Unit 5 Eating Habits

Teaching Aim
Reading I
Reading II
Extended Activities
Teaching Aim
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. Cognitive Information (认知信息): American and British Eating
Habits; Food and Nutrition
2. Language Focus (内容重点)
— Key Words: I. selection, available, nutrition, purchase,
quantity, skip, consequence, consume, compile,
awareness, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, cereal; II emphasis,
trend, survive, boil, fry, scramble, roast, mash, bake,
steam, serve, decorate, resort, exotic, ethnic
— Phrases: I.be responsible for, eat out, on the average,
be a threat to, in a / the (adj. ) mood for, rich in, a variety of;
II. associate with, begin with, in general, regard as
— Word Study: taste, rush, contain, lose, choose
Teaching Aim
Unit 5 Eating Habits
— Useful Structures:
used to ...
no longer...
while...,...(clause for contrast)
with... (absolute structure)
— Grammar: Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs
3. Communicative Skills
— Expressions: Ordering a Meal
— Reading: Menus
4. Phonetic Review(语音复习): Centering Diphthongs
Reading I
• Pre-reading
• Text
• Background Information
• New Words and Expressions
• Exercises
• Post-reading
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Unit 5 Eating Habits
• Pre-reading I
• Pre-reading II
Pre-reading I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
I. Brainstorming: Discuss with your partner about what you eat.
Meat &
pork, lamb羔羊肉
, beef, chicken,
ham火腿, turkey,
fish, shrimp虾,
bacon咸肉, steak
牛排, rib排骨,
crab螃蟹, prawn
对虾, squid鱿鱼,
Lobster龙虾, cod
鳕鱼, mussel淡
green pepper青
椒, onion洋葱,
leek, tomato,
cabbage, lettuce
生菜, carrot胡萝
卜, eggplant,
spinach 菠菜
apple, banana,
orange, grape,
pineapple, lemon,
cherry, coconut,
Dessert &
pudding, sandwich,
cake, pasta意大利面
食, hotdog, cookie饼
干, toast烤面包, bun
小圆面包, dumpling,
tart果馅饼, biscuit,
jelly果冻, pie馅饼,
ice-cream, pancake
薄烤饼, pastry油酥
点心, hamburger
Pre-reading II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ⅱ. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner.
1. What kinds of food do you like best?
2. What do you think are good/bad eating habits? How
about your own eating habits?
3. How do you like the idea of being a vegetarian (素食者)?
4. Are the Chinese lifestyles changing? If any, in what way?
5. How do you think a person’s lifestyle affects his or her
eating habits?
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Changing Life-style and New Eating Habits
1. Americans today have different eating habits
than in the past. There is a wide selection of
food available. They have a broader knowledge
of nutrition so they buy more fresh fruit and
vegetables than ever before. At the same time,
Americans purchase increasing quantities of 大
量的sweets, snacks小吃, and sodas.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
2. Statistics show that the way people live determines the
way they eat. American life-styles have changed. They
now include growing numbers of people who live alone,
single parents and children, and double-income families.
These changing life-styles are responsible for the
increasing number of people who must rush meals or
sometimes skip(miss) them altogether. Americans have
less time than ever before to spend preparing food .
Partly as a consequence of 由于什么样的结果this limited
time, 60 percent of all American homes now have
microwave ovens. Moreover, Americans eat out nearly
four times a week on the average.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. It is easy to study the amounts and kinds of food that
people consume. The United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA) and the food industry— growers种植者,
processors 处 理 器 , marketers 市 场 营 销 者 , and
restaurateurs— compile sales statistics销售统计 and keep
accurate records准确记录. This information not only tells
us what people are eating but also tells us about the
changes in attitudes and tastes. Red meat, which used to
be the most popular choice for dinner, is no longer an
American favorite. Instead, chicken, turkey, and fish have
become more popular. Sales of these foods have greatly
increased in recent years. This is probably a result of the
awareness意识到 of the dangers of eating food which
contains high levels of cholesterol胆固醇, or animal fat动
物油. Doctors believe that cholesterol is a threat 威胁to
human health.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4. According to a recent survey, Americans also change their
eating patterns to meet the needs of different situations.
They have certain ideas about which foods will increase
their athletic ability运动能力, help them lose weight, make
them alert警觉 for business meetings, or put them in the
mood for romance. For example, Americans choose pasta,
fruit意大利面食, and vegetables, which supply them with
carbohydrates 碳 水 化 合 物 , to give them strength for
physical activity, such as sports. Adults choose food rich in
fiber, such as bread and cereal, for breakfast, and salads
for lunch to prepare them for business appointments. For
romantic dinners, however, Americans choose shrimp and
lobster. While many of these ideas are based on nutritional
facts, some are not.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
5. American’s awareness of nutrition, along with
their changing tastes and needs, leads them
to consume a wide variety of foods— foods
for health, for fun, and simply for good taste.
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. American eating habits
For the most part, Americans want their food to be quick, convenient,
and cheap — regardless of whether they buy it at a supermarket or a
local fast-food franchise. For lunch, sandwiches are the commonest
food. Salads are also popular. For supper, the most popular has got to
be steak and baked potato. Chicken and pizza are also popular.
Americans like things that are fast and easy, requiring minimal
personal or economic sacrifice. Americans also value “looking good”
and choose foods that “look good. ” Some are even willing to spend a
lot of money for food that makes them “look good” — as when they eat
in expensive restaurants. The characteristics of America’s dominant
food culture are cost, convenience, and appearance. However, a new
American food ethic is emerging to challenge these dominant values.
The rapid growth in demand for “alternative food products” — including
organic, natural, pesticide free, hormone and antibiotic free, grassfed, etc. — is one indicator of the new food ethic, which reflects a
desire to care for the earth and its people.
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
2. Diet 饮食
Americans have a love-hate relationship with dieting and
exercise. They purchase millions of diet books and invest in
gym memberships and exercise equipment but the number of
calories they consume continues to rise. The majority of US
adults and 15% of US children are overweight or obese肥胖.
