Interni razvoj proizvoda

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Interni razvoj proizvoda
SAP Best Practices
Svrha, prednosti i ključni koraci procesa
Svrha
 Poslovni proces uključuje sve korake potrebne za postavu i obradu projekta za razvoj novog proizvoda.
 Scenarij također podržavaju potrebne funkcije kontrole nositelja glavnog troška poput preliminarnog obračuna troškova i zatvaranja na kraju
perioda.
Prednosti
 Strukturiranje projekta
 Pojednostavljeni preliminarni obračun troškova za složene projekte
 Razine revizije osiguravaju dosljednost podataka
Pokriveni ključni tokovi procesa
 Upravljanje dokumentima (Easy Document Management)
o Dodjela dokumenta (KPR) matičnim slogovima materijala gotovog proizvoda
 Upravljanje projektom
o Kreiranje projekta na osnovi predloška
 Upravljanje podacima proizvoda s CM-om konstrukcije
o
o
o
o
o
Kreiranje broja promjene za razvojni projekt
Prikaz sastavnice novog proizvoda
Pon. prikaz sastavnice (učinci broja promjene)
Upravljanje statusom sastavnice
Dodjela razine revizije matičnom slogu materijala novog proizvoda
 Kontroling troškova proizvoda
o Procjena troškova materijala za novi proizvod prije i poslije promjena sastavnice (pokazan je učinak promjene na cijenu)
o Izračun materijala
 Zatvaranje projekta
o Bilježenje (konstrukcijske) aktivnosti razvoja
o Zatvaranje i obračun projekta
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
2
Potrebne SAP aplikacije i uloge u poduzeću
Potrebno
 Paket proširenja 5 za SAP ERP 6.0
Uloge u poduzeću uključene u tokove procesa






Zaposlenik (Professional User)
Voditelj projekta
Inženjer - specijalist
Enterprise Kontroler
Kontrolor troškova proizvoda
Računovođa Osnovnih Sredstava
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
3
Detaljni opis procesa
Interni razvoj proizvoda
Ovaj scenarij podržava poduzeća u dizajniranju novih proizvoda.
SAP Product Lifecycle Management osigurava funkcije upravljanja projektima za prikupljanje svih troškova i
dokumenata za razvoj proizvoda. Projekt osigurava središnju strukturu za prikupljanje troškova i upravljanje
dokumentacijom. Funkcije transparentnog upravljanja sastavnicama i podacima proizvoda pomažu u
pretvaranju specifikacije proizvoda u konstrukcijsku sastavnicu koja se može kopirati za kreiranje
proizvodne sastavnice. Bilježe se sve aktivnosti projekta.
 Odjel internog dizajna osmišljava prijedlog dizajna za novi proizvod koji služi kao temelj za specifikaciju
proizvoda.
 Novi matični slog materijala i sastavnica materijala kreiraju se u backend sustavu. Kasnije kontrolor
proizvodnje kreira plan operacija kao temelj za proizvodnju i izračun proizvoda.
 Za provjeru razine cijene koju je marketinški odjel naveo za novi proizvod, kontrolor troškova proizvoda
izračunava troškove materijala koristeći sastavnicu i plan operacija. Budući da procijenjena cijena
prekoračuje navedeno ograničenje cijene, komponenta sastavnice novog proizvoda zamjenjuje se
jeftinijom komponentom koristeći upravljanje promjenama. Odjel dizajna izdaje matični slog
konstrukcijske promjene za prikupljanje i dokumentiranje svih promjena prema dokumentu specifikacije.
 Nakon drugog izvođenja obračuna troškova (procjena troškova) cijena odgovara proračunu. Sada je
moguće popraviti status razvoja novog proizvoda dodjeljivanjem razine revizije.
 Na kraju scenarija odjel internog dizajna bilježi aktivnosti izvršene tijekom projekta i konačno zatvara
projekt.
 Proizvođač kreira proizvodnu sastavnicu (kopiranjem konstrukcijske sastavnice (tip upotrebe 2) u
proizvodnu sastavnicu (tip upotrebe 1). Upravljanje kvalitetom u proizvodnji, upravljanje kreditima i
zatvaranje pogona i poduzeća.
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
4
Dijagram toka procesa
Zahtjev za dizajn za
novi proizvod
Prijem zahtjeva za dizajn
od internog odjela
marketinga
Prijem specifikacije od
internog odjela marketinga i
kreiranje info sloga
dokumenta
Kreiranje projekta dizajna
Otpuštanje projekta
Odobren
je
radnog
vremena
Kreiranje mat. sloga
konstr. promjene
(ECM) za CAD
crtanje
Dodjela razine
revizije materijalu
zaglavlja novog
proizvoda
CAD sučelje procesa
dizajna proizvoda
Kreiranje
sastavnice
mater.(155.37)
Kreiranje info
sloga
dokumenta
Kreiranje mat.
sloga mater. za
materijal
zaglavlja
Povez. info sloga
dokumenta s
materijalom
zaglavlja i otpušt.
dokumenta
Kontrolor
troškova
proizvoda
Inženjer - specijalist
Voditelj
projekta
Odjel
marketin
ga
Interni razvoj proizvoda
Kreiranje plana
op. (155.39)
Zaključ. matičnog
sloga konstr. prom.
