UNIT Teaching Aim Reading I Reading II Extended Activities Teaching Aim Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. Cognitive Information (认知信息): American and British Eating Habits; Food and Nutrition 2. Language Focus (内容重点) — Key Words: I. selection, available, nutrition, purchase, quantity, skip, consequence, consume, compile, awareness, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, cereal; II emphasis, trend, survive, boil, fry, scramble, roast, mash, bake, steam, serve, decorate, resort, exotic, ethnic — Phrases: I．be responsible for, eat out, on the average, be a threat to, in a / the (adj. ) mood for, rich in, a variety of; II. associate with, begin with, in general, regard as — Word Study: taste, rush, contain, lose, choose Teaching Aim Unit 5 Eating Habits — Useful Structures: used to ... no longer... while...,...(clause for contrast) with... (absolute structure) — Grammar: Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs 3. Communicative Skills (交际技能) — Expressions: Ordering a Meal — Reading: Menus 4. Phonetic Review(语音复习): Centering Diphthongs Reading I UNIT • Pre-reading • Text • Background Information • New Words and Expressions • Exercises • Post-reading Unit 5 Eating Habits Pre-reading Unit 5 Eating Habits • Pre-reading I • Pre-reading II Pre-reading I Unit 5 Eating Habits I. Brainstorming: Discuss with your partner about what you eat. Meat & Seafood Vegetable Fruit pork, lamb羔羊肉 , beef, chicken, ham火腿, turkey, fish, shrimp虾, oyster牡蛎, bacon咸肉, steak 牛排, rib排骨, crab螃蟹, prawn 对虾, squid鱿鱼, Lobster龙虾, cod 鳕鱼, mussel淡 菜,salmon鲑鱼, eel鳗鱼 green pepper青 椒, onion洋葱, leek, tomato, celery芹菜, garlic大蒜, cucumber黄瓜, cabbage, lettuce 生菜, carrot胡萝 卜, eggplant, mushroom, turnip萝卜, Pea豌豆, potato, spinach 菠菜 apple, banana, peach桃子, orange, grape, strawberry, pineapple, lemon, plum李子, watermelon, apricot杏子, cherry, coconut, pear Dessert & Refreshment pudding, sandwich, cake, pasta意大利面 食, hotdog, cookie饼 干, toast烤面包, bun 小圆面包, dumpling, tart果馅饼, biscuit, jelly果冻, pie馅饼, ice-cream, pancake 薄烤饼, pastry油酥 点心, hamburger Pre-reading II Unit 5 Eating Habits Ⅱ. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner. 1. What kinds of food do you like best? 2. What do you think are good/bad eating habits? How about your own eating habits? 3. How do you like the idea of being a vegetarian (素食者)? 4. Are the Chinese lifestyles changing? If any, in what way? 5. How do you think a person’s lifestyle affects his or her eating habits? Text Unit 5 Eating Habits Changing Life-style and New Eating Habits 1. Americans today have different eating habits than in the past. There is a wide selection of food available. They have a broader knowledge of nutrition so they buy more fresh fruit and vegetables than ever before. At the same time, Americans purchase increasing quantities of 大 量的sweets, snacks小吃, and sodas. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 2. Statistics show that the way people live determines the way they eat. American life-styles have changed. They now include growing numbers of people who live alone, single parents and children, and double-income families. These changing life-styles are responsible for the increasing number of people who must rush meals or sometimes skip（miss) them altogether. Americans have less time than ever before to spend preparing food . Partly as a consequence of 由于什么样的结果this limited time, 60 percent of all American homes now have microwave ovens. Moreover, Americans eat out nearly four times a week on the average. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. It is easy to study the amounts and kinds of food that people consume. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the food industry— growers种植者, processors 处 理 器 , marketers 市 场 营 销 者 , and restaurateurs— compile sales statistics销售统计 and keep accurate records准确记录. This information not only tells us what people are eating but also tells us about the changes in attitudes and tastes. Red meat, which used to be the most popular choice for dinner, is no longer an American favorite. Instead, chicken, turkey, and fish have become more popular. Sales of these foods have greatly increased in recent years. This is probably a result of the awareness意识到 of the dangers of eating food which contains high levels of cholesterol胆固醇, or animal fat动 物油. Doctors believe that cholesterol is a threat 威胁to human health. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 4. According to a recent survey, Americans also change their eating patterns to meet the needs of different situations. They have certain ideas about which foods will increase their athletic ability运动能力, help them lose weight, make them alert警觉 for business meetings, or put them in the mood for romance. For example, Americans choose pasta, fruit意大利面食, and vegetables, which supply them with carbohydrates 碳 水 化 合 物 , to give them strength for physical activity, such as sports. Adults choose food rich in fiber, such as bread and cereal, for breakfast, and salads for lunch to prepare them for business appointments. For romantic dinners, however, Americans choose shrimp and lobster. While many of these ideas are based on nutritional facts, some are not. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 5. American’s awareness of nutrition, along with their changing tastes and needs, leads them to consume a wide variety of foods— foods for health, for fun, and simply for good taste. Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. American eating habits For the most part, Americans want their food to be quick, convenient, and cheap — regardless of whether they buy it at a supermarket or a local fast-food franchise. For lunch, sandwiches are the commonest food. Salads are also popular. For supper, the most popular has got to be steak and baked potato. Chicken and pizza are also popular. Americans like things that are fast and easy, requiring minimal personal or economic sacrifice. Americans also value “looking good” and choose foods that “look good. ” Some are even willing to spend a lot of money for food that makes them “look good” — as when they eat in expensive restaurants. The characteristics of America’s dominant food culture are cost, convenience, and appearance. However, a new American food ethic is emerging to challenge these dominant values. The rapid growth in demand for “alternative food products” — including organic, natural, pesticide free, hormone and antibiotic free, grassfed, etc. — is one indicator of the new food ethic, which reflects a desire to care for the earth and its people. Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits 2. Diet 饮食 Americans have a love-hate relationship with dieting and exercise. They purchase millions of diet books and invest in gym memberships and exercise equipment but the number of calories they consume continues to rise. The majority of US adults and 15% of US children are overweight or obese肥胖. Despite a strong interest in healthy eating, Americans continue to consume snacks快餐，小吃 and sweets at alarming令人担忧 的 rates. Americans are also unwilling to forego（give up) convenience or taste for health benefits. More and more Americans are relying on fast food, shelf stable meals, and prepared foods, rather than cooking from scratch 凑 合 . Consumers’ food attitudes are also changing, reflected in the growing popularity of low carbohydrate products, functional foods and vegetarian and organic foods.