Despite a strong interest in healthy eating, Americans continue
to consume snacks快餐,小吃 and sweets at alarming令人担忧
的 rates. Americans are also unwilling to forego(give up)
convenience or taste for health benefits. More and more
Americans are relying on fast food, shelf stable meals, and
prepared foods, rather than cooking from scratch 凑 合 .
Consumers’ food attitudes are also changing, reflected in the
growing popularity of low carbohydrate products, functional
foods and vegetarian and organic foods.有机食物
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. British eating habits
The British people tend to have a big breakfast before they
go to work and the meal at midday is not spent with the
members of the family but with workmates or schoolmates.
Lunch is normally eaten between 12. 30 p. m. and 1. 30 p. m.
Most people finish work at five thirty. It often takes at least an
hour to get home from the school or workplace, so people
tend to eat their evening meal or “dinner” between 6. 30 p. m.
and 8 p. m. On Sundays people don’t have to work, so they
usually get up very late and have a meal called brunch早午餐,
which means a combination of breakfast and lunch. Sunday
lunch is usually the best meal of the week and many of the
typically特色 British food are eaten for Sunday lunch. For
example roast beef and Yorkshire pudding.
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Generally speaking, the British breakfast is much bigger
than in most other countries. Many people like to have a
fried breakfast, which consists of fried bacon咸肉 and eggs
with fried bread and possibly fried tomatoes or black
pudding. Of course not everybody wants to eat a lot early in
the morning and many people prefer to just eat toast and
marmalade with tea or coffee. Cereals谷类 are also very
popular. The most common is cornflakes玉米片. They are
made with different grains谷粒 such as corn, wheat, oats燕
麦, etc. In Scotland many people eat “porridge燕麦粥” or
boiled oats. Porridge is very heavy but in winter it will keep
you warm on your way to school.
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Packed lunch
If you go to Britain to study English and you stay
with a family you will almost certainly be given a
“packed lunch” to eat for your midday meal. Some
factories and schools have canteens where you can
eat but the packed lunch is the most common thing to
eat. A packed lunch normally consists of some
sandwiches, a packet of crisps薯片, an apple and a
can of something to drink, for example, coca-cola. The
contents are kept in a plastic container and you take it
with you when you go to school or work.
Background Information
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Things are changing and most British people eat
meals from many different countries, for example,
spaghetti (意大利式细面条) or curry (咖喱食品). In
fact, you could even say that the British don’t eat much
British food. However, the most typical thing to eat for
dinner is “meat and two veg”. This consists of a piece of
meat accompanied by two different boiled vegetables.
This is covered with “gravy” 肉汁which is a sauce调味汁
made with the juice that was obtained when the meat
was cooked. One of the vegetables is almost always
potato. The British eat a lot of potatoes.
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
• New words and Expressions
• Notes
• Language and Culture Focus
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. selection
the act of choosing the most suitable from a
group 挑选
2. available
(something) that can be obtained 可得到的
3. nutrition
n. food needed for life 营养 [nutritious a. 有营养的]
4. snack
refreshment 小吃:点心
5. soda
a chemical substance in common use; a
compound of sodium 苏打;碳酸饮料
6. statistics
(pl. ) collection of information shown in
numbers 统计数据
7. rush
to act hastily 仓促行事
8. skip
to pass over or leave out 略过
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
9. consequence
10. microwave
11. oven
12. average
13. consume
14. processor
15. marketer
a result or an effect of something else 结果
a very short electromagnetic wave used in
radio and radar, also in cooking 微波
an enclosed boxlike space in which things
are cooked or heated 烤炉
the result got by adding two or more
amounts together and dividing the total by
the number of amounts 平均数
to use or eat 消费
a person whose business is to prepare
food for sale (食品)加工商
a businessman or a firm that sells goods in
a market 商人或商号
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
16. restaurateur
a manager or owner of a restaurant 餐馆经理
17. compile
to collect information and arrange it in writing
18. turkey
a large bird reared to be eaten 火鸡
19. awareness
knowledge or realization 知道
20. cholesterol
fatty substance found in animal fluids and
tissue 胆固醇
21. fat
white or yellow greasy substance found in
animal bodies under the skin 脂肪
22. athletic
physically strong and active 强壮灵敏的
23. alert
attentive and quick to think or act 机警的
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
24. romance
n. a love affair 浪漫艳事
25. pasta
n. food made from flour, eggs and water and cut
into various shapes 意大利面制品
26. carbohydrate
n. any of various types of organic compound, such
as sugar and starch, containing carbon,
hydrogen and oxygen 碳水化合物
27. fiber
n. any of the thin threads of which many animal
and plant tissues are formed 纤维
28. cereal
n. grain produced by various types of grass 谷类
29. shrimp
n. small shellfish 小虾
30. lobster
n. large bluish-black shellfish with eight legs and
two long claws 龙虾
New Words and Expressions
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. be responsible for
to be the cause of (something)
2. on (the) average
calculated as an average 平均
3. be a threat to
to be a warning of danger to
(somebody) 对……具有威胁
4. in a … /the mood
in a certain state of mind 处于某种
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. single parent: a parent bringing up a child/children on
his/her own.
2. rush meals or sometimes skip them altogether: to finish
meals fast and hastily, and sometimes even fail to have a
3. red meat: pork and beef are often referred to as red meat;
chicken and fish are considered as white meat.
4. eating patterns: recognizable ways of eating.
5. pasta: Italian noodles, such as macaroni (通心粉), spaghetti
(细面条), and ravioli (方形饺).
Unit 5 Eating Habits
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
I Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions.
1. Why do Americans have different eating habits today?
2. How have American life-styles changed? Give some
3. How do these changing life-styles affect the way they
4. Why are microwave ovens so popular in American
5. How often do Americans dine out per week?
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
6. Why do Americans find it not difficult to get information about
their food ?
7. Who provides American consumers with food information ?
8. Who are engaged in the food industry ?
9. What accounts for red meats being in disfavor today ?
10. What is the danger of cholesterol ? And how does it change
people’s eating habits ?
11. What does a recent survey reveal ?
12. What leads Americans to consume a wide variety of foods ?
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
II. Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences.
