all precious stones and diamonds
( NM ) 10. As far as we know, people all over the world like blue
and red diamonds.
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
II. Discussion Questions.
1. Do you know how diamonds are formed ?
2. Can you state briefly the history of diamond discovery,
exploitation and production ?
3. There are many gems in the world. Which one or ones do
you prefer ? Why ?
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
III. Vocabulary: Guess the meaning of the following underlined
words from the text.
) 1. Valuable and huge deposits of oil have been found by drilling.
a. underground layers
b. floors
c. exploitation
d. exports
) 2. The naughty boy’s black eye was evidence that he had been in
a fight.
a. reason
b. proof
c. incident
d. event
) 3. In the West, there are extensive farms and prairies.
a. large
b. expanding
c. long
d. wide
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
) 4. The diamond set in her ring sparkled in the candle-light.
a. trembled
b. lit
c. gave out dim light
d. shone brightly
) 5. I asked the carpenter to make a set of crude furniture.
a. simple
b. uneducated
c. ill-mannered
d. uncultured
) 6. He ran so swiftly that I couldn’t catch up with him.
a. suddenly
b. soon
c. quickly
d. slowly
) 7. The revolving wheel with its edge faced with fine diamond
powder was invented by Ludwig Van Berquen.
a. opposed
b. decorated
c. surfaced
d. confronted
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
) 8. The critics all agree that the bestseller is a flawed masterpiece.
a. dropped to the ground
b. well-written
c. imperfectly formed
d. badly finished
) 9. Lasers can be used to bore holes in diamonds.
a. saws
b. energy beams
c. light planks of wood
d. polishing machines
) 10. He is strong enough to cleave a large block of wood in two.
a. split
b. cut with sharp knife
c. clip together
d. move
) 11. Faceting a diamond is an elaborate and complex process.
a. setting in rings
b. mounting
c. splitting
d. surface polishing
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
) 12. The President shook hands with the ministers and their wives
a. separately
b. respectably
c. respectfully
d. respectedly
) 13. Although the export of oil commands great wealth, the oil
baron still lives a simple life.
a. tells
) 14. We were attracted by the
a. soft
b. brings
b. sunny
c. orders
d. instructs
fine painting shown at the art
c. of high quality
d. payment
) 15. My watch stops because there is something wrong with its
a. direction
b. decoration
c. strap
d. mechanical support
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
IV. Special Use: The Use of Article.
Fill in the blanks with a proper article where necessary.
1. _____
time is dangerous, for it will control you if you don’t control it.
The woman said she
2. I spoke with _____
woman from your firm._____
knew you.
3. There is _____
an old saying that _____
an apple a day keeps _____
doctor away.
4. Go and get _____
ice-cream for me. It’s too hot indoors.
5. Birds of _____
feather flock together.
the sun, _____
the moon or ____
the earth ?
6. Which is farther from _____
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
7. Lucy can play _____
the violin as well as _____
the piano.
/ dinner, we went for _____
a walk by _____
the sea.
8. After _____
9. My mother goes to _____
church every Sunday. _____
church she
usually goes to has _____
seats for over _____
a thousand.
10. This is _____
the most useful textbook I have on this subject.
11. _____
help. We must do our best to look
The dead no longer need _____
the living.
after _____
the accountant and _____
/ secretary of the firm at _____
12. Jim became _____
same time.
The Thames, _____
the Seine and _____
13. _____
Rhine are famous rivers in
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
the Gulf of Mexico and the
14. Actually, _____
_____ Caribbean Sea are part of
the Atlantic Ocean.
15. The old man still remembers the
_____ Paris of the past and says it was
the Paris of _____
gayer than _____
the exact date of _____
the accident, but I know it was
16. I can’t remember _____
/ church.
Sunday because everybody was at _____
A good knowledge of literature is necessary to English majors.
17. _____
18. The children listened to the fairy tale with _____
great attention.
19. In those years he was _____
head of an elementary school and she was
teacher of history in our institute.
an aim is really empty.