有机食物 Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. British eating habits The British people tend to have a big breakfast before they go to work and the meal at midday is not spent with the members of the family but with workmates or schoolmates. Lunch is normally eaten between 12. 30 p. m. and 1. 30 p. m. Most people finish work at five thirty. It often takes at least an hour to get home from the school or workplace, so people tend to eat their evening meal or “dinner” between 6. 30 p. m. and 8 p. m. On Sundays people don’t have to work, so they usually get up very late and have a meal called brunch早午餐, which means a combination of breakfast and lunch. Sunday lunch is usually the best meal of the week and many of the typically特色 British food are eaten for Sunday lunch. For example roast beef and Yorkshire pudding. Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits Breakfast Generally speaking, the British breakfast is much bigger than in most other countries. Many people like to have a fried breakfast, which consists of fried bacon咸肉 and eggs with fried bread and possibly fried tomatoes or black pudding. Of course not everybody wants to eat a lot early in the morning and many people prefer to just eat toast and marmalade with tea or coffee. Cereals谷类 are also very popular. The most common is cornflakes玉米片. They are made with different grains谷粒 such as corn, wheat, oats燕 麦, etc. In Scotland many people eat “porridge燕麦粥” or boiled oats. Porridge is very heavy but in winter it will keep you warm on your way to school. Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits Packed lunch If you go to Britain to study English and you stay with a family you will almost certainly be given a “packed lunch” to eat for your midday meal. Some factories and schools have canteens where you can eat but the packed lunch is the most common thing to eat. A packed lunch normally consists of some sandwiches, a packet of crisps薯片, an apple and a can of something to drink, for example, coca-cola. The contents are kept in a plastic container and you take it with you when you go to school or work. Background Information Unit 5 Eating Habits Dinner Things are changing and most British people eat meals from many different countries, for example, spaghetti (意大利式细面条) or curry (咖喱食品). In fact, you could even say that the British don’t eat much British food. However, the most typical thing to eat for dinner is “meat and two veg”. This consists of a piece of meat accompanied by two different boiled vegetables. This is covered with “gravy” 肉汁which is a sauce调味汁 made with the juice that was obtained when the meat was cooked. One of the vegetables is almost always potato. The British eat a lot of potatoes. New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits • New words and Expressions • Notes • Language and Culture Focus New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. selection n. the act of choosing the most suitable from a group 挑选 2. available a. (something) that can be obtained 可得到的 3. nutrition n. food needed for life 营养 [nutritious a. 有营养的] 4. snack n. refreshment 小吃：点心 5. soda n. a chemical substance in common use; a compound of sodium 苏打；碳酸饮料 6. statistics n. (pl. ) collection of information shown in numbers 统计数据 7. rush v. to act hastily 仓促行事 8. skip v. to pass over or leave out 略过 New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits 9. consequence 10. microwave n. n. 11. oven n. 12. average n. 13. consume 14. processor v. n. 15. marketer n. a result or an effect of something else 结果 a very short electromagnetic wave used in radio and radar, also in cooking 微波 an enclosed boxlike space in which things are cooked or heated 烤炉 the result got by adding two or more amounts together and dividing the total by the number of amounts 平均数 to use or eat 消费 a person whose business is to prepare food for sale (食品)加工商 a businessman or a firm that sells goods in a market 商人或商号 New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits 16. restaurateur n. a manager or owner of a restaurant 餐馆经理 或老板 17. compile v. to collect information and arrange it in writing 收集，汇编 18. turkey n. a large bird reared to be eaten 火鸡 19. awareness n. knowledge or realization 知道 20. cholesterol n. fatty substance found in animal fluids and tissue 胆固醇 21. fat n. white or yellow greasy substance found in animal bodies under the skin 脂肪 22. athletic a. physically strong and active 强壮灵敏的 23. alert a. attentive and quick to think or act 机警的 New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits 24. romance n. a love affair 浪漫艳事 25. pasta n. food made from flour, eggs and water and cut into various shapes 意大利面制品 26. carbohydrate n. any of various types of organic compound, such as sugar and starch, containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen 碳水化合物 27. fiber n. any of the thin threads of which many animal and plant tissues are formed 纤维 28. cereal n. grain produced by various types of grass 谷类 29. shrimp n. small shellfish 小虾 30. lobster n. large bluish-black shellfish with eight legs and two long claws 龙虾 New Words and Expressions Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. be responsible for to be the cause of (something) 成为……的原因 2. on (the) average calculated as an average 平均 3. be a threat to to be a warning of danger to (somebody) 对……具有威胁 4. in a … /the mood in a certain state of mind 处于某种 心态 Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. single parent: a parent bringing up a child/children on his/her own. 2. rush meals or sometimes skip them altogether: to finish meals fast and hastily, and sometimes even fail to have a meal. 3. red meat: pork and beef are often referred to as red meat; chicken and fish are considered as white meat. 4. eating patterns: recognizable ways of eating. 5. pasta: Italian noodles, such as macaroni (通心粉), spaghetti (细面条), and ravioli (方形饺). Exercises Unit 5 Eating Habits • Exercise I • Exercise II • Exercise III • Exercise IV • Exercise V • Exercise VI Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits I Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions. 1. Why do Americans have different eating habits today? 2. How have American life-styles changed? Give some examples. 3. How do these changing life-styles affect the way they eat? 4. Why are microwave ovens so popular in American families? 5. How often do Americans dine out per week? Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits 6. Why do Americans find it not difficult to get information about their food ? 7. Who provides American consumers with food information ? 8. Who are engaged in the food industry ? 9. What accounts for red meats being in disfavor today ? 10. What is the danger of cholesterol ? And how does it change people’s eating habits ? 11. What does a recent survey reveal ? 12. What leads Americans to consume a wide variety of foods ? Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits II. Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. ( b ) 1. The main idea of the text is _____________ . a. Americans now consume a wider variety of foods b. Americans’ eating habits have changed because of changing life-styles c. Americans have a greater awareness of nutrition now than they did years ago d. Americans have less time than before to prepare meals ( c ) 2. In paragraph 2, “a double-income family” means ____________ a. a family that makes twice as much money as another family b. a family where a parent has two jobs c. a family where both parents have jobs d. a family that spends twice as much as it earns . Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits ( d ) 3. According to a recent survey, ______________. a. Americans prefer foods rich in vitamins b. Americans prefer foods rich in fiber c. Americans eat different foods to be healthy d. Americans eat different foods for different purposes ( b ) 4. Americans prefer ________________ for romantic dinners. a. bread and cereal b. lobster and shrimp c. salad and dessert d. fruit and vegetable Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits ( d ) 5. According to the text , we can conclude that_______________ is true. a. Americans do not eat many sweets nowadays b. Americans are very particular about what they eat c. Americans eat the same way they did in the past d. Americans eat out more frequently now than before Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits III Give the English words or phrases according to the meanings provided. 1. consequence __________ a thing that is a result of something else statistic 2.___________the collection numbers of information shown in 3. restaurateur __________ an owner of a restaurant 4. processor __________ a person whose business is to prepare food for sale marketer 5. __________ a businessman or a firm that sells something in a market Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits athletic 6. __________ physically身体上 strong and active nutrition 7. __________ the process of giving or getting food single-parent a parent bringing up children on his/her own 8. __________ awareness 9. __________ knowledge or realization compile 10. __________ to collect information and arrange it in writing Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits IV Put the following words or expressions from the text in the blanks to complete the sentences. Make changes where necessary. alert in the mood consume variety skip favorite awareness survey compile eat out variety of food in their diet. For example, for breakfast they like 1. Children like to eat a _______ to choose among cereal, pancakes, doughnuts(炸甜圈) or eggs and toast. skip to the next part and go 2. If you do not understand one part of the test, you can _______ back to the difficult part later. 3. I don’t want to talk about it now. I’m not ____________for in the mood a joke. 4. Dean and Jenny are going to _________a compile list of all the places they want to visit on their next trip across the country. 5. I like all kinds of cakes, cookies, and ice cream, but my _________ favorite dessert is chocolate ice cream. Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits survey of 6. The college cafeteria(食堂) manager is going to conduct a ________ the students to help her decide which foods students prefer. 7. Small children have very little awareness _________ of the dangers of running into the street. out regularly, you definitely should take an active interest in 8. If you eat _______ eating better restaurant food. alert 9. Many students drink large quantities of coffee to keep them _______ while they are studying for an important exam. 10. There is a growing gap between what the country produces and what it consumes . _________ Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits V. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined words with appropriate words or phrases from the text. 1. The employees are encouraged to buy shares of their own company. purchase ________________________________________________ 2. He inherited something from his father, but he soon used up his fortune. consumed ________________________________________________ 3. She does exercise every day so she looks very strong and healthy . athletic ________________________________________________ Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits 4. Although he is over eighty his mind is still remarkably quick. ________________________________________________ alert 5. Generally I work ten hours a day. On the average ________________________________________________ 6. Smoking is the cause of many cases of lung cancer. responsible for __________________________________________________________ Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits VI. Word study: For each of the following clues, use the given prompts to produce sentences in the same way as shown in the model. 1. Promp: this/type/event/not/everyone/taste (n. ) Model : This type of event isn’t to everyone’s taste. a. she/decide/become/actress/get/first/taste (n. )/fame/local theatre b. I/order/chocolate/ice cream/this/taste (v. )/coffee c. I/successful/I/ability/make/things/taste (v. )/look/good Key: a. She decided to become an actress after getting her first taste of fame in a local theatre. b. I ordered chocolate ice cream, but this tastes of coffee. c. I am successful because I have the ability to make things taste and look good. Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits 2. Prompt: you/rush (v. )/meals/you/indigestion Model: If you rush your meals, you’ll get indigestion. a. I/forgot/wallet/usual/Monday/morning/rush (n. ) b. Joan/train/schedule/leave/6 p. m. /5:50/she/have to/rush (v. )/ not/miss/train c. Dan/rush (v. )/ hospital/serious/head/injury/traffic/accident Key: a. I have forgotten my wallet in the usual Monday morning rush. b. Joan’s train was scheduled to leave at 6 p. m., but it was 5∶50, so she had to rush in order not to miss her train. c. Dan was rushed to hospital with serious head injuries after a traffic accident. Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. Prompt: important/eat/meat/eggs/they/contain/protein/vitamins Model: It is important to eat meat or eggs, as they contain protein and vitamins. a. list/addresses/suppliers/should/contain b. film/ban/ contain c. sink/waste/contain (v. )/all/computer /manual (v. )/number/extreme/violent/scene (n. )/pose/serious/threat/time/they/begin/leak Key: a. A list of addresses of suppliers should be contained in all computer manuals. b. The film was banned because it contained a number of extremely violent scenes. c. Sunken waste containers could pose a serious threat over time as they begin to leak. Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits 4. Prompt: you/lose/credit/card/phone/number/immediate Model: If you lose your credit card, phone this number immediately. a. better/lose (v. )/face/open/not/understand/message/than/lose (v. )/sleep/night/it b. company/report/lose (n. )/82 million/ third quarter c. we/at/lose (n. )/as to/he/come/empty/house Key: a. Better to lose face and be open about not understanding the message, than to lose sleep at night over it. b. The company reported losses of 82 million for the third quarter. c. We are at a loss as to how he came into the empty house. Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits 5. Prompt: you/would/many/choose/you/want/make/use/material Model: You would have many to choose from if you wanted to make use of these materials. a. people/interest/temporary/working/more/like/choose (v. )/agency workers(代理人员)/direct/employee b. she/want/men/believe/choose (a. )/clothes c. you/have to/do/choose (v. )/date/want/go/holiday/decide/destination d. difficult/choose (n. )/we/final/decide/Hannah/have/prize Key: a. People interested in temporary working are more likely to choose to be agency workers(代理人员) rather than direct employees. b. She wanted men to believe that she was choosy about clothes. c. All you have to do is to choose the date you want to go on holiday and decide on the destination. d. It was a difficult choice, but we finally decided that Hannah should have the prize. Post-reading Unit 5 Eating Habits Role Play: What Shall We Eat Today ? • Task 1: Work in groups • Task 2:Work in class Task 1: Work in groups. Unit 5 Eating Habits A guest will come to spend the weekend with you. Work in groups of four to plan meals for the whole day (breakfast, lunch, tea, and dinner) for your guest. The dishes should be “special” but the materials you select ought to be available from the nearby supermarket. And then write out the menu with the names of dishes and the materials you use. Task 2: Work in class. Unit 5 Eating Habits Each group selects a spokesman/woman to present their menu to the class. Then the whole class discuss these menus and select the best menu of the class. Our Menu Meals Breakfast: Lunch: Tea: Dinner: Dishes Materials Reading II UNIT • Dictation • Text • Exercises Unit 5 Eating Habits Dictation Unit 5 Eating Habits Dictation________________________________________________ Buffets are a very popular way of entertaining, especially for large groups. They may be ______________________________________________________________ served as a luncheon, dinner, or supper. They may be ______________________________________________________________ formal or informal. Food may be served cold or warm. ______________________________________________________________ At a buffet many people can be served in a short time. ______________________________________________________________ The food is attractively arranged on a long table. Guests ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ take their plates and choose their food from a variety of ______________________________________________________________ dishes. Usually they sit at tables. But at informal ______________________________________________________________ buffets, people eat standing up. If they do this, they have ______________________________________________________________ to eat most foods with a fork or with their fingers. Text • Text • Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits Text Unit 5 Eating Habits British Food 1 Traditional British food, with its emphasis on puddings, pies, cakes, meat dishes and fried food, no longer forms a main part of most people’s diet because of the trend towards lighter, more easily prepared food. Traditional methods of preserving meat and fish, such as salting and smoking, are no longer necessary and food such as kippers (smoked herrings), salt pork and beef, and bacon are eaten less frequently than before. Nevertheless, many traditional dishes survive, especially those associated with special occasions. Text 2 Unit 5 Eating Habits Eggs are eaten boiled, fried, or scrambled, with boiled eggs usually preferred soft, and traditionally cooked for three minutes. 3 Potatoes are one of the most common vegetables, served either as chips, roasted or mashed potatoes, or baked in their skins (jacket potatoes). Text 4 Unit 5 Eating Habits Breakfast often begins with fruit juice, followed by cereal to which milk and sugar are added. Some people, especially in Scotland, still prefer porridge to cereal, and eat it with milk and sugar or salt. A traditional English breakfast also includes a cooked dish such as bacon and eggs, but few people eat this nowadays, preferring a lighter “continental” breakfast. Toast and marmalade, and tea or coffee, complete the meal. Text 5 Unit 5 Eating Habits Puddings of all kinds are typically British, and the word itself can describe both savoury and sweet dishes, or mean simply “dessert” in general. Among the best-known sweet dishes are rice pudding, bread-and-butter pudding, steamed pudding, and Christmas pudding. Plum pudding (which does not contain plums) is another name for Christmas pudding. Other familiar desserts are fruit-based ones such as apple pie or gooseberry fool. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 6 There are many varieties of bread and cake. Bread is white or brown. There are different kinds of loaf, including the specially shaped cottage loaf and cob loaf. For a “continental” breakfast, many people now prefer French-type rolls such as croissants. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 7 Some foods are traditionally prepared for a particular festival or celebration. Christmas pudding is eaten at Christmas, pancakes are often served (as a sweet course, with lemon and sugar) on Shrove Tuesday, and hot cross buns are eaten on Good Friday. Special big cakes are prepared for weddings and birthdays. Wedding cakes are usually elaborately iced and decorated, with two or more tiers; birthday cakes are also normally iced, with the person’s age shown by the number of small candles stuck in the icing. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 8 The British enjoy eating sweets, especially chocolate, and the many popular types of confectionery include toffee, mints and boiled sweets. Sticks of rock are traditionally popular in holiday resorts, as are ice cream, candy floss and other “fun foods”. Text Unit 5 Eating Habits 9 In recent years there has been an increase in the consumption of “convenience” and unhealthy “junk” foods, but also a growing interest in healthy, natural or “organic” foods. At the same time, the British diet now includes many dishes that would formerly have been regarded as exotic or unusual. Among the most popular are Chinese, Indian and Italian, which have largely been popularized by ethnic restaurants. Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. preserve: to treat food by salting or cooking it in sugar, so that it won’t go bad easily. 2. kippers: smoked herring, which may be served for breakfast. (熏鲱鱼) 3. (be) associated with: (be) connected with. 4. scramble: to mix the whites and yolks of (eggs) together while cooking them in a saucepan with milk and butter. 5. chips: (British English) small stick-shaped pieces of potato, fried in oil and fat. Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits 6. mashed potatoes: potatoes which have been peeled, boiled and then crushed with butter and milk until they form a soft cream. (奶油土豆泥) 7. in their skins: with their skins on. 8. begin with: to start something as the first part. 9. continental: of the mainland of Europe. 