( b ) 1. The main idea of the text is _____________
a. Americans now consume a wider variety of foods
b. Americans’ eating habits have changed because of changing life-styles
c. Americans have a greater awareness of nutrition now than they did years
d. Americans have less time than before to prepare meals
( c ) 2. In paragraph 2, “a double-income family” means ____________
a. a family that makes twice as much money as another family
b. a family where a parent has two jobs
c. a family where both parents have jobs
d. a family that spends twice as much as it earns
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
( d ) 3. According to a recent survey, ______________.
a. Americans prefer foods rich in vitamins
b. Americans prefer foods rich in fiber
c. Americans eat different foods to be healthy
d. Americans eat different foods for different purposes
( b ) 4. Americans prefer ________________ for romantic
a. bread and cereal
b. lobster and shrimp
c. salad and dessert
d. fruit and vegetable
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
( d ) 5. According to the text , we can conclude
that_______________ is true.
a. Americans do not eat many sweets nowadays
b. Americans are very particular about what they eat
c. Americans eat the same way they did in the past
d. Americans eat out more frequently now than before
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
III Give the English words or phrases according to the meanings
1. consequence
__________ a thing that is a result of something else
3. restaurateur
__________ an owner of a restaurant
4. processor
__________ a person whose business is to prepare food
for sale
5. __________
a businessman or a firm that sells something
in a market
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
6. __________
physically身体上 strong and active
7. __________
the process of giving or getting food
single-parent a parent bringing up children on his/her own
8. __________
9. __________
knowledge or realization
10. __________
to collect information and arrange it in writing
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
IV Put the following words or expressions from the text in the
blanks to complete the sentences. Make changes where
in the mood
eat out
variety of food in their diet. For example, for breakfast they like
1. Children like to eat a _______
to choose among cereal, pancakes, doughnuts(炸甜圈) or eggs and toast.
skip to the next part and go
2. If you do not understand one part of the test, you can _______
back to the difficult part later.
3. I don’t want to talk about it now. I’m not ____________for
in the mood a joke.
4. Dean and Jenny are going to _________a
compile list of all the places they want to visit on
their next trip across the country.
5. I like all kinds of cakes, cookies, and ice cream, but my _________
favorite dessert is
chocolate ice cream.
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
survey of
6. The college cafeteria(食堂) manager is going to conduct a ________
the students to help her decide which foods students prefer.
7. Small children have very little awareness
_________ of the dangers of running
into the street.
out regularly, you definitely should take an active interest in
8. If you eat
eating better restaurant food.
9. Many students drink large quantities of coffee to keep them _______
while they are studying for an important exam.
10. There is a growing gap between what the country produces and what it
consumes .
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
V. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined words
with appropriate words or phrases from the text.
1. The employees are encouraged to buy shares of their
own company.
2. He inherited something from his father, but he soon
used up his fortune.
3. She does exercise every day so she looks very strong
and healthy .
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4. Although he is over eighty his mind is still remarkably
5. Generally I work ten hours a day.
On the average
6. Smoking is the cause of many cases of lung cancer.
responsible for
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
VI. Word study: For each of the following clues, use the given
prompts to produce sentences in the same way as shown in the
1. Promp: this/type/event/not/everyone/taste (n. )
Model : This type of event isn’t to everyone’s taste.
a. she/decide/become/actress/get/first/taste (n. )/fame/local theatre
b. I/order/chocolate/ice cream/this/taste (v. )/coffee
c. I/successful/I/ability/make/things/taste (v. )/look/good
a. She decided to become an actress after getting her first taste of
fame in a local theatre.
b. I ordered chocolate ice cream, but this tastes of coffee.
c. I am successful because I have the ability to make things taste
and look good.
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
2. Prompt: you/rush (v. )/meals/you/indigestion
Model: If you rush your meals, you’ll get indigestion.
a. I/forgot/wallet/usual/Monday/morning/rush (n. )
b. Joan/train/schedule/leave/6 p. m. /5:50/she/have to/rush
(v. )/ not/miss/train
c. Dan/rush (v. )/ hospital/serious/head/injury/traffic/accident
a. I have forgotten my wallet in the usual Monday morning rush.
b. Joan’s train was scheduled to leave at 6 p. m., but it was 5∶50, so
she had to rush in order not to miss her train.
c. Dan was rushed to hospital with serious head injuries after a
traffic accident.
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. Prompt: important/eat/meat/eggs/they/contain/protein/vitamins
Model: It is important to eat meat or eggs, as they contain protein and
a. list/addresses/suppliers/should/contain
b. film/ban/ contain
c. sink/waste/contain
(v. )/all/computer
(v. )/number/extreme/violent/scene
(n. )/pose/serious/threat/time/they/begin/leak
a. A list of addresses of suppliers should be contained in all
computer manuals.
b. The film was banned because it contained a number of
extremely violent scenes.
c. Sunken waste containers could pose a serious threat over time as
they begin to leak.
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4. Prompt: you/lose/credit/card/phone/number/immediate
Model: If you lose your credit card, phone this number immediately.
a. better/lose (v. )/face/open/not/understand/message/than/lose
(v. )/sleep/night/it
b. company/report/lose (n. )/82 million/ third quarter
c. we/at/lose (n. )/as to/he/come/empty/house
a. Better to lose face and be open about not understanding the
message, than to lose sleep at night over it.
b. The company reported losses of 82 million for the third quarter.
c. We are at a loss as to how he came into the empty house.
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
5. Prompt: you/would/many/choose/you/want/make/use/material
Model: You would have many to choose from if you wanted to make use of
these materials.
a. people/interest/temporary/working/more/like/choose (v. )/agency
b. she/want/men/believe/choose (a. )/clothes
c. you/have to/do/choose (v. )/date/want/go/holiday/decide/destination
d. difficult/choose (n. )/we/final/decide/Hannah/have/prize
a. People interested in temporary working are more likely to choose
to be agency workers(代理人员) rather than direct employees.
b. She wanted men to believe that she was choosy about clothes.
c. All you have to do is to choose the date you want to go on holiday
and decide on the destination.
d. It was a difficult choice, but we finally decided that Hannah should
have the prize.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Role Play: What Shall We Eat Today ?
• Task 1: Work in groups
• Task 2:Work in class
Task 1: Work in groups.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
A guest will come to spend the weekend with you.