20. _____
life without _____
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
V. Translate the following sentences into English, using the
expressions in the parentheses.
1. 年轻人总是展望未来,哪个时代都是如此。(be true of)
Young people always look into the future. This is true of all
2. 她特别注意那位顾客的眼睛,因为它们非常大。(in particular)
She noticed the customer’s eyes in particular, for they were
very big.
3. 因为家境贫困,他被送去当裁缝的徒弟。( be apprenticed to)
Since his family was poor, he was apprenticed to a tailor.
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
4. 由于产品滞销,该厂已停止生产这类产品。(stop doing)
As the products are unsalable, this factory has stopped
producing them.
5. 这位公司总裁尽力使自己的公司不分裂。(fall apart)
The president of the company did what he could to keep his
company from falling apart.
6. 别太自责了,这事注定要发生。(be destined to)
Don’t blame yourself too much, for this was destined to
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
7. 我们现在正招聘一位年轻且有经验的会计来协助外销经理的工作。(as
well as)
We are now seeking a young as well as experienced
accountant to assist the export sales manager.
8. 圣诞节即将来临,这个城市的商业区呈现一派节日气氛。(take on)
With the coming Christmas, the downtown takes on a
festival air.
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
VI. Cloze.
Most of the world’s diamonds come (1)_____ Africa, (2) _____ there is one place in
the United States (3) _____ they are found. It is near Murfreesboro, Arkansas.
Diamonds were (4) _____ found near Murfreesboro in 1906. About fifty thousand
diamonds have come from this field. One (5) _____ diamond was the largest ever (6)
_____ in North America. But most of the stones were (7) _____ small to make
mining (8)_____ . Soon all mining stopped there.
1. a. of
b. through
c. from
d. except
2. a. so
b. but
c. therefore
d. while
3. a. where
b. whereas
c. on which
d. at which
4. a. second
b. above all
c. firstly
d. first
5. a. forty-carats
b. fourteen-carats
c. forty carats
d. forty-carat
6. a. found
b. found out
c. looked for
d. noticed
7. a. so
b. too
c. rather
d. very
8. a. worth
b. worthless
c. worthwhile
d. worthy
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
Today a visitor (9) _____ Murfreesboro can hunt for diamonds (10)_____ .
(11) _____ diamonds have been found in sand and grave (12) _____ the
Great Lakes, too. But (13) _____ of these were in their original blue ground.
They may (14) _____ far to the north and carried south (15) _____ the last
great glaciers.
9. a. to
b. for
c. Of
d. towards
10. a. themselves
b. herself
c. itself
d. himself
11. a. A little
b. Fewer
c. A few
d. A great deal of
12. a. in
b. along
c. below
d. above
13. a. not
b. no
c. none
d. nothing
14. a. have formed
b. have been formed
c. be formed
d. form
15. a. by
b. through
c. from
d. on
Extended Activities
Unit 6 Jewelry
•A Phonetic Drills
•B Function and Structure
•C Practical Reading
•D Additional Vocabulary
•E Business World
•F Humor Time
Phonetic Drills: Consonants—Plosives
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I. Listen to the passage and find out the words containing the
sounds listed below.
Class Reunion
Class reunions are common in the U.S.A. They are usually held in June, on
the anniversary of the high-school and college graduations. Starting at five
or ten years after graduation, class reunions are sometimes held every five
Many people enjoy getting together for an evening with their former
classmates to renew old friendships and to reminisce — talk about old times.