10. gooseberry fool: dessert made from crushed gooseberries and cream. (奶油醋粟泥) 11. in general: usually, in most cases, generally speaking. 12. Christmas pudding: heavy sweet pudding containing a lot of dried fruit and often covered with burning alcohol (brandy), served hot at the end of dinner on Christmas Day (圣诞布丁). Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits 13. cob loaf: round loaf of bread. (圆面包) 14. croissants: 羊角面包. 15. pancake: thin soft flat cake made of flour, milk and eggs. (薄烤饼) 16. Shrove Tuesday: the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, or called Pancake Day. [(基督教)忏悔星期二(大斋首日的前一天)] 17. hot cross buns: spiced bun, with a cross of sugar on top of it, eaten at Easter time, and especially on Good Friday. (十字小圆 面包). Notes Unit 5 Eating Habits 18. Good Friday: the Friday before Easter Sunday observed by Christians to remember the crucifixion of Jesus Christ (基督教的受难节，即复活节 前的星期五) 19. tiers: rows or parts of structure placed one above another. (层) 20. icing: covering of sugar and flavouring spread over a cake or biscuits. (糖衣) Ice v. to put icing on (cakes, etc. ). 21. confectionery: sweets, chocolates, cakes, etc. [(总称)甜食] 22. toffee: hard sticky sweet made by heating sugar, butter, etc. (太妃糖) 23. sticks of rocks: a type of hard sugar sweet. (硬棒糖) 24. candy floss: melted sugar spun to make a fluffy pink mass. 25. ethnic: (typical) of a national, racial or tribal group that has a common cultural tradition. (民族的；种族的) Exercises Unit 5 Eating Habits • Exercise I • Exercise II • Exercise III • Exercise IV • Exercise V • Exercise VI Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits I. Comprehension: True/False/Not Mentioned. ( T ) 1. Because people tend to eat lighter, more easily prepared food, traditional British food doesn’t form a main part of most people’s diet. ( F ) 2. Nevertheless, a few traditional dishes have been passed down, particularly those connected with special occasions. ( F ) 3. There are many ways to cook eggs, but no matter how you cook them, they should be cooked for three minutes only. ( F ) 4. In Scotland, some people prefer cereal to porridge and eat it with milk and sugar. ( F ) 5. The best-known savoury dishes are rice pudding, steamed pudding, Christmas pudding, etc. Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits ( F ) 6. Christmas pudding can also be called plum pudding which contains plums. ( NM) 7. French-type rolls such as croissants are more delicious than British bread. ( T ) 8. Some foods are prepared for a particular festival or celebration, such as pancakes and hot cross buns. ( T ) 9. The English people love to eat sweets, especially chocolate. ( F ) 10. The British diet now excludes a number of dishes that have been regarded as exotic or unusual. Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits Ⅱ. Discussion Questions. 1. When do people in our country usually eat the biggest meal of the day ? Do you think it’s the best time to eat it ? 2. Which unhealthy foods do you enjoy eating ? And what are the consequences ? 3. What do you know about the Western food culture and the Chinese food culture? And what are the major differences ? Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits Ⅲ Vocabulary: Guess the meaning of the underlined words and expressions from the text. ( ) 1. In the modern society there is a growing trend towards smaller families. a. problem to deal with b. difficult situation c. general tendency or direction d. environment ( ) 2.The marketing manager laid emphasis at the meeting on the importance of sales promotion by means of media. ( a. stress b. significance c. necessity d. benefit ) 3. Various lighter foods are popular among the old people in Britain. a. easily digestible b. healthy c. nutritious d. delicious Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits ( ) 4. With people’s growing awareness of nutrition, they begin to pay much attention to a balanced diet . a. foods of good taste b. different kinds of foods regularly provided c. healthy dishes d. a low-fiber food ( ( ) 5. You must learn to make difficult decisions if you are to survive in business . a. continue to exist b. make a great success c. achieve fame d. become a millionaire ) 6. The taxpayers associated him with all the monkey business going on in the city government. a. blamed...for b. accused...of c. looked down on...for d. connected...with Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits ( ) 7. There was no news; nevertheless we went on hoping. a. for ( ( c. however d. in case ) 8. Don’t bother the manager about business when he and his wife are enjoying themselves in the holiday resort. a. seaside area b. holiday inn c. mountain region d. popular places for holiday ) 9. Judge your success by the degree that your life includes peace, health and love. a. concludes ( b. therefore b. contains c. sums up d. excludes ) 10. It really hurt when the nurse stuck the needle into my arm. a. fixed b. felt c. took d. pushed Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits Ⅲ. Vocabulary: Match the expressions on the left column with the definitions on the right column and then translate these expressions into Chinese. 1) fun food D (休闲食品) 2) junk food A (垃圾食品) 3) preserved food A. bad commercially prepared food with little nutritional value and containing few fresh ingredients B. food which has been cultivated naturally, without any chemical fertilizers or pesticides C. food which is prepared by the shop before it is sold, so that it needs F (腌制食品;加工过的食品) only heating to be made ready to eat Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits 4) organic food B (有机食品) 5) exotic food G (异国食品) 6) fast food E (快餐) 7) convenience food C (方便食品) D. food providing pleasure, amusement, or enjoyment E. cooked food which can be prepared, bought and eaten quickly, such as hamburgers, hot dogs, pizzas, etc. F. food treated by salting, smoking, drying, bottling, pickling, sugaring so that it keeps for a long time G. food made with foreign materials or cooked in foreign styles Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits Ⅳ Special Use: Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs . In English, adjectives and adverbs are graded on three different degrees, the Positive Degree, the Comparative Degree and the Superlative Degree. Choose the word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1. Shanghai is __________ from Beijing than Tianjin. a. far b. farther c. further d. as far as 2. It takes ____________ time to go to the amusement park by tube than by bus. a. little b. least c. less d. lest Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. Whose job is_______, a fireman’s or a policeman’s ? a. more dangerous b. the more dangerous c. the most dangerous d. as dangerous as 4. In fact, the ______ she is, the ________ she feels. a. more busy...more happy b. busy...happy c. busier...happier d. busiest...happiest 5. Originally it was only a small town, but now it’s become the third ____________ industrial city in the province. a. larger b. largest c. large d. much larger 6. China is larger than ________ in Europe. a. any other country b. some other countries c. all countries d. any country Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits 7. In learning a foreign language, the ________ practice we have, the ___________ mistakes we are likely to make. a. more...fewer b. many...few c. less...fewer d. more...less 8. Making new words is not __________ making elements join to form new sentences. a. so difficult as b. as more difficult as c. as less difficult as d. as much difficult as 9. Mary has never spent __________ day. a. the most worried b. a more worried c. the most worrying d. a more worrying Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits 10. Shakespeare is ______________ English dramatist we have ever known. a. a great b. a greater c. the greatest d. a much greater 11. I like Tom and Mike, but I think Mike is _____________ of the two. a. nice b. the nicest c. the more nice d. the nicer 12. He thinks Linda is _____________ as Nancy. a. as an efficient typist b. as efficient a typist c. as the most efficient typist d. as more efficient a typist Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits 13. We got there first because we drove _____________ you did. a. less faster than b. more faster than c. a lot of faster than d. a bit faster than 14. She behaves ______________ of the Whites’ three girls. a. more politely b. more polite c. the most politely d. the most polite 15. In the country, advertising revenue pays all the direct costs of television and radio broadcasting and ______________ 60 percent of the cost of newspaper publishing. a. not as much as b. the least of c. more less than d. no less than Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits V. Translate the following sentences into English, using the expressions in the parentheses. 1. 该经理助理负责与欧洲总公司的联系与通讯。(be responsible for) The manager’s assistant is responsible for handling relation and communication with our European head office. 2. 由于泄密，史密斯先生的商业计划被竞争对手知道了。(as a consequence of) Mr. Smith’s business plan became known to his competitors as a consequence of information leak. 3. 他十分忙碌，平均每天工作达12小时。(on the average) He is so busy that he works 12 hours a day on the average. Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits 4. 过去他只会讲粤语，但现在他的客户不再局限于广东人， 他已能用英语和普通话与客户沟通。(used to, no longer) He used to speak only Cantonese, but now his clients are no longer limited to Cantonese, and he has been able to communicate in English and Mandarin with clients. 5. 为了减肥，她只吃蔬菜、水果和低脂肪食物。(lose weight) She eats only vegetables, fruits and low-fat foods in order to lose weight. 6. 他对当前经济状况的仔细分析是以事实为根据的。(be based on) His close analysis of the current economic situation is based on facts. Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits 7. 广告常常误导人们去购买他们并不需要的商品。(lead...to do) Advertisements often lead people to buy things they don’t need. 8. 在香港，晚餐通常先喝汤。(begin with) Supper often begins with soup in Hong Kong. 9. 比起西餐，我更喜欢吃传统的中国菜，因为中国菜富含纤维素、维生素 和矿物质。(prefer...to, rich in) I prefer traditional Chinese dishes to Western ones, because Chinese dishes are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. 10. 我们把这家法国企业看作潜在的合作伙伴。(regard...as) We regard the French enterprise as a potential partner for cooperation. Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits VI. Cloze. That was the 1 medical researchers wanted to answer. The French eat much more cheese 2 other Europeans but they have the 3 rate of heart disease. Cheese is bad for the heart because, like butter and cream, 4 has a lot of fat. The results of research are surprising, and good news for wine lovers 5 . The French are 6 the biggest wine drinkers in Europe and drinking wine with food reduces the risk of heart 7 . And if you’re not a wine lover? 8 problem, a daily aspirin has the same result. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. a. problem a. as a. lowest a. which a. somewhere a. also a. ache a. Not b. question b. like b. lower b. that b. each part b. too b. hurt b. Neither c. quiz c. than c. low c. it c. every place c. as well c. attack c. None d. puzzle d. for d. much lower d. what d. everywhere d. besides d. beat d. No Exercise VI Unit 5 Eating Habits The 9 Greeks were also lucky, it seems. Their diet of olive oil, garlic, fish, vegetables, and bread 10 very healthy. They ate very little meat, fat, or sugar. The experts today tell us to eat 11 meat and more vegetables, fruit, fish, pasta, bread, and potatoes. Chicken is healthier than beef because it has less 12 . Garlic also has a good effect 13 the heart, as well as other benefits, which is perhaps 14 the ancient Greeks ate so much of it. 15 , if you love your heart, add a little more garlic and wine to your diet ! 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. a. ancient a. were a. more a. meat a. at a. how a. So b. old b. was b. less b. bone b. for b. what b. However c. far c. is c. as much as c. vitamin c. on c. why d. that c. Moreover d. aged d. are d. as many as d. fat d. into d. Because Extended Activities Unit 5 Eating Habits UNIT A Phonetic Drills B Function and Structure C Practical Reading D Additional Vocabulary E Business World F Humor Time Phonetic Drills Unit 5 Eating Habits Centering Diphthongs • Exercise I • Exercise II • Exercise III • Exercise IV • Exercise V Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits I. Listen to the passage and find out the words containing the sounds listed below. Gifts Americans give gifts on many occasions. The most common are birthdays, weddings and wedding anniversaries, housewarmings (when someone moves into a new home), graduations, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, and Christmas. Weddings and the birth of a first child are often occasions for giving family heirlooms (pronounced AIR-looms), which are special family possessions that are passed on from generation to generation. Heirlooms include silverware, jewelry, or, in Grandpa’s case, even an old baseball glove ! It is not necessary to send a gift on all occasions. A greeting card will do. Americans also send sympathy cards to relatives of a person who has died. Getwell cards are sent to persons who are ill or recovered from an illness . Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits / // ________________________________________________________ Heirloom, AIR /e/ jewelry ________________________________________________________ // _______________________________________________________ Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits II. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the differences between the three sounds. // /e/ // mere mare moor pier pair poor sheer share sure tear (n.) tear (v.) tour Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits III. Listen and decide which one of the three words in the group rhymes (押韵) with the word you hear. Circle the letter beside your choice. For example: she and key, late and eight . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. a. hear a. sure a. hear a. peace a. pier a. share a. ear a. fair b. tour b. where b. hair b. pierce b. pair b. sure b. air b. fire c. chair c. near c. her c. purse c. poor c. tear c. tear c. sure fear — hear share — where fear — hear fierce — pierce sure — poor dear — tear (n.) year — ear fire — hire Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits IV. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the tones of the words in bold type. The falling tone (降调) here is used in tag questions (附加 疑问句) to show confirmation. ↘should you ? ↘ could you ? ↘ would you ? Example: She couldn’t cook, ↘ could she ? 1. She couldn’t hear, could she ? 2. He wouldn’t share, would he ? 3. You shouldn’t tear, should you ? 4. He wouldn’t look, would he ? Exercise V Unit 5 Eating Habits V. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the “r” in the following sentences. r 发音 ( r-linking) Here they are. Here are all the books There goes the bell. The beer is here on the table. I can hear Mr. Lear. He can hear us too. It’s there. There it is. I’ve looked everywhere. I’ve looked everywhere in the house. ) r 不发音 ) ) ) ) Function and Structure Unit 5 Eating Habits Ordering a Meal • Exercise I • Exercise II • Exercise III • Exercise IV Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits I. Practise the following sentences with your partner. Sentence Patterns I Finding out what the restaurant has today (diner) Recommending what the restaurant has today (waiter/waitress) Could we see the menu ? Please show me the menu. Waiter, we’d like the menu, please. Here’s the menu, sir/madam. What do you have for breakfast ? What have you got ? For continental breakfast (欧洲大陆 式早餐), you can have bacon and egg (火腿蛋), buttered toast (黄油烤 面包), and a glass of fruit juice. Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits Sentence Patterns I Finding out what the restaurant has today (diner) What kind of seafood/desserts do you have ? What do you recommend we order for soup course ? What’s good today ? What’s special for tonight ? What are your specialties ? Recommending what the restaurant has today (waiter/waitress) Shrimp salad is being served today. I can recommend the chef’’s delight: sourpepper soup Sichuan style (川味酸辣汤). I think our fish cutlet (鱼排) will be to your taste. Perhaps you’d like some scrambled eggs (炒蛋). Please try this crispy fried duck. (香酥鸭) Roast duck (烤鸭）is always a favorite with our customers. Our specialties are fried chicken. Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits Sentence Patterns Ⅱ Ordering a meal I’ll have/I’ll order/I’ll take/I’ll start with the soup. I’d like/I’ll try some seafood, please. Coffee with cream, if it’s not too much trouble. It sounds good, but I’d prefer some roast potatoes today. Let us have some chips (薯片) for a change. Order anything you like, I’m not particular about food. You order first, Jane. Anything is all right with me. I’d better leave the choice to you. Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits Sentence Patterns Ⅲ Asking how the diner would like something Do you like your tea strong or weak ? How would you like it done/ prepared ? Would you like it rare, medium, or well done ? Would you like it with tomato sauce ? You want it now or after dinner ? Telling the waiter how you’d like something With milk but without sugar, please. I’d like it well done. I’d like my egg hard-boiled. Medium, please. With tomato ketchup (BrE. ) /catsup (AmE) (番茄酱), please. I’d like it served after the main course. Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits II. Make short dialogues after the example. 1 A: Do you want tea, or would you rather have coffee ? B: Coffee for me, please. 2 A: Would you like a cup of coffee ? B: I’d love one. 3 A: And what would you like after your soup ? B: I think I’ll try the chicken, please. 4 A: Would you like more coffee ? B: No, thank you. But I’d like to see the menu again, please. 5 A: I feel like having a cup of coffee. B: That’s a good idea. Coffee for me too, please. 6 A: What are your specialties ? B: Roast duck is today’s special. Would you like to try it ? Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits III Complete the following dialogues. 1. Diner: Waiter, please__________________ . show me the menu Waiter: ________________, sir. Here’s the menu Diner: Thank you. Waiter: May I take your order? Diner: Yes. ______________ I’d like a cup of fresh orange juice. Waiter: And what would you like after that ? I’ll try Diner: I think ______________ the roast chicken. Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits 2. Waiter: Have you decided on what you’d like ? Diner: I’ll have onion soup. Yes. First ________ Waiter: And then? Diner: ______________ the lamb chops. I’ll order Waiter: __________________________ ? How would you like it done Diner: Medium, please. Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. Waiter: Are you ready to order ? You order first David: __________________, Susan. Order anything you like I’m not particular about food. Susan: ___________________. leave the choice to you . David: I’d better ___________________ Susan: OK. Then, a glass of mineral water for me. David: And for me, too. Let us have Susan: ______________ some shrimps for a change. It sounds good David: ______________, but I’d prefer some mutton today. Exercise III Unit 5 Eating Habits 4 John: Could we see the menu _______________________, please ? Waitress: Here you are, sir. John: ________________ for today ? What’s special Waitress: Perhaps ___________________ some mushroom soup and fried sole you’d like (鳎鱼). John: OK. Mushroom soup, please. Waitress: And what to follow ? John: Vegetable salad, if______________________ it’s not too much trouble. Would you like it with tomato sauce ? Waitress: Not at all. _______________ John: Yeah. With tomato ketchup. Waitress: Anything else, sir ? John: No, thank you. Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits IV. Pairwork: Ordering a dinner at a restaurant. The first round: Student A plays the role of a diner, while Student B, a waiter/waitress. Make a dialogue according to the menu of the restaurant and order the food you are going to have. Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits What do you order ? Starter ____________________ Main course ____________________ Vegetables ____________________ Drinks ____________________ Menu STARTERS Tomato soup ★ Leek soup Onion soup MAIN COURSE Salmon steak ★Roast beef Fried chicken VEGETABLES Peas ★Potatoes ★ Lettuce DESSERTS Ice cream ★ Fruit salad BEVERAGES White wine ★ Red wine Coffee ★ Tea ★ Orange juice Mineral water Exercise IV Unit 5 Eating Habits The second round: Students A and B exchange their roles. Student B plays the role of a diner, while Student A, a waiter/waitress. Do the same task again. What do you order ? Starter _____________________________________________________ Main course ________________________________________________ Vegetables _____________________________________________________ Desserts _____________________________________________________ Drinks _____________________________________________________ Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits Study the two menus below and then complete each statement with the best choice. Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant Cantonese Style 1. Crispy Duck ￡5. 80 2. Crispy Beef with Hot Sauce ￡4. 80 3. Singapore Rice Noodle ￡4. 30 4. Roast Duck and Pineapple ￡4. 50 5. Lemon Chicken with Sauce ￡3. 