Work in groups of four to plan meals for the whole
day (breakfast, lunch, tea, and dinner) for your
guest. The dishes should be “special” but the
materials you select ought to be available from the
nearby supermarket. And then write out the menu
with the names of dishes and the materials you use.
Task 2: Work in class.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Each group selects a spokesman/woman to present their
menu to the class. Then the whole class discuss these
menus and select the best menu of the class.
Our Menu
Reading II
• Dictation
• Text
• Exercises
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Buffets are a very popular way of
entertaining, especially for large groups. They may be
served as a luncheon, dinner, or supper. They may be
formal or informal. Food may be served cold or warm.
At a buffet many people can be served in a short time.
The food is attractively arranged on a long table. Guests
take their plates and choose their food from a variety of
dishes. Usually they sit at tables. But at informal
buffets, people eat standing up. If they do this, they have
to eat most foods with a fork or with their fingers.
• Text
• Notes
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Unit 5 Eating Habits
British Food
1 Traditional British food, with its emphasis on puddings,
pies, cakes, meat dishes and fried food, no longer
forms a main part of most people’s diet because of the
trend towards lighter, more easily prepared food.
Traditional methods of preserving meat and fish, such
as salting and smoking, are no longer necessary and
food such as kippers (smoked herrings), salt pork and
beef, and bacon are eaten less frequently than before.
Nevertheless, many traditional dishes survive,
especially those associated with special occasions.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Eggs are eaten boiled, fried, or scrambled, with
boiled eggs usually preferred soft, and traditionally
cooked for three minutes.
3 Potatoes are one of the most common vegetables,
served either as chips, roasted or mashed potatoes,
or baked in their skins (jacket potatoes).
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Breakfast often begins with fruit juice, followed by
cereal to which milk and sugar are added. Some
people, especially in Scotland, still prefer porridge to
cereal, and eat it with milk and sugar or salt. A
traditional English breakfast also includes a cooked
dish such as bacon and eggs, but few people eat this
nowadays, preferring a lighter “continental” breakfast.
Toast and marmalade, and tea or coffee, complete
the meal.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Puddings of all kinds are typically British, and the
word itself can describe both savoury and sweet
dishes, or mean simply “dessert” in general. Among
the best-known sweet dishes are rice pudding,
bread-and-butter pudding, steamed pudding, and
Christmas pudding. Plum pudding (which does not
contain plums) is another name for Christmas
pudding. Other familiar desserts are fruit-based
ones such as apple pie or gooseberry fool.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
6 There are many varieties of bread and cake. Bread is
white or brown.
There are different kinds of loaf,
including the specially shaped cottage loaf and cob
loaf. For a “continental” breakfast, many people now
prefer French-type rolls such as croissants.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
7 Some foods are traditionally prepared for a particular
festival or celebration. Christmas pudding is eaten at
Christmas, pancakes are often served (as a sweet
course, with lemon and sugar) on Shrove Tuesday,
and hot cross buns are eaten on Good Friday.
Special big cakes are prepared for weddings and
birthdays. Wedding cakes are usually elaborately
iced and decorated, with two or more tiers; birthday
cakes are also normally iced, with the person’s age
shown by the number of small candles stuck in the
Unit 5 Eating Habits
8 The British enjoy eating sweets, especially chocolate,
and the many popular types of confectionery include
toffee, mints and boiled sweets. Sticks of rock are
traditionally popular in holiday resorts, as are ice
cream, candy floss and other “fun foods”.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
9 In recent years there has been an increase in the
consumption of “convenience” and unhealthy “junk”
foods, but also a growing interest in healthy, natural
or “organic” foods. At the same time, the British diet
now includes many dishes that would formerly have
been regarded as exotic or unusual. Among the
most popular are Chinese, Indian and Italian, which
have largely been popularized by ethnic restaurants.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. preserve: to treat food by salting or cooking it in sugar, so that
it won’t go bad easily.
2. kippers: smoked herring, which may be served for breakfast.
3. (be) associated with: (be) connected with.
4. scramble: to mix the whites and yolks of (eggs) together while
cooking them in a saucepan with milk and butter.
5. chips: (British English) small stick-shaped pieces of potato,
fried in oil and fat.
Unit 5 Eating Habits
6. mashed potatoes: potatoes which have been peeled, boiled and then
crushed with butter and milk until they form a soft cream. (奶油土豆泥)
7. in their skins: with their skins on.
8. begin with: to start something as the first part.
9. continental: of the mainland of Europe.
10. gooseberry fool: dessert made from crushed gooseberries and cream.
11. in general: usually, in most cases, generally speaking.
12. Christmas pudding: heavy sweet pudding containing a lot of dried fruit
and often covered with burning alcohol (brandy), served hot at the end of
dinner on Christmas Day (圣诞布丁).
Unit 5 Eating Habits
13. cob loaf: round loaf of bread. (圆面包)
14. croissants: 羊角面包.
15. pancake: thin soft flat cake made of flour, milk and eggs. (薄烤饼)
16. Shrove Tuesday: the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, or called
Pancake Day. [(基督教)忏悔星期二(大斋首日的前一天)]
17. hot cross buns: spiced bun, with a cross of sugar on top of it,
eaten at Easter time, and especially on Good Friday. (十字小圆
Unit 5 Eating Habits
18. Good Friday: the Friday before Easter Sunday observed by Christians
to remember the crucifixion of Jesus Christ (基督教的受难节,即复活节
19. tiers: rows or parts of structure placed one above another. (层)
20. icing: covering of sugar and flavouring spread over a cake or biscuits.
Ice v. to put icing on (cakes, etc. ).
21. confectionery: sweets, chocolates, cakes, etc. [(总称)甜食]
22. toffee: hard sticky sweet made by heating sugar, butter, etc. (太妃糖)
23. sticks of rocks: a type of hard sugar sweet. (硬棒糖)
24. candy floss: melted sugar spun to make a fluffy pink mass.
25. ethnic: (typical) of a national, racial or tribal group that has a common
cultural tradition. (民族的;种族的)
Unit 5 Eating Habits
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
I. Comprehension: True/False/Not Mentioned.
( T ) 1. Because people tend to eat lighter, more easily prepared food,
traditional British food doesn’t form a main part of most people’s
( F ) 2. Nevertheless, a few traditional dishes have been passed down,
particularly those connected with special occasions.