Others avoid these meetings because they may feel uncomfortable with
people they have not seen for years.
became, comfortable, about
/b/ :___________________________________________________________
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
to, start, at, ten, after, sometimes, meeting, get, together
held, old, avoid
class, common, school, college, talk, uncomfortable
_____graduation, getting, together
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
II. Read the following words and phrases and pay attention to the
incomplete plosion. (不完全爆破)
1. Plosive + Plosive
/p, t, k, b, d, g/ are not fully exploded when
followed by another plosive sound.
empty / 5emptI/ equipped / I5kwIpt/
doctor /5dCktE/
stop talking
at college
great care
kind people
step down
strict parents
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
2. Plosive + Fricative (摩擦音)
/p, t, k, b, d, g /
when followed by a fricative.
are not fully exploded
upstairs/ 5Qp5steEz/ helpful/5hepf/
friendship/ 5frendFIp/
stop shouting
an old city
step forward
first visit
take this
a white vase
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
3. Plosive +Affricate (破擦音)
/p, t, k, b, d, g / have no explosion when
followed by an affricate.
an old truck
a black jacket
a cold drink
a sweet dream
a hard journey
the first chapter
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
III. Pronunciation of –ed.
1. The ending –ed, added to regular English verbs to form
the past tense and past participle, has three different
/t / after all voiceless consonants except /t /
/d / after all voiced consonants except /d / and vowels
/Id / after / t, d / as a separate syllable
Exercise III
Unit 6 Jewelry
2. Read the following words.
-ed = / d /
played / peId/
leaned /i:nd/
closed /kEJzd/
filled /fId/
-ed = / t /
laughed / B:f
brushed /brQFt/
pJF t /
danced /dB:nst/ walked /wC:k
pushed /
t / asked /B:sk
-ed = /Id/
waited / 5weItId
5peIntId /
wanted / 5wCntId
painted /
Exercise IV
Unit 6 Jewelry
IV. Practice tones on combination of high level and low level tones.
1. 5 ________
2. 5________
Exercise V
Unit 6 Jewelry
V. Listen and pay special attention to the tones of the following
1. smile at them
2. heard from him
3. look at her
4. wait for us
5. front door
6. excuse me
Exercise VI
Unit 6 Jewelry
VI. Listen and repeat.
1. I want to buy a ↗ hat and a ↙ skirt.
2. I want to buy a ↗ hat, a ↗ skirt and a ↙ coat.
3. What a
clever girl !
4. Where are you ↙ going
5. What are you looking ↙ at ?
Function and Structure: Apologizing
Unit 6 Jewelry
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I. Practise the following expressions with your partner and complete the
following dialogues.
Showing Regret
Sample Sentences
I’m really/awfully/terribly sorry
for being late.
Please forgive me.
I can’t tell you how sorry I am.
An apology may consist of
I feel so awful about It.
one or more of these
I do beg your pardon.(formal) statements.
I didn’t mean to do I t.
That was entirely my fault. I was
too busy to finish I t.
It is not always required to
It was very careless of me, I’m use all these statements in
an apology.
It was quite an accident.
It was really quite unintentional.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
Making Offers
Sample Sentences
It won’t happen again.
We shall ensure that similar
mistakes will not occur again.
I’ll make it up to you.
I wish there were something I However, a statement of
apology is usually followed
could do
by an explanation and an offer
No problem.
to make amends.
That’s OK.
That’s all right. Don’t worry
about it.
Don’t worry about it.
Don’t mention it.
Oh, never mind. It doesn’t
Just forget about it.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
I’m very sorry
but I can’t find the dictionary you
lent me.
That’s OK
Sue: ______________.
I feel so awful about it Let me buy you a new one.
Mary: ____________________.
Just forget about it
Sue: Oh, no. Don’t be silly.______________________.
1. Mary:
2. (at Susan’s home)
John: I’m afraid I spilled coffee on the tablecloth.
worry about it .
Susan: Oh, don’t
John: It was very careless of me, I’m afraid.
there was something I could do .
Don’t mention it I never did like it anyway.
Susan: _______________.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
3. Kim:
Please forgive me Cathy. I’ve just ruined your
It was quite by accident
That’s all right
I feel so awful about it. __________________.
I’ll make it up to you Let
me buy you a new one.
Oh, just forget about it.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
4. (in an office)
awfully sorry
Secretary: I’m
that I haven’t got all the
documents ready for you this morning. It must have
been very embarrassing.