80 6. Roast Pork Chinese Style ￡3. 80 7. Roast Duck Chow Mein ￡4. 50 8. King Prawns ￡4. 50 Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits Soup 9 Hong Kong Special Soup 10 Sweet Corn with Chicken 11 Crab Meat and Sweet Corn 12 Won Ton Soup ￡1. 50 ￡1. 50 ￡2. 00 ￡2. 00 Rice 13 Special Fried Rice 14 King Prawn Fried Rice 15 Chicken Fried Rice 16 Fried Rice with Egg 17 Plain Boiled Rice ￡2. 90 ￡3. 20 ￡2. 80 ￡1. 60 ￡1. 50 Sweet & Sour 18 Sweet & Sour Chicken ￡2. 90 19 Sweet & Sour Prawns ￡3. 90 20 Sweet & Sour Pork ￡2. 90 Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits Newbery’s 1246 W Davenport Dinners 5:30—10:30 Tuesday—Saturday 347-2981 for reservations SOUPS Homemade, piping hot & delicious Thick Vegetable Soup French Onion Soup Cup... $1. 50 Bowl $2. 00 HORS D’OEURVRES Tasty morsels before your meal Shrimp cocktail $3. 50 Stuffed mushrooms $3. 00 Chicken livers in bacon $3. 50 SALADS Fruit Salad $4. 25 Choice of apples, pineapples, bananas, oranges, etc. Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits Chef’s Salad $3. 95 Tossed green salad with slices of Cheddar and Swiss cheese, thinly sliced turkey and ham WINES We are proud of our fine selection of distinctive domestic and imported wines. Please consult our wine list. MAIN COURSE Served with salad, vegetable du jour, Idaho potato and a variety of breads from our kitchen Fish of the Day $5. 95 As you like it, grilled, fried, or poached sauce Prawns Orientale $10. 50 Prawns simmered gently in a tasty ginger sauce Served with rice Lamb Fillet $11. 50 Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits Wrapped in pastry glazed with fresh mint sauce Coffee Beef $12. 50 Topped with delicious sauce Farm Fresh Duckling $11. 50 Served with sour cherry sauce Prime Rib $9. 50 Our famous prime rib, tender and juicy DESSERTS Lemon cheesecake $1. 75 Buttermilk chocolate cake $1. 50 Three or four special desserts daily Ask your waiter about today’s delights. Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits 1. If you want your friends to try Chow Mein, you should take them to ___________ . a. a Chinese restaurant b. Newbery’s c. a French restaurant d. Hong Kong 2. Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant provides customers with ____________. a. Thick Vegetable Soup & French Onion Soup b. Hong Kong Special Soup & Sweet Corn with Chicken c. Crab Meat and Sweet Corn & Won Ton Soup d. Both b and c. Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits 3. If you buy double Sweet & Sour Chicken, you will have to pay ___________. a. ￡2. 90 b. ￡3. 90 c. ￡5. 80 d. ￡7. 80 4. The cheapest kind of rice in Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant is ___________. a. Chicken Fried Rice b. King Prawn Fried Rice c. Fried Rice with Egg d. Plain Boiled Rice 5. Newbery’s business hours are ______________. a. from 5:30 to 10:30 p. m. Tuesday through Saturday b. from 8:30 a. m. to 5:30 p. m. Tuesday through Saturday c. from 12:30 p. m. to 5:30 a. m. Friday through Sunday d. from 5:30 to 10:30 p. m. Monday through Sunday Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits 6. You can eat Hors D’oeuvres ______________. a. before the main course of the dinner b. after your meal c. during your meal d. by calling 347-2981 for reservations 7. You can find out about wines they serve by ____________. a. asking your waiter b. reading the menu yourself c. reading the wine list d. consulting the cook Practical Reading: Menu Unit 5 Eating Habits 8. __________ comes with rice instead of potatoes . a. Fish of the day b. Lamb fillet c. Prawns orientale d. Prime rib 9. The main course in Newbery’s includes all of the following dishes EXCEPT __________. a. lamb & duckling b. fish & beef c. shrimp & steak d. rib & prawns 10. If you want to know whether Newbery’s offers apple pie, you should __________. a. ask your waiter b. ask the manager c. read the dessert list d. ask other customers around you Additional Vocabulary • Exercise I • Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits I. Match the adjectives used to describe food with their Chinese equivalents. 1-19 1. delicious 1. 香的 2-18 2. tasteless 2. 软的 3-29 3. greasy 3. 硬的 4-5 4. rich 4. 太老的 5-6 5. light 5. 重油的 6-23 6. stale 6. 清淡的 7-25 7. juicy 7. 嫩的 8-24 8. watery 8. 甜的 9-7 9. tender 9. 酸的 Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits 10-17 10. overdone 10. 太咸的 11-30 11. fresh 11. 苦的 12-13 12. spicy 12. 辣的 13-22 13. medium 13. 有香味的 14-28 14. savoury 14. 生的 15-14 15. raw 15. 煮得透的 16-20 16. appetizing 16. 煮得嫩的 17-16 17. underdone 17. 煮得太烂的 18-12 18. hot 18. 无味的 19. bitter 19. 美味的 19-11 Exercise I Unit 5 Eating Habits 20. salty 20. 开胃的 21-15 21. well-done 21. 淡而无味的 22-1 22. fragrant 22. 半熟的 23-2 23. soft 23. 不新鲜的 24-26 24. nutritious 24. 乏味的 25-3 25. hard 25. 多汁的 26-27 26. rare 26. 有营养的 27-4 27. tough 27. 三分熟的 28-8 28. sweet 28. 咸的 29-9 29. sour 29. 油腻的 30-21 30. tasteless 30. 新鲜的 20-10 Exercise II Unit 5 Eating Habits II. Match the verbs used to describe ways of cooking with their Chinese equivalents. 1-3 1. roast 1. 油煎 2-14 2. bake 2. 油炸 3-1 3. fry 3. 烤 4-7 4. barbecue 4. 炖 5-8 5. stir-fry 5. 煮 6-6 6. grill 6. 烤炙 7-9 7. fire 7. 烧烤 8-15 8. scramble 8. 炒 Exercise II 9-2 9. deep fry Unit 5 Eating Habits 9. 烘制 10-4 10. stew 10. 炙(肉等) 11-10 11. broil 11. (用文火)炖(肉等) 12-12 12. steam 12. 蒸 13-5 13. boil 13. 烘(面包等) 14-13 14. toast 14. 烘；烤；焙(面包等) 15-11 15. braise 15. 炒(蛋) Business World Unit 5 Eating Habits Business Meals Business is sometimes conducted over a meal. This is done to save time (you have to eat, and you have to do business). A full western meal may consist of several courses: the first course (or starter), which can be soup, appetizer(冷盆) or salad; the main course, with meat or fish, served with vegetables; and the sweet course (or dessert) with puddings, pies, ice cream, etc. The meal may be preceded by drinks, followed by after-dinner drinks, and accompanied by wine. Eating in the restaurant, customers may choose from table d’hôte (套餐) or a la carte(点菜) menu. Table d’hôte menu has a restricted number of dishes at a single price for the whole meal, while a la carte menu has many different dishes at different prices, from which a guest can choose what to eat. A hosted business meal is often served buffet-style(自助餐方式). People line up and serve themselves from a central table, and random seating is more common than assigned seating. Humor Time Unit 5 Eating Habits Two men, John and Jim, while travelling through the country in America, stopped at a small inn for dinner. On the table there was a large cup of mustard (芥末). Thinking the contents were a sweet of some kind, Jim took a spoonful of it and put it in his mouth. Tears ran down his cheeks, but wishing to have his friend John caught in the same trap, he said nothing of the mistake he had made. The other man, seeing that his friend was crying, said: “Listen, Jim, what are you crying about ?” “I was thinking of my father who was hanged twenty years ago,” Jim replied. Soon after, John took a spoonful of the mustard, and as the tears started down his cheeks, Jim in his turn said: “What are you crying about ?” “To think you were not hanged the same day your father was,” came the answer.