( F ) 3. There are many ways to cook eggs, but no matter how you cook
them, they should be cooked for three minutes only.
( F ) 4. In Scotland, some people prefer cereal to porridge and eat it with
milk and sugar.
( F ) 5. The best-known savoury dishes are rice pudding, steamed
pudding, Christmas pudding, etc.
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
( F ) 6. Christmas pudding can also be called plum pudding
which contains plums.
( NM) 7. French-type rolls such as croissants are more delicious
than British bread.
( T ) 8. Some foods are prepared for a particular festival or
celebration, such as pancakes and hot cross buns.
( T ) 9. The English people love to eat sweets, especially
( F ) 10. The British diet now excludes a number of dishes that
have been regarded as exotic or unusual.
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ⅱ. Discussion Questions.
1. When do people in our country usually eat the biggest
meal of the day ? Do you think it’s the best time to eat
it ?
2. Which unhealthy foods do you enjoy eating ? And what
are the consequences ?
3. What do you know about the Western food culture and
the Chinese food culture? And what are the major
differences ?
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ⅲ Vocabulary: Guess the meaning of the underlined words
and expressions from the text.
( ) 1. In the modern society there is a growing trend towards smaller families.
a. problem to deal with
b. difficult situation
c. general tendency or direction
d. environment
( ) 2.The marketing manager laid emphasis at the meeting on the importance
of sales promotion by means of media.
a. stress
b. significance
c. necessity
d. benefit
) 3. Various lighter foods are popular among the old people in Britain.
a. easily digestible
b. healthy
c. nutritious
d. delicious
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
) 4. With people’s growing awareness of nutrition, they begin to pay much
attention to a balanced diet .
a. foods of good taste
b. different kinds of foods regularly provided
c. healthy dishes
d. a low-fiber food
) 5. You must learn to make difficult decisions if you are to survive in
business .
a. continue to exist
b. make a great success
c. achieve fame
d. become a millionaire
) 6. The taxpayers associated him with all the monkey business going on in
the city government.
a. blamed...for
b. accused...of
c. looked down on...for
d. connected...with
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
) 7. There was no news; nevertheless we went on hoping.
a. for
c. however
d. in case
) 8. Don’t bother the manager about business when he and his wife
are enjoying themselves in the holiday resort.
a. seaside area
b. holiday inn
c. mountain region
d. popular places for holiday
) 9. Judge your success by the degree that your life includes
peace, health and love.
a. concludes
b. therefore
b. contains
c. sums up
d. excludes
) 10. It really hurt when the nurse stuck the needle into my arm.
a. fixed
b. felt
c. took
d. pushed
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ⅲ. Vocabulary: Match the expressions on the left column with
the definitions on the right column and then translate
these expressions into Chinese.
1) fun food
D (休闲食品)
2) junk food
A (垃圾食品)
3) preserved food
A. bad commercially prepared food
with little nutritional value and
containing few fresh ingredients
B. food which has been cultivated
naturally, without any chemical
fertilizers or pesticides
C. food which is prepared by the shop
before it is sold, so that it needs
F (腌制食品;加工过的食品)
only heating to be made ready to
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4) organic food
B (有机食品)
5) exotic food
G (异国食品)
6) fast food
E (快餐)
7) convenience food
C (方便食品)
D. food providing pleasure, amusement,
or enjoyment
E. cooked food which can be prepared,
bought and eaten quickly, such as
hamburgers, hot dogs, pizzas, etc.
F. food treated by salting, smoking,
drying, bottling, pickling, sugaring
so that it keeps for a long time
G. food made with foreign materials or
cooked in foreign styles
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ⅳ Special Use: Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs .
In English, adjectives and adverbs are graded on three different
degrees, the Positive Degree, the Comparative Degree and the
Superlative Degree. Choose the word or phrase that best
completes each of the following sentences.
1. Shanghai is __________ from Beijing than Tianjin.
a. far
b. farther
c. further
d. as far as
2. It takes ____________ time to go to the amusement park by
tube than by bus.
a. little
b. least
c. less
d. lest
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. Whose job is_______, a fireman’s or a policeman’s ?
a. more dangerous
b. the more dangerous
c. the most dangerous
d. as dangerous as
4. In fact, the ______ she is, the ________ she feels.
a. more busy...more happy
b. busy...happy
c. busier...happier
d. busiest...happiest
5. Originally it was only a small town, but now it’s become the third
____________ industrial city in the province.
a. larger
b. largest
c. large
d. much larger
6. China is larger than ________ in Europe.
a. any other country
b. some other countries
c. all countries
d. any country
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
7. In learning a foreign language, the ________ practice we have, the
___________ mistakes we are likely to make.
a. more...fewer
b. many...few
c. less...fewer
d. more...less
8. Making new words is not __________ making elements join to form
new sentences.
a. so difficult as
b. as more difficult as
c. as less difficult as
d. as much difficult as
9. Mary has never spent __________ day.
a. the most worried
b. a more worried
c. the most worrying
d. a more worrying
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
10. Shakespeare is ______________ English dramatist we have ever
a. a great
b. a greater
c. the greatest
d. a much greater
11. I like Tom and Mike, but I think Mike is _____________ of the two.
a. nice
b. the nicest
c. the more nice
d. the nicer
12. He thinks Linda is _____________ as Nancy.
a. as an efficient typist
b. as efficient a typist
c. as the most efficient typist
d. as more efficient a typist
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
13. We got there first because we drove _____________ you did.
a. less faster than
b. more faster than
c. a lot of faster than
d. a bit faster than
14. She behaves ______________ of the Whites’ three girls.
a. more politely
b. more polite
c. the most politely
d. the most polite
15. In the country, advertising revenue pays all the direct costs of
television and radio broadcasting and ______________ 60
percent of the cost of newspaper publishing.
a. not as much as
b. the least of
c. more less than
d. no less than
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
V. Translate the following sentences into English, using the
expressions in the parentheses.
1. 该经理助理负责与欧洲总公司的联系与通讯。(be responsible for)
The manager’s assistant is responsible for handling relation
and communication with our European head office.