Mr. King:
Well, I was a bit upset at first, but as it turned out
it didn’t really matter
That was entirely my fault I should have finished
Secretary: ______________________.
them before you attended the meeting.
Mr. King:
It wasn’t really all your fault. You had so much to
worry about it
deal with at the time. Anyway, don’t
any more.
Exercise I
Unit 6 Jewelry
5. (in Manager’s office)
keeping you waiting, Mr.
I’m really sorry for
Edwards. I was answering an overseas call.
No problem
Mr. Edwards: ____________________.
You must be a very busy
Well, what can I do for you ?
Mr. Edwards: I checked into my room this morning. I found the
bathroom is in a total mess. The shower doesn’t have
hot water and there’re no towels, no soap, not even
toilet paper.
I can tell you ____________________
to hear that. We
how sorry I am
Do apologize for
the inconvenience. You see,
the hotel has just opened and the kinds haven’t been
worked out yet.
Mr. Edwards: I understand. ____________________.
That’s OK
I’ll have the shower fixed and the toilet items sent to
that won’t happen again
Exercise II
Unit 6 Jewelry
II. Make dialogues with your partner according to the situations given.
Pay special attention to the expressions of apologizing and accepting
1. While at a dinner party at your friend’s house, you
accidentally break his favorite vase.
2. You rush into Mary’s room without knocking at the door.
3. You, director of Company A, inform the sales manager of
Company B that you can’t accept his proposal.
4. You are held up by the traffic and late for an appointment
with an important client.
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Read the diamond catalogue below carefully and then do the
multiple choice exercise.
A Catalogue of Rings
Consists of a wishbone wedding ring, matching engagement
ring set with 8 Diamonds and a wishbone eternity ring set
with 5 Diamonds. (Sizes F to V)
Cat. ② No. 229/1219 RRP £198.99
Cat. No. 229/3358 RRP
①CT: Carat/Karat,开,表示含纯金的量,1CT为含金1/24,24CT为纯金,也称24开
金。9CT为9开金(含金9/24) 。
②Cat: catalogue.
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Set with 4 Diamonds.
Cat. No. 230/9314 RRP
“No. 1 Mum” message.
Cat. No. 229/3987
Set with 4 Diamonds.
Cat. No. 230/3310 RRP
Set with 3 Diamonds.
Cat. No. 229/0519
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Set with 3 Diamonds.
Cat. No. 230/8425 RRP
Channel set. Guaranteed diamond weight 10 points.
carat: 克拉(钻石的重量单位)。
Cat. No. 229/3963
Guaranteed diamond weight 9 points.
Cat. No. 229/0272 RRP
Cat. No. 229/3059 RRP
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Cat. 203/2313 RRP
Available to order only. Allow approximately 14 days
for collection.
Cat. No. 232/0094 RRP
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Inside shank engraved with “I Love You”. Width 4 mm.
Cat. No. 203/3525 RRP
Available to order only. Allow approximately 14 days for collection.
Cat. No. 232/1653 RRP
Cat. No. 203/3855 RRP
Available to order only. Allow approximately 14 days for collection.
Cat. No. 232/1615 RRP
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
Cat. No. 203/3972 RRP
18CT GOLD (Sizes F to V)
Available to order only. Allow approximately 14 days for collection.
Cat. No. 232/1677 RRP
Cat. No. 203/3398 RRP
Available to order only. Allow approximately 14 days for collection.
Cat. No. 232/1639 RRP
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
1. The most expensive ring in the catalogue is ______.
a. Cat. No. 229/2963
b. Cat. No. 232/1677
c. Cat. No. 229/0519
d. Cat. No.232/1639
2. The cheapest RRP among all the rings listed above is ______.
a. Cat. No. 230/8425
b. Cat. No. 203/3855
c. Cat. No. 203/2313
d. Cat. No. 203/3525
3. All the following rings cost £34.99 EXCEPT ______.
a. Cat. No. 229/3987
b. Cat. No. 229/3059
c. Cat. No. 229/3358
d. Cat. No. 203/3972
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
4.______ is engraved in 9ct Gold Sapphire and Diamond Eternity
Ring with Cat. No. 229/3987.