Aktiviranje broja
promjene
Enterprise
Kontroler
Kreiranje
procjene
troškova sa
strukturom
količine
Generiran
je pravila
obračuna
Prijenos
zabilježenih
podataka u
kontroling
Kreir. novog matičnog
slog konstr. promjene
Ažuriranje dok. pomoću
CAD dok. i dodjela
materijalu zaglavlja novog
proizvoda
Tehničko
dovršenje
projekta
Zaključ.
matičnog sloga
konstr. prom.
Obračun
projekta u
CO-PA
Zatv.
dovršenog
projekta
Biljež. rad.
vremena
Aktiviranje
broja
promjene
Dodjela razine
revizije
Kreiranje
proizvodne sast. iz
konstrukcijske sast.
Promjena sast. i
prikaz sastav.
Procj. troška
proizvoda
previsoka
Obračun
troškova
reference i
simulacije (187)
Procjena
troškova
Učini sast.
relev. za obr.
troškova
Nastavak
standardnog
izračuna
troškova
(154)
Zatvaranje na kraju
razdoblja “Opće”
(181)
BOM = sastavnica, DM = upravljanje dokumentima
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
5
Dijagram toka procesa
Biljež. rad.
vremena
(Izborno)
Direktna
alokacija
aktivnosti
Odobrenje
radnog
vremena
Tehničko
dovršenje
projekta
(Izborno)
Generiranje
pravila
obračuna
Stvarni obračun
projekta u analizu
profitabilnosti
(CO-PA)
Održavanje
pravila
obračuna
Stvarni
obračun
projekta u
upravljanje
imovinom
Zatvaranje
dovrš. projekta
Zatvaranje
na kraju
razdoblja za
pogon (181)
Prijenos
zabilježenih
podataka u
kontroling
Računovođa
Osnovnih
Sredstava
Enterprise
Kontroler
Voditelj projekta
Zaposlenik
(Professional User)
Upravljanje projektom
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
(Izborno)
Kreiranje
imovine
6
Legend
<Function>
Symbol
Description
Usage Comments
Band: Identifies a user role, such as Accounts
Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. This band
can also identify an organization unit or group,
rather than a specific role.
Role band contains
tasks common to that
role.
Symbol
Diagram
Connection
The other process flow symbols in this table go
into these rows. You have as many rows as
required to cover all of the roles in the scenario.
External
to SAP
External Events: Contains events that start or end
the scenario, or influence the course of events in
the scenario.
Business
Activity / Event
Unit Process
Process
Reference
SubProcess
Reference
Process
Decision
Usage Comments
To next / From last Diagram: Leads
to the next / previous page of the
Diagram
Flow chart continues on the next /
previous page
Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a
printed document, report, or form
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Financial Actuals: Indicates a
financial posting document
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Budget Planning: Indicates a
budget planning document
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Manual Process: Covers a task
that is manually done
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in a document;
instead, it is used to reflect a task
that is manually performed, such
as unloading a truck in the
warehouse, which affects the
process flow.
Existing Version / Data: This block
covers data that feeds in from an
external process
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in a document;
instead, this shape reflects data
coming from an external source;
this step does not have any
incoming flow lines
System Pass / Fail Decision: This
block covers an automatic
decision made by the software
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in the document;
instead it is used to reflect an
automatic decision by the system
that is made after a step has been
executed.
Hardcopy /
Document
Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal
sequence of steps and direction of flow in the
scenario.
Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to
infrequently-used or conditional tasks in a
scenario. Line can also lead to documents involved
in the process flow.
Connects two tasks in
a scenario process or
a non-step event
Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that
either leads into or out of the scenario, or an
outside Process that happens during the scenario
Does not correspond
to a task step in the
document
Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a
step-by-step manner in the scenario
Corresponds to a task
step in the document
Financial
Actuals
Process Reference: If the scenario references
another scenario in total, put the scenario number
and name here.
Corresponds to a task
step in the document
Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references
another scenario in part, put the scenario number,
name, and the step numbers from that scenario
here
Corresponds to a task
step in the document
Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching
point, signifying a choice to be made by the end
user. Lines represent different choices emerging
from different parts of the diamond.
Does not usually
correspond to a task
step in the document;
Reflects a choice to
be made after step
execution
© 2011. SAP AG. Sva prava pridržana.
Description
Budget
Planning
Manual
Process
Existing
Version /
Data
System
Pass/Fail
Decision
7
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8
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