2. 由于泄密,史密斯先生的商业计划被竞争对手知道了。(as a consequence
Mr. Smith’s business plan became known to his competitors
as a consequence of information leak.
3. 他十分忙碌,平均每天工作达12小时。(on the average)
He is so busy that he works 12 hours a day on the average.
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4. 过去他只会讲粤语,但现在他的客户不再局限于广东人,
他已能用英语和普通话与客户沟通。(used to, no longer)
He used to speak only Cantonese, but now his clients are no
longer limited to Cantonese, and he has been able to
communicate in English and Mandarin with clients.
5. 为了减肥,她只吃蔬菜、水果和低脂肪食物。(lose weight)
She eats only vegetables, fruits and low-fat foods in order to
lose weight.
6. 他对当前经济状况的仔细分析是以事实为根据的。(be
based on)
His close analysis of the current economic situation is
based on facts.
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
7. 广告常常误导人们去购买他们并不需要的商品。(lead...to do)
Advertisements often lead people to buy things they don’t need.
8. 在香港,晚餐通常先喝汤。(begin with)
Supper often begins with soup in Hong Kong.
9. 比起西餐,我更喜欢吃传统的中国菜,因为中国菜富含纤维素、维生素
和矿物质。(prefer...to, rich in)
I prefer traditional Chinese dishes to Western ones, because
Chinese dishes are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals.
10. 我们把这家法国企业看作潜在的合作伙伴。(regard...as)
We regard the French enterprise as a potential partner for
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
VI. Cloze.
That was the 1 medical researchers wanted to answer. The French eat
much more cheese 2 other Europeans but they have the 3 rate of
heart disease. Cheese is bad for the heart because, like butter and cream,
4 has a lot of fat. The results of research are surprising, and good news
for wine lovers
5 . The French are
the biggest wine drinkers in
Europe and drinking wine with food reduces the risk of heart 7 . And if
you’re not a wine lover? 8 problem, a daily aspirin has the same result.
a. problem
a. as
a. lowest
a. which
a. somewhere
a. also
a. ache
a. Not
b. question
b. like
b. lower
b. that
b. each part
b. too
b. hurt
b. Neither
c. quiz
c. than
c. low
c. it
c. every place
c. as well
c. attack
c. None
d. puzzle
d. for
d. much lower
d. what
d. everywhere
d. besides
d. beat
d. No
Exercise VI
Unit 5 Eating Habits
The 9 Greeks were also lucky, it seems. Their diet of olive oil, garlic,
fish, vegetables, and bread 10 very healthy. They ate very little meat, fat,
or sugar. The experts today tell us to eat 11 meat and more vegetables,
fruit, fish, pasta, bread, and potatoes. Chicken is healthier than beef
because it has less 12 . Garlic also has a good effect 13 the heart, as
well as other benefits, which is perhaps 14 the ancient Greeks ate so
much of it. 15 , if you love your heart, add a little more garlic and wine to
your diet !
a. ancient
a. were
a. more
a. meat
a. at
a. how
a. So
b. old
b. was
b. less
b. bone
b. for
b. what
b. However
c. far
c. is
c. as much as
c. vitamin
c. on
c. why d. that
c. Moreover
d. aged
d. are
d. as many as
d. fat
d. into
d. Because
Extended Activities
Unit 5 Eating Habits
A Phonetic Drills
B Function and Structure
C Practical Reading
D Additional Vocabulary
E Business World
F Humor Time
Phonetic Drills
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Centering Diphthongs
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Listen to the passage and find out the words containing the
sounds listed below.
Americans give gifts on many occasions. The most common are
birthdays, weddings and wedding anniversaries, housewarmings (when
someone moves into a new home), graduations, Mother’s Day, Father’s
Day, and Christmas. Weddings and the birth of a first child are often
occasions for giving family heirlooms (pronounced AIR-looms), which
are special family possessions that are passed on from generation to
generation. Heirlooms include silverware, jewelry, or, in Grandpa’s case,
even an old baseball glove !
It is not necessary to send a gift on all occasions. A greeting card
will do. Americans also send sympathy cards to relatives of a person
who has died. Getwell cards are sent to persons who are ill or
recovered from an illness .
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Heirloom, AIR
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
II. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the differences between the
three sounds.
tear (n.)
tear (v.)
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
III. Listen and decide which one of the three words in the group
rhymes (押韵) with the word you hear. Circle the letter beside
your choice.
For example: she and key, late and eight .
a. hear
a. sure
a. hear
a. peace
a. pier
a. share
a. ear
a. fair
b. tour
b. where
b. hair
b. pierce
b. pair
b. sure
b. air
b. fire
c. chair
c. near
c. her
c. purse
c. poor
c. tear
c. tear
c. sure
fear — hear
share — where
fear — hear
fierce — pierce
sure — poor
dear — tear (n.)
year — ear
fire — hire
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
IV. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the tones of the words in bold
type. The falling tone (降调) here is used in tag questions (附加
疑问句) to show confirmation.
↘should you ? ↘ could you ? ↘ would you ?
Example: She couldn’t cook, ↘ could she ?
1. She couldn’t hear, could she ?
2. He wouldn’t share, would he ?
3. You shouldn’t tear, should you ?
4. He wouldn’t look, would he ?
Exercise V
Unit 5 Eating Habits
V. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the “r” in the following
r 发音 ( r-linking)
Here they are.
Here are all the books
There goes the bell.
The beer is here on the table.
I can hear Mr. Lear.
He can hear us too.
It’s there.
There it is.
I’ve looked everywhere.
I’ve looked everywhere in the house.
r 不发音
Function and Structure
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Ordering a Meal
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
I. Practise the following sentences with your partner.
Sentence Patterns I
Finding out what the restaurant has
today (diner)
Recommending what the restaurant
has today (waiter/waitress)
Could we see the menu ?
Please show me the menu.
Waiter, we’d like the menu, please.
Here’s the menu, sir/madam.
What do you have for breakfast ?
What have you got ?
For continental breakfast (欧洲大陆
式早餐), you can have bacon and
egg (火腿蛋), buttered toast (黄油烤
面包), and a glass of fruit juice.