a. “The Best Mum”
b. “No.1 Mum”
c. “The Greatest Mum”
d. “No. 1 Mummy”
5. The eternity ring which contains the most diamonds is ______.
a. Cat. No. 230/3310
b. Cat. No. 229/0519
c. Cat. No. 230/8425
d. Cat. No. 229/0272
6. The guaranteed diamond weight with Cat. No. 229/3963 is
a. 1/10 carat
b. 9 carat
c. 9 points
d. 1/10 points
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
7. The number “9” is used frequently in business, which is a
selling strategy to play on the customer’s psychology. The
price of ______ contains the most “9”.
a. Cat. No. 203/3855
b. Cat. No. 232/1615
c. Cat. No. 229/3963
d. Cat. No. 229/0272
8. ______ are available to order only.
a. Cluster Rings
b. Twist Ring & Wishbone Ring
c. D-shaped Wedding Rings
d. Eternity Rings
Practical Reading: A Catalogue of Rings
Unit 6 Jewelry
9. The inside shank of ______ is engraved with “I Love You”.
a. Diamond Cut Wedding Rings
b. Milled Edge Wedding Rings
c. Plain D-shaped Wedding Rings
d. D-shaped Wedding Rings with High Rounded Bands
10. If you want to buy a 18CT Gold Diamond Cut Star Design
Wedding Ring for your fiancée now, you can save ______.
a. £6.08
b. £32.71
c. £46.61
d. £11.96
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 6 Jewelry
Group work: Guessing at the implied meaning of the Stone for Each
A precious stone may have some implied meanings,
which is derived from its color or quality. The following is a
table of the Stone for Each Month. Work in groups of four or
six, and figure out the implied meaning of these stones.
Give the reason for your guessing. Then compare the results
with the other groups. The first has been done for you as an
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 6 Jewelry
Precious Stones
garnet 石榴石
loyalty, friendly affection
amethyst 紫晶
bravery, calmness
diamond 钻石
purity, innocence
happiness, good luck
wealth, health, longevity
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 6 Jewelry
Precious Stones
ruby 红宝石
agate 玛瑙
happy and harmonious wife
and husband
sapphire 蓝宝石
kindness, love, high prestige
and universal respect
opal 蛋白石
topaz 黄玉
turquoise 绿松石
eternal love
good wish, happiness
friendship, true love
success, victory
E Business World
Unit 6 Jewelry
Source of Gems
Precious or semiprecious stones cut or polished for use in jewelry are
called gems. Most gems are minerals. However, some gems have organic
origins. For example, pearls are formed in the shells of living oysters.
Amber is a fossil resin from ancient pine trees. Coral consists of the
skeletons of tiny sea animals. Jet is a fossil wood related to coal.
Gem minerals are found in a variety of geological environments.
Diamonds are mined mainly in Australia, central and southern Africa, and
Russia. The best rubies come from Burma, and the best sapphires from
Burma, Thailand, and Kashmir (a region claimed by India and Pakistan).
Brazil produces most of the world’s aquamarines. The best emeralds are
found in Colombia. Topaz is mined extensively in Brazil. Fine opal comes
chiefly from Australia. Turquoise is in the southwestern United States and in
F Humor Time
Unit 6 Jewelry
A small store sold a lot of nice jewelry, and the owner was
always very careful to prevent people from stealing it.
One day a thief came and tried to steal a beautiful necklace, but
the owner of the store caught him immediately and went to the
telephone to call the police to come and arrest him.
“Please don’t do that!” the thief said. “I have a wife and three
children at home. And I’ll pay for the necklace.”
The owner of the store felt sorry for the man and he didn’t want
to have a lot of trouble with the police, so he accepted the man’s
offer to pay for the necklace and went to prepare a bill for It. But
when he gave it to the thief, the man looked disturbed and said, “I
wasn’t intending to get anything as expensive as that. Do you have
something cheaper ?”