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Sentence Patterns I
Finding out what the restaurant has today
What kind of seafood/desserts do you
have ?
What do you recommend we order for
soup course ?
What’s good today ?
What’s special for tonight ?
What are your specialties ?
Recommending what the restaurant has
today (waiter/waitress)
Shrimp salad is being served today.
I can recommend the chef’’s delight: sourpepper soup Sichuan style (川味酸辣汤).
I think our fish cutlet (鱼排) will be to
your taste.
Perhaps you’d like some scrambled eggs
Please try this crispy fried duck. (香酥鸭)
Roast duck (烤鸭)is always a favorite
with our customers.
Our specialties are fried chicken.
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Sentence Patterns Ⅱ
Ordering a meal
I’ll have/I’ll order/I’ll take/I’ll start with the soup.
I’d like/I’ll try some seafood, please.
Coffee with cream, if it’s not too much trouble.
It sounds good, but I’d prefer some roast potatoes today.
Let us have some chips (薯片) for a change.
Order anything you like, I’m not particular about food.
You order first, Jane.
Anything is all right with me.
I’d better leave the choice to you.
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Sentence Patterns Ⅲ
Asking how the diner would like
Do you like your tea strong or weak ?
How would you like it done/
prepared ?
Would you like it rare, medium, or
well done ?
Would you like it with tomato sauce
You want it now or after dinner ?
Telling the waiter how you’d like
With milk but without sugar, please.
I’d like it well done.
I’d like my egg hard-boiled.
Medium, please.
With tomato ketchup (BrE. ) /catsup
(AmE) (番茄酱), please.
I’d like it served after the main course.
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
II. Make short dialogues after the example.
1 A: Do you want tea, or would you rather have coffee ?
B: Coffee for me, please.
2 A: Would you like a cup of coffee ?
B: I’d love one.
3 A: And what would you like after your soup ?
B: I think I’ll try the chicken, please.
4 A: Would you like more coffee ?
B: No, thank you. But I’d like to see the menu again, please.
5 A: I feel like having a cup of coffee.
B: That’s a good idea. Coffee for me too, please.
6 A: What are your specialties ?
B: Roast duck is today’s special. Would you like to try it ?
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
III Complete the following dialogues.
1. Diner: Waiter, please__________________
show me the menu
Waiter: ________________,
Here’s the menu
Diner: Thank you.
Waiter: May I take your order?
Diner: Yes. ______________
I’d like a cup of fresh orange juice.
Waiter: And what would you like after that ?
I’ll try
Diner: I think ______________
the roast chicken.
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
2. Waiter: Have you decided on what you’d like ?
I’ll have onion soup.
Yes. First ________
Waiter: And then?
the lamb chops.
I’ll order
Waiter: __________________________
How would you like it done
Medium, please.
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. Waiter: Are you ready to order ?
You order first
David: __________________,
Order anything you like I’m not particular about food.
Susan: ___________________.
leave the choice to you .
David: I’d better ___________________
Susan: OK. Then, a glass of mineral water for me.
David: And for me, too.
Let us have
Susan: ______________
some shrimps for a change.
It sounds good
David: ______________,
but I’d prefer some mutton today.
Exercise III
Unit 5 Eating Habits
4 John:
Could we see the menu
please ?
Waitress: Here you are, sir.
for today ?
What’s special
Waitress: Perhaps ___________________
some mushroom soup and fried sole
you’d like
OK. Mushroom soup, please.
Waitress: And what to follow ?
Vegetable salad, if______________________
it’s not too much trouble.
Would you like it with tomato sauce ?
Waitress: Not at all. _______________
Yeah. With tomato ketchup.
Waitress: Anything else, sir ?
No, thank you.
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
IV. Pairwork: Ordering a dinner at a restaurant.
The first round:
Student A plays the role of a diner, while Student B, a
waiter/waitress. Make a dialogue according to the menu
of the restaurant and order the food you are going to
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
What do you order ?
Main course
Tomato soup ★ Leek soup Onion soup
Salmon steak ★Roast beef Fried chicken
Peas ★Potatoes ★ Lettuce
Ice cream ★ Fruit salad
White wine ★ Red wine
Coffee ★ Tea ★ Orange juice
Mineral water
Exercise IV
Unit 5 Eating Habits
The second round:
Students A and B exchange their roles. Student B plays the role of a diner, while
Student A, a waiter/waitress. Do the same task again.
What do you order ?
Main course
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Study the two menus below and then complete each statement with
the best choice.
Hong Kong
Chinese Restaurant
Cantonese Style
1. Crispy Duck
£5. 80
2. Crispy Beef with
Hot Sauce
£4. 80
3. Singapore Rice
£4. 30
4. Roast Duck and
£4. 50
5. Lemon Chicken
with Sauce
£3. 80
6. Roast Pork
Chinese Style
£3. 80
7. Roast Duck
Chow Mein
£4. 50
8. King Prawns
£4. 50
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
9 Hong Kong
Special Soup
10 Sweet Corn with
11 Crab Meat and
Sweet Corn
12 Won Ton Soup
£1. 50
£1. 50
£2. 00
£2. 00
13 Special Fried Rice
14 King Prawn Fried Rice
15 Chicken Fried Rice
16 Fried Rice with Egg
17 Plain Boiled Rice
£2. 90
£3. 20
£2. 80
£1. 60
£1. 50
Sweet & Sour
18 Sweet & Sour Chicken £2. 90
19 Sweet & Sour Prawns £3. 90
20 Sweet & Sour Pork
£2. 90
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1246 W Davenport
Dinners 5:30—10:30 Tuesday—Saturday
347-2981 for reservations
Homemade, piping hot & delicious
Thick Vegetable Soup
French Onion Soup
Cup... $1. 50 Bowl
$2. 00
Tasty morsels before your meal
Shrimp cocktail
$3. 50
Stuffed mushrooms
$3. 00
Chicken livers in bacon
$3. 50
Fruit Salad
$4. 25
Choice of apples, pineapples, bananas, oranges, etc.
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Chef’s Salad
$3. 95
Tossed green salad with slices of Cheddar and Swiss cheese,
thinly sliced turkey and ham
We are proud of our fine selection of distinctive domestic
and imported wines. Please consult our wine list.
Served with salad, vegetable du jour, Idaho potato and a
variety of breads from our kitchen
Fish of the Day
$5. 95
As you like it, grilled, fried, or poached sauce
Prawns Orientale
$10. 50
Prawns simmered gently in a tasty ginger sauce Served with
Lamb Fillet
$11. 50
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Wrapped in pastry glazed with fresh mint sauce
Coffee Beef
$12. 50
Topped with delicious sauce
Farm Fresh Duckling
$11. 50
Served with sour cherry sauce
Prime Rib
$9. 50
Our famous prime rib, tender and juicy
Lemon cheesecake
$1. 75
Buttermilk chocolate cake
$1. 50
Three or four special desserts daily
Ask your waiter about today’s delights.
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
1. If you want your friends to try Chow Mein, you should take
them to ___________ .
a. a Chinese restaurant
b. Newbery’s
c. a French restaurant
d. Hong Kong
2. Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant provides customers with
a. Thick Vegetable Soup & French Onion Soup
b. Hong Kong Special Soup & Sweet Corn with Chicken
c. Crab Meat and Sweet Corn & Won Ton Soup
d. Both b and c.
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
3. If you buy double Sweet & Sour Chicken, you will have to pay
a. £2. 90
b. £3. 90
c. £5. 80
d. £7. 80
4. The cheapest kind of rice in Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant is
a. Chicken Fried Rice
b. King Prawn Fried Rice
c. Fried Rice with Egg
d. Plain Boiled Rice
5. Newbery’s business hours are ______________.
a. from 5:30 to 10:30 p. m. Tuesday through Saturday
b. from 8:30 a. m. to 5:30 p. m. Tuesday through Saturday
c. from 12:30 p. m. to 5:30 a. m. Friday through Sunday
d. from 5:30 to 10:30 p. m. Monday through Sunday
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
6. You can eat Hors D’oeuvres ______________.
a. before the main course of the dinner
b. after your meal
c. during your meal
d. by calling 347-2981 for reservations
7. You can find out about wines they serve by ____________.
a. asking your waiter
b. reading the menu yourself
c. reading the wine list
d. consulting the cook
Practical Reading: Menu
Unit 5 Eating Habits
8. __________ comes with rice instead of potatoes .
a. Fish of the day
b. Lamb fillet
c. Prawns orientale
d. Prime rib
9. The main course in Newbery’s includes all of the following dishes
EXCEPT __________.
a. lamb & duckling
b. fish & beef
c. shrimp & steak
d. rib & prawns
10. If you want to know whether Newbery’s offers apple pie, you should
a. ask your waiter
b. ask the manager
c. read the dessert list
d. ask other customers around you
Additional Vocabulary
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
I. Match the adjectives used to describe food with their Chinese
1. delicious
1. 香的
2. tasteless
2. 软的
3. greasy
3. 硬的
4. rich
4. 太老的
5. light
5. 重油的
6. stale
6. 清淡的
7. juicy
7. 嫩的
8. watery
8. 甜的
9. tender
9. 酸的
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
10. overdone
10. 太咸的
11. fresh
11. 苦的
12. spicy
12. 辣的
13. medium
13. 有香味的
14. savoury
14. 生的
15. raw
15. 煮得透的
16. appetizing
16. 煮得嫩的
17. underdone
17. 煮得太烂的
18. hot
18. 无味的
19. bitter
19. 美味的
Exercise I
Unit 5 Eating Habits
20. salty
20. 开胃的
21. well-done
21. 淡而无味的
22. fragrant
22. 半熟的
23. soft
23. 不新鲜的
24. nutritious
24. 乏味的
25. hard
25. 多汁的
26. rare
26. 有营养的
27. tough
27. 三分熟的
28. sweet
28. 咸的
29. sour
29. 油腻的
30. tasteless
30. 新鲜的
Exercise II
Unit 5 Eating Habits
II. Match the verbs used to describe ways of cooking with their
Chinese equivalents.
1. roast
1. 油煎
2. bake
2. 油炸
3. fry
3. 烤
4. barbecue
4. 炖
5. stir-fry
5. 煮
6. grill
6. 烤炙
7. fire
7. 烧烤
8. scramble
8. 炒
Exercise II
9. deep fry
Unit 5 Eating Habits
9. 烘制
10. stew
10. 炙(肉等)
11. broil
11. (用文火)炖(肉等)
12. steam
12. 蒸
13. boil
13. 烘(面包等)
14. toast
14. 烘;烤;焙(面包等)
15. braise
15. 炒(蛋)
Business World
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Business Meals
Business is sometimes conducted over a meal. This is done to save time (you
have to eat, and you have to do business). A full western meal may consist of
several courses: the first course (or starter), which can be soup, appetizer(冷盆) or
salad; the main course, with meat or fish, served with vegetables; and the sweet
course (or dessert) with puddings, pies, ice cream, etc. The meal may be preceded
by drinks, followed by after-dinner drinks, and accompanied by wine.
Eating in the restaurant, customers may choose from table d’hôte (套餐) or a
la carte(点菜) menu. Table d’hôte menu has a restricted number of dishes at a single
price for the whole meal, while a la carte menu has many different dishes at different
prices, from which a guest can choose what to eat.
A hosted business meal is often served buffet-style(自助餐方式). People line
up and serve themselves from a central table, and random seating is more common
than assigned seating.
Humor Time
Unit 5 Eating Habits
Two men, John and Jim, while travelling through the country in America,
stopped at a small inn for dinner. On the table there was a large cup of mustard
(芥末). Thinking the contents were a sweet of some kind, Jim took a spoonful of
it and put it in his mouth. Tears ran down his cheeks, but wishing to have his
friend John caught in the same trap, he said nothing of the mistake he had
made. The other man, seeing that his friend was crying, said:
“Listen, Jim, what are you crying about ?”
“I was thinking of my father who was hanged twenty years ago,” Jim
replied. Soon after, John took a spoonful of the mustard, and as the tears
started down his cheeks, Jim in his turn said:
“What are you crying about ?”
“To think you were not hanged the same day your father was,” came the
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